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Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering

www.che.ncsu.edu

Chemical engineers create, develop, and manage processes that effect molecular change, including changes in chemical composition, physical state, structure, and/or purity. The end goal is technologies and products that are useful to society.

Since in-depth knowledge of chemistry is an important tool most chemical engineers use in their work, in some situations there’s an overlap between the professional interests of chemical engineers and their nearest scientific relatives, chemists. An important difference between the two is that most chemists are concerned with how a molecule can be synthesized and what series of steps might achieve the highest yield of the compound, while most chemical engineers focus on applying chemistry, other sciences, and technical knowledge to solve “real-world” problems. Chemists usually work in a laboratory environment, while most chemical engineers work on “large-scale” projects outside the laboratory environment. It has been stated that chemists typically ask “why” questions and chemical engineers ask “how” and “what for” questions.

Example projects for chemical engineers are: preventing pollutants from entering the air and water; using fermentation to produce penicillin and many other pharmaceuticals; converting crude oil into fuel and valuable components that can be processed further into products such as cosmetics, synthetic fibers, dyes, and plastics; manufacturing microchips, paper, paints, textiles, and all manner of chemicals; and designing a process or plant to accomplish these tasks.

Opportunities

Careers in chemical engineering are sometimes exciting, always demanding, and ultimately provide a sense of accomplishment and achievement. Graduates find employment in sub-disciplines such as production, technical service, sales, management and administration; research and development; and consulting and teaching. Students desiring careers in teaching, research, or consulting are encouraged to continue their education and pursue a graduate degree (consult the Graduate Catalog). The undergraduate curriculum also provides strong preparation for graduate study in a wide range of professional specialties, and chemical engineering graduates often pursue careers in the medical sciences, business management, and law.

Curriculum

The successful practice of chemical engineering requires a broad, diversified preparation which promotes original and disciplined thought, enthusiastic inquiry and, ultimately, original and constructive accomplishment. The knowledge base chemical engineers develop in organic, physical, and inorganic chemistry is similar to the level of expertise that’s developed by chemistry majors. Mathematics, physical sciences, and distributed humanities courses are also valuable areas of study.

The undergraduate curriculum emphasizes the scientific, engineering, and economic principles involved in the design and operation of chemical processes. Design methodologies are practiced in all core chemical and biomolecular engineering courses, and this integrated design experience culminates with the senior design sequence, CHE 450 and CHE 451.

In order to gain in-depth understanding in a specialized technical area, students can elect to pursue studies in one of several chemical engineering curriculum concentrations. In all cases, the degree earned is the Bachelor of Science in Chemical Engineering, and graduates from all the concentrations are fully qualified to work in any chemical engineering environment. The curriculum concentrations are:

Biomanufacturing Sciences Concentration in Chemical Engineering

The Biomanufacturing Sciences Concentration provides students with the knowledge base and hands-on skills that prepare them to quickly contribute to a biomanufacturing operation. Pharmaceuticals, vaccines, enzymes, and bio-fuels are example products. Students completing this concentration also receive a Minor in Biomanufacturing.

Biomolecular Concentration in Chemical Engineering

The Biomolecular Concentration emphasizes hands-on laboratory molecular biology skills that are highly relevant to pharmaceutical, medical, engineering, and agricultural fields. Students completing this concentration also receive a Minor in Biotechnology.

Nanoscience Concentration in Chemical Engineering

The Nanoscience Concentration develops students’ understanding of the scientific and technological principles associated with the design and manufacture of patterns and devices with features and advanced functionality on the nanometer scale.

Sustainable Engineering, Energy, and the Environment Concentration in Chemical Engineering

The Sustainable Engineering, Energy, and Environment Concentration connects chemical engineering concepts with global grand challenges in the generation of clean and affordable energy, as well as sustainable and environmentally responsible engineering practices. 

Honors Program in Chemical Engineering

The Honors Program allows students to gain a deeper understanding of chemical engineering principles than would be acquired by completing the standard CHE curriculum. Admission to the program requires students to have earned a minimum overall GPA of 3.5 and a minimum GPA of 3.5 in CHE 205 and CHE 225. An honors thesis based on a supervised research experience and completion of at least one semester of faculty-supervised research are required for completion of the Honors Program.

