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Department of History

http://history.chass.ncsu.edu

Withers Hall, Room 350
Phone: (919) 515-2483
Visit the Department of History's website!

The Department of History offers three undergraduate majors, a minor, an M.A. in History, an M.A. in Public History and a Ph. D. in Public History (see Graduate Catalog for advanced degrees). The departmental Honors Program provides a guided experience in undergraduate independent research and awards departmental Honors in History upon graduation. Outstanding history students are eligible for membership in Phi Alpha Theta, the professional honors society for historians.

In an ever-changing world, understanding our history becomes all the more necessary. It brings us a sense of the complexity and contingency of events. It provides us with rich and diverse perspectives. It informs us about the prevalence of unintended consequences. The Department of History at NC State brings alive the treasure of human experience and cultures, from the ancient near East to the post-Cold War world, from medieval life to modern science and technology, from the ancient Americas to the modern United States.

The History Department is a diverse group of scholars covering many areas of specialization. Faculty members have a strong record of publications, grant and fellowship awards, and public outreach. We pride ourselves on outstanding teaching, and we offer small classes that allow a great deal of individual attention. Our faculty advisors offer close contact and personal attention to each student. The History major is a place to get a "small college" education in a big state university.

The department of twenty-eight professors has about two hundred undergraduate majors. To all our majors, we offer small classes, and special fifteen-person seminars as both an introduction to historical methods and as a senior capstone experience. The programs offer a great deal of student choice in courses and electives, allowing the pursuit of either a broad educational experience or a focused study. A student could follow a particular interest in clusters of electives, such as history of race relations, law and society, or the history of science and technology.

History teaches that understanding a situation requires identifying with people who lived in other times and places. History is a discipline whose very method seeks and applies fair and appropriate norms to understand and judge human behavior. Students will learn to exercise independent judgment as well as to tolerate differences.

Opportunities

There are many reasons to major in History. Students learn how to gather the relevant facts and develop the most persuasive explanation. The critical skills learned by history majors can be used in a variety of careers. The major is an excellent preparation for the study of law. Employers tell us they want people with a deeper awareness of the changing world, combined with the ability to read, analyze, and write about its causes and outcomes. Our graduates are lawyers, business-owners, museum directors, doctors, archivists, politicians, consultants, judges, farmers, chefs, military officers, and of course teachers and professors of history. Whether or not they became historians, they use their training in historical thinking as they ask and explain why two communities or peoples failed to co-exist, a merger failed, a disease spread, an idea or faith took hold, or a relationship worked. 

Honors Program

The departmental Honors Program invites a small number of highly qualified and motivated students to pursue intensive individually directed work in history. Students are invited to enter the Honors Program (usually in the junior year). Students must take 9 hours of individual, directed study with a faculty mentor, producing an Honors Thesis of original research. These research and writing courses replace some of the advanced electives in the degree programs.

Majors in History

Bachelor of Arts in History

The degree requires 30 hours of history course work (in addition to the 6 hours required of all College of Humanities & Social Sciences majors). Required courses include the Sophomore Seminar in History (HI 300) and the capstone Seminar in History (HI 491). Breadth distribution requirements at the introductory level include a course in world history, history of Asia or Africa or Latin America, European history, and American history. At least 12 of the 30 hours must be Advanced Electives at the 400-level.

This degree allows 32 hours of free electives for a total of 122 hours.

Specific curriculum requirements are available on the Registration and Records website, under the Humanities & Social Sciences drop-down list.

Bachelor of Arts in History with a Teacher Education Concentration

The Teacher Education Concentration is a track to a B.A. in History that includes the specific history and social science courses recommended for eventual Social Studies teachers in North Carolina. Students take the full array of undergraduate requirements, but also can use free electives to begin graduate Education classes. In collaboration with the College of Education, students with a 3.5 GPA may count some of the credits from their senior year for the Master of Arts in Teaching (M.A.T.) This accelerated program is intended to be a five-year track to the M.A.T. degree. The M.A.T. is supervised and granted by the College of Education. Professional education courses, and the student teaching experience in a high school, are part of the graduate portion of the program, leading to eligibility for North Carolina certification to teach Social Studies in secondary schools in North Carolina and most other states. Holders of the M.A.T. more competitive in the teacher job market.

