Specialist Vocabulary: Recognize and define the major terms that apply to meteorology. Explain the difference between weather and climate.
Structure of the atmosphere: Explain the chemical composition and vertical structure of the atmosphere.
Weather maps: Read, interpret and plot station information from weather maps. Read, interpret and plot isotherms and isobars. Determine wind direction and relative magnitude from maps of atmospheric pressure.
Stability: Explain the characteristics of atmospheric profiles in stable, unstable and conditionally unstable conditions and the associated motion of air parcels within each type of profile. Identify the lifting condensation level and temperature inversions from atmospheric sounding data. Given a thermodynamic profile, identify layers in the atmosphere where clouds can form.
Moisture: Define and calculate derived moisture parameters such as dew point, specific humidity, and mixing ratio from measured atmospheric variables.
Precipitation: Explain the physical processes that form rain, snow, hail, and freezing rain.
Weather variability: Identify and explain how the diurnal cycle influences local weather variability. Identify and explain the difference between warm and cool ENSO cycles and how these influence regional weather.
Storms: Explain the main 3D wind and precipitation structures within mid-latitude cyclones, thunderstorms and hurricanes, the environments in which they form, and key ways in which these types of storms differ. Describe storm conditions where severe weather can occur and explain safety precautions for severe weather watches and warnings.
Climate and Climate Change: Explain characteristics of current climate zones and how zone locations may shift in a changing climate. Explain evidence for climate variations. Explain likely future climate impacts on ecosystems and infrastructure.
Computation: Download data and programs from an ftp site. Use Matlab to: Read in 1d and 2d data sets. Use supplied functions to plot x-y graphs, time series graphs, 2D arrays, vectors and bar plots. Utilize algebraic functions to transform data.
Teamwork: Work effectively in problem-solving teams.