Program Educational Objectives

Given the foundation of knowledge, skills, experiences, and the discipline of hard work and critical thinking provided by the curriculum, our students are expected to achieve one or more of the following within five years of graduation:

1. Excel in engineering practice and/or entrepreneurship in various industries, including petrochemical, biochemical, pharmaceutical, fine chemical, environmental, semi-conductor, pulp and paper, advanced materials, and health care industries.

2. Advance professionally in positions of increasing leadership responsibilities in their chosen career fields.

3. Earn an advanced degree or certification leading to a career in academia, law, medicine, or research and development.

4. Exhibit professionalism, a habit of continual learning, interest in contemporary issues of importance to society, appreciation of the impact of engineering development in society, and ethical responsibility−particularly in the context of environmental protection, process/product safety, financial accountability, and community well-being.

The Chemical Engineering Program is accredited by the Engineering Accreditation Commission of ABET, http://www.abet.org. Curriculum requirements are available on the Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering website. Information for prospective students is also available on the site.

Head

P. S. Fedkiw


Alumni Distinguished Graduate Professor

P. S. Fedkiw

R.M. Kelly

S. Khan


Associate Head

J. Genzer


Celanese Professor

J. Genzer


Director of Graduate Programs

S.A. Khan


Director of Undergraduate Studies

L.G. Bullard


Teaching Professor

L.G. Bullard


Frank Hawkins Kenan Distinguished Professor

R.G. Carbonell


William R. Kenan, Jr. Distinguished Professor of Chemical Engineering

J.M. DeSimone


Hoechst-Celanese Professor Emeritus

R.M. Felder


H. Worley Clark Distinguished University Professor

K.E. Gubbins


Camille Dreyfus Professor

C.K. Hall


Camille Dreyfus Professor Emeritus

H.B. Hopfenberg


Alcoa Professor

S.A. Khan

R.M. Kelly

G.N. Parsons


Distinguished University Professor

D.F. Ollis


Alumni Distinguished Undergraduate Professor

L.G. Bullard

O.D. Velev


INVISTA Professor

O. Velev


Professors

M.C. Flickinger

C.S. Grant

J.M. Haugh

H.H. Lamb

P.K. Lim

P.R. Westmoreland


Professor Emeritus

K.O. Beatty


Adjunct Professor

A. Andrade

G. Findenegg

D.J. Kiserow

M. Schoen

M. Sliwinskia-Bartowiak

J. Trainham

X. Lu


Associate Professor

M.D. Dickey

B.M. Rao

S.W. Peretti


Associate Professor Emeritus

H. Winston


Adjunct Associate Professors

W.A. Henderson

J. Srogl

Krassimir Velikov


Assistant Professors

C.L. Beisel

F. Li

G.T. Reeves

E. Santiso


Adjunct Assistant Professor

P. Gurgel


Teaching Assistant Professor

M.E. Cooper

CHE - Chemical Engineering Courses

CHE 205 Chemical Process Principles 4.
Prerequisite: Grade of C or better in MA 241, PY 205, and (CH 201 or CH 221 or CH 225).

Engineering methods of treating material balances, stoichiometry, phase equilibrium calculations, thermophysics, thermochemistry and the first law of thermodynamics. Introduction to equation solving packages and spreadsheets for solving problems related to chemical engineering calculations.

CHE 225 Introduction to Chemical Engineering Analysis 3.
Prerequisite: C- or better in CHE 205 and MA 242; Corequisite: MA 341.

Introduction of mathematical and computational tools for analyzing chemical engineering problems. Sequential modular and equation-based simulation of steady-state chemical processes using advanced spreadsheet methods and multivariate root-finding algorithms. Material and energy balances on transient processes and their solution using analytical and numerical methods. Introduction to microscopic material and energy balances using the "shell balance" approach to develop the governing differential equations. Solutions to steady-state boundary value problems in heat conduction and Fickian diffusion.

CHE 311 Transport Processes I 3.
Prerequisite: Grade of C- or better in both CHE 225 and MA 341.

Fundamental aspects of momentum and heat transfer, and the use of these fundamentals in solving problems in transport operations.

CHE 312 Transport Processes II 3.
Prerequisite: Grade of C- or better in CHE 311.

Fundamental aspects of mass transfer and the use of these basic principles in solving problems in transport operations.

CHE 315 Chemical Process Thermodynamics 3.
Prerequisite: Grade of C- or better in CHE 225.