The degree requires 30 hours of history course work (in addition to the 6 hours required of all College of Humanities & Social Sciences majors). Required courses include the Sophomore Seminar in History (HI 300) and the capstone Seminar in History (HI 491). Breadth distribution requirements at the introductory level include both world history surveys, history of Asia or Africa or Latin America, European history, and both American history surveys. The degree requires 21 hours of social science courses. 

Specific curriculum requirements are available on the Registration and Records website, under the Humanities & Social Sciences drop-down list.

Bachelor of Science in History

The importance of science and technology in our society makes a background in science and technology valuable even for humanities majors. The B.S. degree offers a way for students to get both the analytical and writing skills that come from a history major and the technical proficiency that comes with coursework in science and engineering. This combination is very helpful in a wide variety of careers, including law, business, and public policy. This degree is particularly well suited for students transferring into history from a science or engineering major, or double-majoring with a science or engineering discipline.

The degree requires 24 hours of history course work (in addition to the 6 hours required of all College of Humanities & Social Science majors). Required courses include the Sophomore Seminar in History (HI 300) and the capstone Seminar in History (HI 491). and at least 4 other courses at the Advanced 400-level. Students work with their faculty advisor to design a 15-hour concentration in a single area of science and technology. This degree allows students to integrate a broad base in science and math with a history education.

Specific curriculum requirements are available on the Registration and Records website, under the Humanities & Social Sciences drop-down list.

Minor in History

The minor requires 18 hours of history, made up of two 200-level history courses (one in recent American or European history and one in pre-modern history or in Asian, African, or Latin American history), and four courses at the 300- or 400-level (at least two of which must be at the 400-level).

Head

D. A. Zonderman


Associate Head and Director of Undergraduate Programs

W. C. Kimler


Director of Graduate Programs

J. E. Rudolph


Director of the Public History Program

C. T. Friend


Scheduling Officer

K. Mellen Charron


Director of Undergraduate Advising

D. Bruno


Director of the Honors Program

D. R. Ambaras


Distinguished Professor

D. P. Gilmartin


Alumni Distinguished Undergraduate Professor

W. C. Kimler

D. A. Zonderman


Professors

R. S. Bassett

C. T. Friend

D. P. Gilmartin

O. J. Kalinga

A. F. Khater

M. G. Kim

K. P. Luria

N. Mitchell

S. T. Parker

J. E. Rudolph

R. W. Slatta

K. S. Vincent

D. A. Zonderman


Associate Professor

D. R. Ambaras

M. M. Booker

K. Mellen Charron

T. S. Gordon

B. L. M. Kelley

W. C. Kimler

S. M. Lee

J. L. Mell

B. S. Sirota

N. B. Strote


Assistant Professor

M. L. Cherry

F. Freitas

E. Jones

V. I. Kasper-Marienberg

J. Kertész

A. E. McGill

T. Paulette


Teaching Associate Professor

S. B. Freitag

C. C. Ludington

N. A. Robins


Teaching Assistant Professor

D. P. Bolger

J. Bonham

J. C. Boyles

M. N. Eisler

H. C. Perros

C. W. Pumphrey

K. Bowler Vincent

P. C. Van Vleck

M. L. Weisel


Emeriti Alumni Distinguished Undergraduate Professor

J. M. Riddle

K. P. Vickery


Professors Emeriti

J. R. Banker

J. E. Crisp

J. J. DeGrand

M. S. Downs

W. C. Harris

A. J. LaVopa

G. O'Brien

J. M. Riddle

R. Sack

S. Spencer

G. Surh

E. D. Sylla

HA - History of Art Courses

HA 201 History of Art From Ancient Greece Through the Renaissance 3.

Art from Ancient Greece and Rome through Italian Renaissance. Major art forms of painting, sculpture, and architecture.

HA 202 History of Art From the Renaissance Through the 20th Century 3.

Art from the Northern Renaissance in Europe through the 20th century in Europe and America: painting, sculpture and architecture recent mixed media techniques such as collage, and trottage.

HA 203 History of American Art 3.

A history of American Art (painting, sculpture and architecture) from the Colonial Period through the 20th century.

HA 240 Introduction to Visual Culture 3.
Prerequisite: Sophomore standing.

