1. Students will be able to explain isotope formation and controls on abundances in natural systems.
2. Students will be able to calculate and graphically represent isotope ratios from provided abundance data.
3. Students will be able to use isotope mixing models to visualize large scale biogeochemical systems.
4. Students will be able to describe a specific isotope system, including description of controls/fractionations, common measurement techniques/materials, and common applications to Earth systems questions.
5. Students will be able to create descriptive/labeled diagrams of mass spectrometer parts and/or isotope analysis equipment.
6. Students will be able to demonstrate maintenance/operational procedures for a functioning isotope-ratio mass spectrometer.
7. Students will be able to prepare samples and produce an isotope dataset, using provided geological materials.
8. Students will be able to describe patterns in measured isotope datasets and explain causal interpretations, including discussion of limitations or quality-control issues.
9. Students will be able to discuss/debate the implications and limitations of an isotope application/study in a published paper.
10. Students will be able to select an appropriate isotope methodology and sampling material to address a given research question.
11. As a group, students will be able to develop an NSF-style research proposal using an isotope system to answer a fundamental research question.
12. Using NSF review criteria, students will be able to evaluate research proposals of a peer group and provide written feedback about potential areas for improvement or implications of the proposal.