Laws of thermodynamics and their application to chemical engineering problems, both in theory and in practice. Criteria of equilibrium in physical and chemical changes. Behavior of real fluids, including mixtures.

CHE 316 Thermodynamics of Chemical and Phase Equilibria 3.
Prerequisite: Grade of C- or better in CHE 315.

Systematic study of chemical reaction equilibria and phase equilibria. Use of fugacity, activity and chemical potential concepts for predicting the effect of such variables as temperature, pressure on equilibrium compositions. Methods for measuring and estimating thermodynamic properties important to equilibrium calculation in real systems.

CHE 330 Chemical Engineering Lab I 4.
Prerequisite: CHE 311.

Laboratory experiments in unit operations of heat transfer and fluid flow. Laboratory safety, technical report writing, statistics, experimental design, error analysis and instrumentation.

CHE 331 Chemical Engineering Lab II 2.
Prerequisite: CHE 312, CHE 330.

Laboratory experiments in mass transfer and reaction kinetics. Experimental planning, technical report writing and oral presentations are emphasized.

CHE 395 Professional Development Seminar 1.

Professional development and topics of current interest in chemical engineering.

CHE 435 Process Systems Analysis and Control 3.
Prerequisite: (MA 341 and TE 205) or CHE 312.

Dynamic analysis and continuous control of chemical and material engineering processes. Process modeling; stability analysis, design and selection of control schemes. Solution of differential equations using Laplace transform techniques.

CHE 446 Design and Analysis of Chemical Reactors 3.
Prerequisite: CHE 316.

Characterization and measurement of the rates of homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions. Design and analysis of chemical reactors. Credit cannot be received for both CHE 446 and CHE 546.

CHE 447 Bioreactor Engineering 3.
Prerequisite: BCH 451, CHE 312, CHE 316.

Design and analysis of chemical reactors with emphasis on enzyme-catalyzed reactions, microbial fermentation, and animal cell culture. Empirical kinetics of enzymatic reactions and cell growth. Design and scale-up of suspension bioreactors. Immobilized-enzyme and immobilized-cell bioreactors, including the classical Thiele reaction-diffusion analysis.

CHE 450 Chemical Engineering Design I 3.
Prerequisite: CHE 312.

Applications of cost accounting, cost estimation for new equipment, manufacturing cost and measures of profitability. Use of computer simulation design and cost programs. Procedures for sizing unit operations commonly encountered in the chemical process industry. Heuristics for selection of separation processes and heat exchanger network synthesis.

CHE 451 Chemical Engineering Design II 3.
Prerequisite: CHE 450, and (CHE 446 or CHE 447).

Chemical process design and optimization. The interplay of economic and technical factors in process development, site selection, project design, and production management. Comprehensive design problems.

CHE 460 Nano-Electronic Materials 3.
Prerequisite: CHE 311 and CHE 315.

Plasma and thermal inorganic chemical processes in semiconductor device fabrication. Thin films and electronic devices. Kinetics and chemical transport in electronic materials synthesis, modification and etching. Plasma physics and chemistry, reactors and process diagnostics. Credit for both CHE 460 and CHE 760 is not allowed.

CHE 461 Polymer Sciences and Technology 3.
Prerequisite: (CH 223 or CH 227) and CHE 316.

Concepts and techniques for polymerization of macromolecules. Structure, properties, and applications of commercially important polymers.

CHE 462 Fundamentals of Bio-Nanotechnology 3.
Prerequisite: MA 241 and PY 208 and (CH 223 or CH 227).

Concepts of nanotechnology are applied in the synthesis, characterization, recognition and application of biomaterials on the nanoscale. Emphasis will be given to hands-on experience with nanostructured biomaterials; students will also be familiarized with the potential impact of these materials on different aspects of society and potential hazards associated with their preparation and application.

CHE 463 Fermentation of Recombinant Microorganisms 2.
Prerequisite: CH 223 or CH 227; Corequisite: (BIT 410 or BCH 452 or MB 352 or BEC 363).

Introduction to fermentation and protein chemistry. Theory behind laboratory techniques and overview of industrial scale expression systems. Laboratory sessions involve use of microbial expression vectors, fermentation systems, and large-scale purification of recombinant protein. Half semester course, first part.

CHE 465 Colloidal and Nanoscale Engineering 3.
Prerequisite: C- or better in CHE 311 and CHE 315..