Introduction to the role of visual cultural production in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries in expressing and shaping both individual and collective identities. Case studies of imperialism, gender, and war draw from different regional histories and utilize a variety of visual genres - such as photography, popular posters, painting, advertising, and film stills - to study how visual culture can be used as evidence to understand the past, using the approaches of the disciplines of History and Art History.

HA 298 Special Topics in Art History 3.

Special topics in art history with emphasis on chronological periods such as 20th-century art of the Italian Renaissance or on fields of art such as paintings, sculpture, photography, or architecture.

HA 395 History of Art: Study Abroad 3.

Topical History of Art courses taught in NC State Study Abroad programs. (Current listings available in History Department, Study Abroad Office and CHASS Dean's Office.).

HA 401 19th Century European Art from Revolution to Post-Impressionism 3.
Prerequisite: HA 201 or HA 202.

From the politically charged art of the French Revolution, through Neo-classicism, Romanticism, Realism, Impressionism and Post-Impressionism, this course examines styles, subject matter and cultural context of the many, rapid artistic changes in the long 19th century.

HA 404 Italian Renaissance Art and Material Culture 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of HA.

From villas to teaspoons, this course investigates daily life in Renaissance Italy, 1300-1550, through the architecture, painting, sculpture, and art objects that people commissioned and used. Works of art will be analyzed in terms of style, subject matter, and historical context.

HA 410 History of the Art of Photography 3.
Prerequisite: 3 Hours of History of Art, Film, History, or Literature.

History of and the interaction between art and photography from the invention of photography to the present.

HA 498 Independent Study in History of Art 1-6.
Prerequisite: 3 hours History of Art.

Directed independent study of topics in the History of Art. Individualized/Independent Study and Research courses require a "Course Agreement for Students Enrolled in Non-Standard Courses" be completed by the student and faculty member prior to registration by the department.

HI - History Courses

HI 205 Western Civilization Since 1400 3.

A survey of Western Civilization from the Renaissance to the present.

HI 207 Ancient Mediterranean World 3.

The ancient cultures of the Middle East, Greece and Rome, including Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Hebrew, Phoenician, Greek and Roman societies and cultures.

HI 208 The Middle Ages 3.

Medieval civilization as it emerged from the declining Roman Empire through its apogee in the 13th century. The transition from the classical to the medieval world, the impact of the Germanic influx, the Islamic influence, the Crusades, and the political, economic, and social institutions of the High Middle Ages.

HI 209 From Renaissance to Revolution: The Origins of Modern Europe 3.

Exploration of the political, economic, social, and cultural history of Western Europe during an intense and exciting period of transition from a medieval to a modern world. Topics to be discussed include Renaissance art and philosophy; the printing revolution and the French Revolution; climate change and economic dislocation; witchcraze; religious reforms and religious wars; commercialization; navigation; empire; slavery; the new science; and new ideas about democracy, equality, and modernity.

HI 210 Modern Europe 1815-Present 3.

Survey of the history of European societies and political systems from 1815 to the present.

HI 214 History and Archaeology of Ancient Latin America 3.

Exploration of ancient Latin American civilizations and early Europeans in the region through archaeological and historical analysis. Major themes include migrations of people into the Western hemisphere, the rise and decline of states and empires such as the Maya, Aztecs, Moche, and Incas, inter-regional trade, development of writing and communication systems, religious ideology, social and political infrastructure and mechanisms of control. Unique cultural forms discussed include mummies, pyramids, military techniques, political propaganda, and agricultural innovation. Contemporary issues addressed include media representations of the past, indigenous rights, and looting and destruction of cultural property.

HI 215 Latin America to 1826 3.

Exploration of the pre-Hispanic indigenous roots and the colonial period in Latin America. Major themes include the origins and development of social, political, economic and religious institutions from pre-conquest times to the achievement of independence. Topics include ancient American cultures, conquest and settlement by Spain and Portugal, colonial rule in theory and practice, religious life and structures, the colonial economy and labor, and independence movements.

HI 216 Latin America Since 1826 3.

Analysis of the last two centuries of social, political, economic, and intellectual life in Latin America and the Caribbean. Course readings include primary sources, declassified CIA documents, and Latin American literature. Course themes include social and political conflicts, changing gender relations, human rights abuses, the effect of the US and global economic forces, and the impact of the growing Latino population in the US.

HI 221 British History to 1688 3.

