To establish a thorough understanding of plant nutrition, soil fertility, and nutrient management in each student so that she/he can describe soil and plant nutrient relationships, identify plant nutrition‑soil fertility problems, and recommend effective nutrient-amendment sources and efficient application methods.
1. Describe how plants take up or absorb plant nutrients, and how the soil system supplies these elements.
2. Identify/describe plant nutrient deficiency symptoms and methods used to quantify plant nutrient problems.
3. Describe how soil organic matter, cation exchange capacity, soil pH, parent material, climate, and management affect nutrient availability.
4. Discriminate nutrient sources and soil amendments on the basis of their content, use, and effects on the soil and plant.
5. Using basic chemical principles, quantify nutrient content and reactions in soil and rates of nutrients and amendments needed to correct plant nutrition problems.
6. Describe nutrient response in plants, nutrient use‑efficiency, and the impacts of nutrient use on the environment.
7. Describe and evaluate soil and nutrient management practices that sustain soil productivity and enhance environmental quality.