The first part of this course will present the fundamentals of nanoscale colloidal processes, including interactions and self-assembly of particles, surfactants and biomolecules. The applications of these fundamentals to the nanotechnology and engineering on the nanoscale will be discussed. The nanoscience has led to the development of many new technologies with relevance to chemical engineering, including microfluidics, lab-on-a-chip, bioarrays and bioassays. These emerging technologies will be presented and discussed in the second half of this course.

CHE 467 Polymer Rheology 3.
Prerequisite: CHE 311.

Theoretical principles and experimental techniques associated with flow and deformation of polymer systems. Systems include: meffs and solutions, suspension, gels, emulsions, and thixotropic materials.

CHE 468 Conventional and Emerging Nanomanufacturing Techniques and Their Applications in Nanosystems 3.
Prerequisite: E 304.

Conventional and emerging nano-manufacturing techniques and their applications in the fabrication of various structures and devices. Review of techniques for patterning, deposition, and etching of thin films including emerging techniques such as an imprint and soft lithography and other unconventional techniques. Electronic and mechanical properties of 0 to 3-D nanostructures and their applications in nano-electronics, MEMS/NEMS devices, sensing, energy harvesting, storage, flexible electronics and nano-medicine. Credit for both ECE/CHE 468 and ECE/CHE 568 is not allowed.

CHE 488 Animal Cell Culture Engineering 2.

Design and operation of animal cell culture bioreactors for therapeutic protein production. Topics include: batch, fed-batch and perfusion bioreactors. agitation and aeration for mixing and oxygen mass transfer, bioreactor monitoring and control, optimizing bioreactor performance, and single-use (disposal) bioreactors. This is a half-semester course.

CHE 495 Honors Thesis Preparation 1.
Prerequisite: CHE 497, Senior standing.

Development and presentation of Honors Thesis in Chemical Engineering and discussion of graduate school selection and preparation.

CHE 497 Chemical Engineering Projects I 3.
Prerequisite: Junior standing.

Introduction to chemical engineering research through experimental, theoretical and literature studies. Oral and written presentation of reports.

CHE 498 Chemical Engineering Projects II 1-3.
Prerequisite: Junior standing.

Projects in research, design or development in various areas of chemical engineering.

CHE 525 Process System Analysis and Control 3.
Prerequisite: CHE 312.

Dynamic analysis and continuous control of chemical engineering processes. Process modeling; stability analysis, design and selection of control schemes. Solution of differential equations using Laplace transform techniques. Credit for both CHE 425 and CHE 525 is not allowed.

CHE 543 Polymer Science and Technology 3.
Prerequisite: CHE 223, CHE 316.

Concepts and techniques for polymerization of macromolecules. Structure, properties, and applications of commercially important polymers.

CHE 546 Design and Analysis of Chemical Reactors 3.
Prerequisite: CHE 316.

Characterization and measurement of rates of homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions. Design and analysis of chemical reactors. Credit for both CHE 446 and CHE 546 is not allowed.

CHE 551 Biochemical Engineering 3.
Prerequisite: CHE 312 and (CHE 446 or CHE 447).

Enzyme and microbial kinetics and reactor designs for processes involving enzymes and single and mixed cultures. Samples drawn from full range of applications: food processing, single cell proteins, tissue culture and vaccines, monoclonal antibodies, recombinant DNA and hybridomas, artificial organs, biological waste treatment and environmental processes.

CHE 560 Chemical Processing Of Electronic Materials 3.
Prerequisite: CHE 312 and CHE 446.

Plasma and thermal inorganic chemical processes in semiconductor device fabrication. Thin films and electronic devices. Kinetics and chemical transport in electronic materials synthesis, modification and etching. Plasma physics and chemistry, reactors and process diagnostics. Credit for both CHE 460 and CHE 560 is not allowed.

CHE 563 Fermentation of Recombinant Microorganisms 2.

Introduction to fermentation and protein chemistry. Theory behind laboratory techniques and overview of industrial scale expression systems. Laboratory session sinvolve use of microbial expression vectors, fermentation systems, and large-scale purification of recombinant protein. Half semester course, first part.

CHE 568 Conventional and Emerging Nanomanufacturing Techniques and Their Applications in Nanosystems 3.
Prerequisite: Graduate Standing or Permission of the Instructor.