History of the British peoples from earliest times to the Glorious Revolution. Social, political, constitutional developments; relationship between history and literature; synthesis of British cultures.

HI 222 History of British Cultures and Societies From 1688 3.

British people from Glorious Revolution to the present. Social, political, constitutional development; history and literature; growth and decline of British empire; spread of British culture.

HI 232 The World from 1200 to 1750 3.

The making of the modern world through interregional conquest and commerce from 1200 to 1750. Focus on the growing global circulation of peoples, pathogens, goods, and ideas.

HI 233 The World Since 1750 3.

This course surveys the making of the world from 1750 to the present. Topics include: the Industrial Revolution, the development of the Nation-States, the rise of European, American and Japanese Empires, WWI, inter-war reconfigurations of colonial empires, anti-colonial nationalist movements, the Great Depression, the Cold War, struggles for political and economic independence among newly independent nations, the US-dominated neo-liberal order from the 1980s to the present, and contemporary global conflicts over ethnicity, religion, resources, disease, and the environment.

HI 240 Introduction to Visual Culture 3.
Prerequisite: Sophomore standing.

Introduction to the role of visual cultural production in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries in expressing and shaping both individual and collective identities. Case studies of imperialism, gender, and war draw from different regional histories and utilize a variety of visual genres - such as photography, popular posters, painting, advertising, and film stills - to study how visual culture can be used as evidence to understand the past, using the approaches of the disciplines of History and Art History.

HI 251 Early American History 3.

Themes in early American history: colonial clash and mix of culture; generation of an American consciousness; federalism and democracy in national politics; expansion and immigration; racial and sectional division.

HI 252 American History II 3.

Themes in post-Civil War American history: impact of war on American foreign and domestic policy; the repercussions of industrialization and economic modernization; continuity and change in American institutions and values; problem solving in pluralistic society. Credit is not allowed for both HI 252 and HI 254.

HI 253 Early American History 3.

Themes in early American history with an emphasis on diversity in the U.S.; focus on colonial clash and mix of cultures, generation of an American consciousness, federalism and democracy in national politics, expansion and immigration, and racial and sectional division. Credit is not allowed for both HI 253 and HI 251.

HI 254 Modern American History 3.
X: Credit not allowed for both HI 254 and HI 252..

Major themes in modern American history with an emphasis on diversity in the United States; focuses on aspects of race/ethnicity, gender, class, sexual orientation, disability, religious and/or age identities as it considers the impacts of industrialization and economic modernization; impact of war on American domestic and foreign policy; continuity and change in American institutions and values; problem solving in a pluralistic society. Credit is not allowed for both HI 254 and HI 252.

HI 263 Asian Civilizations to 1800 3.

The history of China, India, Japan, and Southeast Asia from 500 to 1800. The making of the Asian region through the rise and fall of five great empires: the Tang, the Mongol, the Mughal, the Qing, and the British empires.

HI 264 Modern Asia: 1800 to Present 3.

Introductory survey of 19th and 20th century Asia, with attention to Japan, Southeast Asia, India and China. Emphasis on cultural and political crises of the 19th century and revolutionary transformations of the 20th century.

HI 270 Modern Middle East 3.

Social and political change in the Middle East in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Decline of the Ottoman empire, the rise of nationalism, the waxing and waning of European imperialism in the region, and the creation of modern states and societies and their ideological and economic underpinnings.

HI 275 Introduction to History of South and East Africa 3.

The African kingdoms (Lunda, Buganda, and Zulu); the European encroachment; the origins of colonialism and the character of colonial societies and economies, South African apartheid; African protest, nationalism and independence.

HI 276 Introduction to History of West Africa 3.

The history of Western Africa. Forest civilizations and the slave trade, trade and the expansion of Islam, colonialism in West Africa; African nationalism and the achievement of independence; and postcolonial West Africa.

HI 298 Special Topics in History 1-3.

Presentation of material normally not available in regular history course offerings, or offering of new introductory courses on a trial basis. Students cannot receive credit for multiple sections of HI 298 unless the topics are different.

HI 300 Sophomore Seminar in History 3.
Prerequisite: Sophomore standing, History Majors.

Introduction to the process of researching and writing history. Techniques for locating and interpreting primary sources. The craft of historical writing. Analysis and criticism of the varieties of history. Basic computer literacy: basic computingterms, electronic mail, online searching of the NCSU Libraries, use of the Internet, and word processing.

