By the end of this course, students will be able to do the following:
(1) Differentiate between the terms osmole, osmolarity, osmolality and tonicity and apply that knowledge to scenarios to assess the direction of fluid flow.
(2) Demonstrate an understanding of the functions of electrically excitable cells and evaluate the effects of functional changes in response to alterations in the system.
(3) Summarize the functions of sensory and motor nervous responses and analyze the integration of sensory stimuli through transduction to a motor output, including the anatomy of the nervous system regions that are responsible for each action.
(4) Compare and contrast terms and concepts related to the sympathetic and parasympathetic systems, including: the central location of cell body of origin, number of synapses between CNS and effector organs, degree of myelination, and general effects on target tissues.
(5) Discuss the mechanisms for sensory transduction in the nervous system and the consequences of disruption of normal transduction pathways (e.g. lesion studies, nerve degeneration, etc.).
(6) Explain the molecular mechanisms of striated and smooth muscle contraction and how contraction and relaxation are regulated in response to molecular and neural signals.
(7) For major classes of nutrients (carbohydrates, proteins, fats), differentiate the processes of ingestion, digestion, absorption, secretion, and excretion, including the location in the GI tract where each process occurs.
(8) Demonstrate an understanding of the integrated regulation (neural, endocrine, luminal) that drives digestion and absorption of nutrients after a meal and the temporal sequence of regulatory events during digestion