Conventional and emerging nano-manufacturing techniques and their applications in the fabrication of various structures and devices. Review of techniques for patterning, deposition, and etching of thin films including emerging techniques such as an imprint and soft lithography and other unconventional techniques. Electronic and mechanical properties of 0 to 3-D nanostructures and their applications in nano-electronics, MEMS/NEMS devices, sensing, energy harvesting, storage, flexible electronics and nano-medicine. Credit for both ECE/CHE 468 and ECE/CHE 568 is not allowed.

CHE 575 Advances in Pollution Prevention: Environmental Management 3.
Prerequisite: PY 208, MA 341.

Design of industrial processes which minimize or eliminate wastes. Regulations and the corporate organization of current pollution prevention efforts. Current pollution prevention research. Product life cycle analysis and the application to design of more efficient processes. Credit will not be given for CHE 475 and CHE 575.

CHE 577 Advanced Biomanufacturing and Biocatalysis 3.
Graduate standing in engineering or life-science graduate program.

Overview of biomanufacturing using microorganisms (bacteria, yeast, fungi), eukaryotic cells (hybridomas, insect, plant, CHO) and recombinant enzymes focusing on methods used in industry. Course will emphasize process design for optimization of heterologous protein expression, metabolic/cell line engineering, metabolomics, protein engineering to alter enzymes and antibodies. Pathway engineering strategies include developing microbes to produce new therapeutic compounds or overproduce primary metabolites, antibiotics, biotherapeutics, therapeutic enzymes, diagnostics, recombinant vaccines, and biopharmaceuticals. Utilization of immobilized biocatalysts, and microbial kinetics are covered.

CHE 596 Special Topics in Chemical Engineering 1-3.

CHE 597 Chemical Engineering Projects 1-3.
Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

Independent study of some phase of chemical engineering or related field.

CHE 601 Seminar 1.

Weekly seminars on topics of current interest given by resident faculty members, graduate students and visiting lecturers.

CHE 610 Special Topics 1-6.

CHE 685 Master's Supervised Teaching 1-3.
Prerequisite: Master's student.

Teaching experience under the mentorship of faculty who assist the student in planning for the teaching assignment, observe and provide feedback to the student during the teaching assignment, and evaluate the student upon completion of the assignment.

CHE 689 Non-Thesis Master Continuous Registration - Full Time Registration 3.
Prerequisite: Master's student.

For students in non-thesis master's programs who have completed all credit hour requirements for their degree but need to maintain full-time continuous registration to complete incomplete grades, projects, final master's exam, etc. Students may register for this course a maximum of one semester.

CHE 690 Master's Examination 1-9.
Prerequisite: Master's student.

For students in non-thesis master's programs who have completed all other requirements of the degree except preparing for and taking the final master's exam.

CHE 693 Master's Supervised Research 1-9.
Prerequisite: Master's student.

Instruction in research and research under the mentorship of a member of the Graduate Faculty.

CHE 695 Master's Thesis Research 1-9.
Prerequisite: Master's student.

Thesis research.

CHE 696 Summer Thesis Research 1.
Prerequisite: Master's student.

For graduate students whose programs of work specify no formal course work during a summer session and who will be devoting full time to thesis research.

CHE 697 Advanced Chemical Engineering Projects 1-12.
Prerequisite: Graduate standing in CHE.

Independent study of some phase of chemical engineering or related field.

CHE 699 Master's Thesis Preparation 1-9.
Prerequisite: Master's student.

For students who have completed all credit hour requirements and full-time enrollment for the master's degree and are writing and defending their thesis.

CHE 701 Introduction to Chemical Engineering Research 2.

Introduction to graduate research guidelines and practices. Topics include research ethics, electronic literature searching, research proposal structure, technical writing styles, research problem identification, advisor expectations, intellectual property and patents, laboratory notebooks, proposal creation and oral presentation. Graduate standing in chemical engineering or permission of instructor.

CHE 702 Chemical Engineering Research Proposition 2.
Prerequisite: CHE 701.

Preparation of a professional quality chemical engineering research proposal. Includes selecting a novel research topic, drafting and finalizing the proposal according to NSF formats, and orally presenting and defending the proposal to a faculty advisory committee. Ethics in proposal preparation.

CHE 711 Chemical Engineering Process Modeling 3.
Prerequisite: (CHE 312, MA 301 or MA 341) or equivalent.

Applications of methods of mathematical analysis to formulation and solution of problems in transport phenomena, process dynamics and chemical reaction engineering.