HI 305 Frauds and Mysteries of the Past 3.

Myths, mysteries, misconceptions, and hoaxes in history and archaeology. Examination of popular fascinations with the past, fallacies invoked in historical myths, and misappropriation of the past. Students learn about and implement methods and evidence used by scholars to interpret past peoples and events, logic, skepticism, and critical thinking, interpretative, and analytical skills. Students apply these skills in discussions, in-class activities, and creative assignments to debunk and disprove inaccurate and problematic claims about the past. Case studies of topics such as: stereotypes about early humans, Atlantis, mythical beasts, pyramid alignment, conspiracy theories, art fakes and forgeries, and alien visitations.

HI 307 Jewish History 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Sophomore standing.

Survey of major topics in the history of the Jews, focusing on the development of Jewish life on the European continent but also covering the patterns of migration that created a global diaspora as well as the forces that formed modern Israel.

HI 320 Religion in American History 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Sophomore standing.

Representative people, movements and thought in the major religions within the context of American society and culture.

HI 321 Ancient and Medieval Science 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Sophomore standing.

Selected topics in the history of pre-modern science are studied for both their intrinsic interest and to gain perspective on the nature of modern science. Examples are taken from pre-history, Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, Rome, Islam, and the medieval Christian West, with the possibility of comparisons to other cultures.

HI 322 Rise of Modern Science 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Sophomore standing.

Analysis of how "modern" science developed in Europe since the 1500s, exploring the foundation of the ideas, scientific practices, institutions, and cultural meaning and power of science in modern society. Examples taken from the creation of the mechanistic worldview and Newtonian science, and the development of modern disciplines such as chemistry, geology, biology, and physics.

HI 324 History of Common Law and Constitution 3.

Survey of the development of common law and constitution from the earliest Roman and Anglo-Saxon beginnings to the era of the French and American Revolutions. The focus will be on the European social, political and intellectual contexts within which Anglo-American law emerged, and the foundations of legal and constitutional principles. Topics include the origins of courts and the judiciary; the evolution of jury trial and the early history of the law of evidence; conflicts and compromised between secular and ecclesiastical law; rights and limits to property ownership at common law; and problems regarding the legal status of women, children, servants and slaves.

HI 332 Germany and the World Wars 3.
Prerequisite:3 hrs of History or Sophomore Standing.

Germany's rise as a world power in the years prior to World War i, the emergence of Adolf Hitler and national socialism, and the consequences in defeat of World War II. Topics include nationalism, industrialism and the struggle of workers, imperialism, religious minorities and racial theories, sexual revolution, democratization, international relations and war, postwar occupation and reconstruction, and popular culture in music and film.

HI 335 The World at War 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History.

Comparative history of the experience of war over time and place. Topics include the interactions between war and society; effects on combatants and non-combatants, especially women and children; and the role of technology.

HI 337 Spy vs. Spy: Cold War Intelligence History 3.

This course will examine the often deadly intelligence efforts that characterized the Cold War (USA vs. USSR) of 1945-1991. While the history of that era marks the major political, economic, and military events, much occurred in the shadows. This wide-ranging intelligence competition affected - and was affected by - both American and Russian societies and cultures. Drawing on selected readings, this course will seek to describe this struggle to know and to conceal, and offer useful context to explain how and why it influenced the course of the Cold War.

HI 338 Empire, War, and Revolution in Russia 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Sophomore standing.

Survey of Russian history since the advent of modern reform following the 1861 Serf Emancipation. The course treats the failure of an increasingly outdated monarchy to cope with the rise of an influential urban educated class, and industrial work force, and Populist and Marxist revolutionary movements. The course traces the degeneration of the 1917 socialist revolution into a hardened dictatorship which, forced by conditions outside its control, waged a destructive but victorious war, saving Europe from Nazism. It treats the 1991 Soviet collapse and the challenges and failures of the post-Stalin and post-Soviet periods.

HI 341 Technology in History 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Sophomore standing.

The role of technology in society from earliest times to the present. Major achievements in technology and an examination of the nature of invention, innovation and adaptation of technologies and their impact on Western Civilization.

HI 346 Introduction to Civil War and Reconstruction 3.

Survey of the causes, trajectories, and consequences of the American Civil War and the social, political, and economic struggles of Reconstruction with an emphasis on divisions by region as well as race, class, and gender.

HI 350 American Military History 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Sophomore standing.

American military experience and its relationship to other historical developments. Use of military force in terms of strategy and tactics and as an element in the nation's diplomatic, political, social, economic and intellectual life.

HI 351 U.S. Naval History 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Sophomore standing.

The role of the U.S. Navy in American history. Sea power, national defense and foreign policy. The impact of technology on naval warfare and the historical evolution of missions of the U.S. Navy.

HI 354 The Rise of the American Empire 3.

This course investigates the rise of the American Empire from the Spanish American War of 1898 through the 2001 attacks on the World Trade Center. The purpose of the course is not only to acquaint you with the crises and triumphs of US foreign policy from 1898 to 2001, but also to help you develop your own analysis of whether the acquisition of empire was accidental or deliberate, or a combination of both.

HI 360 U.S. Agricultural History 3.

U.S. Agricultural history from colonial era to present. Attention to the major economic, social, political, environmental and cultural forces that shaped American agriculture from the 16th century to 21st century. Discussion of the role of technological change and evolution of governmental policy in U.S. agriculture. Exposure to major episodes demonstrating fundamental changes and continuities in U.S. agriculture. Discussion of the diversity of American farmers and farmworkers and their struggles for equality and access.

HI 364 History of North Carolina 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Sophomore standing.

History of North Carolina from early European exploration to the present. Features of North Carolina society which made this state similar to and different from other southern states and the nation as a whole.

HI 365 The American West 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Sophomore standing.

A history of the American Frontier with emphasis on the trans-Mississippi West. Cycles of exploration, conquest, and exploitation of this region. Influence of the frontier in the development of the United States.

HI 366 Native American History 3.

An introductory interpretation of the varied historical experiences of many nations native to North America from the first migrations of peoples into the continent until the present, including the variety and diversity of Indian cultures and experiences; native resistance to colonialism, expansion, and U.S. federal policies; and the survival and continuity of native cultures and peoples through more than four centuries of contact, conquest, and change.

HI 370 Modern Egypt 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Sophomore standing.

Exploration of the political, socio-economic, and cultural history of Egypt from the end of the 18th century (the 1798 exploration led by Bonaparte) to the present day; including the late Ottoman period (1798-1805), the birth of the modern state (1805-1922), Egypt's liberal experiment (1922 - 1952), the Nasser era (1952-1970), the neo-liberal age (since 1970), and concluding with the January 25th Revolution. The investigation follows two main threads: the conflictual relationships that developed over the past two centuries between the state and society in all its diversity, and the continuous struggle over the definition of the Egyptian nation that these conflicts have generated.

HI 371 Modern Japan, 1850 to Present 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Sophomore standing.

Survey of Japan's emergence as a modern nation and world power. Topics include nation-state formation; modernization and its dislocations; democratization and authoritarianism; imperialism, international politics, and war; postwar reforms; changing gender relations; popular culture; and social problems.

HI 372 African-American History Through the Civil War, 1619-1865 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Sophomore standing.

African background and continuity of the particular role, experience and influence of African Americans in the United States through the Civil War.

HI 373 African-American History Since 1865 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Sophomore standing.

The history of African-Americans from the Reconstruction era through the Civil Rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s to the present.

HI 374 Visual Culture of Modern South Asia 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Art Studies or Sophomore Standing.

History of visual-cultural production in expressing and shaping socio-political configurations in the South Asian subcontinent. Treats visual evidence over 300 years to understand the integrative relationship and flow of cultural production across elite patronage and popular values through common themes and stories. Changing state formations and power relationships-- from the Mughal empire and its successor states through British imperial control and after independence-- are studied as contexts for the visual culture that emerges and changes across these time periods. Knowledge gained from HI 263 [Asian Civilizations to 1800] or HI 264 [Modern Asia] is helpful but not required.

HI 380 History of Nonprofits, Philanthropy, and Social Change 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Sophomore standing.

This course explores the historical development of nonprofits and philanthropy in the United States from the colonial period to the present: the origins of charity and philanthropy as concepts for social change and social justice, the rise of benevolent societies in the nineteenth century, the creation of philanthropic foundations and advocacy organizations in the twentieth century, and the construction of complex relationships between modern nonprofits, the state, and the private sector.