CHE 713 Thermodynamics I 3.
Prerequisite: CHE 316 or equivalent.

In-depth coverage of chemical engineering thermodynamics principles. Application of non-ideal fluid-phase chemical potentials to problems in phase and chemical reaction equilibria. Relations of molecular structure and intermolecular forces to macroscopic thermodynamic properties.

CHE 715 Transport Phenomena 3.
Prerequisite: CHE 311 or equivalent.

A theoretical unified study of transport of momentum, energy and matter. Introduction to diffusional operations including coupled heat and mass transfer in light of the theory.

CHE 717 Chemical Reaction Engineering 3.
Prerequisite: CHE 446 or CHE 447 or equivalent.

Rates and mechanisms of homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions. Design, analysis and scale-up of batch and continuous chemical reactors.

CHE 718 Advanced Chemical Reaction Engineering 3.
Prerequisite: CHE 717.

Topics relating to design, analysis and operation of homogeneous and heterogeneous chemical reactors.

CHE 719 Electrochemical Systems Analysis 3.
Prerequisite: CHE 715, 717.

Electrochemical thermodynamics, electrochemical kinetics and catalysis, coupled charge and material transport in an electric field and electrophoretic effects. Design and analysis of electrochemical reactors. Survey of electrochemical industry.

CHE 752 Separation Processes For Biological Materials 3.
Prerequisite: CHE 721 or CHE 551.

Definition and engineering analysis of major bioseparation techniques useful in product isolation and purification. Solid-liquid separation, crystallization, filtration, extraction, chromatography, membrane processes, distillation, drying, combined operations and process economics.

CHE 761 Polymer Blends and Alloys 3.
Prerequisite: CHE 316 or MAT 301.

Thermodynamics, morphological characteristics and properties of multiphase polymer systems composed of homopolymers or copolymers. Interfacial characteristics and modification of multicomponent polymer blends through emulsification and reactive blending. Microphase ordering in block copolymers, and emerging technolgies employing these nanostructured materials. Conformational properties and dynamics of macromolecules constrained near an interface.

CHE 775 Multi-Scale Modeling of Matter 3.
Prerequisite: Graduate level thermodynamics, and differential and integral calculus.

Current methods for modeling liquids, soft matter (polymers, surfactant solutions, colloids, liquid crystals, etc), nano-structured materials (nanoparticles, nano-composites, nano-porous materials, etc.), biomolecular systems, and reacting systems at the electronic, atomistic, meso-scale and continuum levels. Graduate level thermodynamics and differential and integral calculus required.

CHE 796 Special Topics In Chemical Engineering 1-6.
Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

Directed reading of chemical engineering literature, introduction to research methodology, and lectures and seminar discussion on topics which vary from term to term.

CHE 797 Chemical Engineering Projects 1-3.
Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

Independent study of some phase of chemical engineering or related field.

CHE 798 Advanced Chemical Engineering Projects 1-3.
Prerequisite: Graduate standing in CHE.

Independent study of some phase of chemical engineering or related field.

CHE 801 Seminar 1.

Weekly seminars on topics of current interest given by resident faculty members, graduate students and visiting lecturers.

CHE 810 Special Topics 1-6.

CHE 885 Doctoral Supervised Teaching 1-3.
Prerequisite: Doctoral student.

Teaching experience under the mentorship of faculty who assist the student in planning for the teaching assignment, observe and provide feedback to the student during the teaching assignment, and evaluate the student upon completion of the assignment.

CHE 890 Doctoral Preliminary Examination 1-9.
Prerequisite: Doctoral student.

For students who are preparing for and taking written and/or oral preliminary exams.

CHE 893 Doctoral Supervised Research 1-9.
Prerequisite: Doctoral student.

Instruction in research and research under the mentorship of a member of the Graduate Faculty.

CHE 895 Doctoral Dissertation Research 1-9.
Prerequisite: Doctoral student.

Dissertation research.

CHE 896 Summer Dissertation Research 1.
Prerequisite: Doctoral student.

For graduate students whose programs of work specify no formal course work during a summer session and who will be devoting full time to thesis research.

CHE 899 Doctoral Dissertation Preparation 1-9.
Prerequisite: Doctoral student.

For students who have completed all credit hour, full-time enrollment, preliminary examination, and residency requirements for the doctoral degree, and are writing and defending their dissertations.