HI 381 NGO Nonprofits in a Global Context 3.
Requisite: Sophomore Standing or Above.

Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) are a crucial component and a revealing characteristic of the strength and effectiveness of a country's civil society. Examining their histories outside of the U.S. gives us a window into global culture, values, and modes of everyday life, and into notions about "charity" and "public good" in a given society. We will use India as a case study to develop a set of questions about how NGOs function in different societies, examining how researchers and activists partner with NGOs in different parts of the world to address pressing environmental, economic, social, and cultural-production issues.

HI 395 History: Study Abroad 1-3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History or Sophomore standing.

Topical History courses taught in NCSU Study Abroad programs. (Current listings available in Study Abroad Office, CHASS Dean's Office and History Department).

HI 400 Civilization of the Ancient Near East 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History.

The civilization of Mesopotamia and Egypt from earliest times to the fall of Babylon in 539 B.C. Credit for both HI 400 and HI 500 is not allowed.

HI 402 Early Christianity to the Time of Eusebius 3.
Prerequisite: One of: REL 312, REL 317, or HI 207.

Growth and diffusion of early Christianity from the end of the first century up to the time of Eusebius and the conversion of Constantine (early fourth century); Christianity in its Greco-Roman environment; Roman policy towards Christianity; heterodox Christian movements; anti-heretical writings; orthodox institutions of authority.

HI 403 Ancient Greek Civilization 3.

The history of the Hellenes from the Minoan civilization through Alexander's legacy, with readings in Herodotus and Thucydides. Credit will not be given for both HI 403 and HI 503.

HI 404 Rome to 337 A.D. 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

The development of ancient Rome from its origins in Italy, through the rise as an Empire embracing the entire Mediterranean World and Western Europe, to Constantine, Christianity and the foundation of Constantinople. Examines critically the political achievement of a people who rose from an obscure Italian city to a world empire, with emphasis on the analysis of primary sources. Credit will not be given for both HI 404 and HI 504.

HI 405 History and Archaeology of the Roman Empire 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

Analysis of Rome's rule over the Mediterranean World in the first four centuries A.D. through the use of literary and archaelologic sources. Special emphasis on imperial army and frontier security. Credit will not be given for both H1 405 and H1 505.

HI 406 From Roman Empire to Middle Ages 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

Late Antiquity and the early Middle Ages. The transition from classical civilization to the basis of modern civilizations; the fall of Rome, the Germanic kingdoms, Byzantium, the establishment of Christianity, the birth and growth of Islam. Credit will not be given for both HI 406 and HI 506.

HI 407 Islamic History to 1798 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs HI or REL 300 or above.

The history of the Islamic Near East to 1798. Topics include the East Mediterranean before Islam, Muhammad and the development of Islam, sources of Muslim civilization, Islamic law, science, philosophy, art and architecture, Islam in Spain, India, Asia and Africa, the Crusades, the Ottomans, Islam and Europe. Credit will not be given for both REL/HI 407 and REL/HI 507.

HI 408 Islam in the Modern World 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of history or religious studies.

Evolution of modern Islam from 17th century to the present. Primary emphasis on North Africa, the Middle East and South Asia. Pre-modern Islamicate empires, reform and revival. Historical origins of current issues in the Islamic world.Students cannot receive credit for both REL/HI 408 and REL/HI 508.

HI 409 The High Middle Ages 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

Medieval culture from 10th through 13th centuries: revival of the Roman Empire, monastic and papal reform, rise of universities, evolution of representative bodies, the Gothic style, troubadour and goliardic poetry, scholasticism, and revival of Roman law. Credit will not be given for both HI 409 and HI 509.

HI 410 Italian Renaissance 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

Renaissance humanism, an educational ideal and an awareness of man as the sole creator in the historical world, is examined in its relationship to the Italian republics and princedoms of the 14th through the 16th century. Credit will not be given for both HI 410 and HI 510.

HI 411 Trials of Faith: Religious Reformation in Early-Modern Europe 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

Examination of the great disruption in European civilization associated with the Protestant and Catholic Reformations. The course considers the new religious ideas and practices associated with the Reformations and transformation they produced in European political and economic life; the violence they provoked; the new thinking about families and gender roles they encouraged, the spread of European religions around the globe with European voyages of discovery and conquest, and the beginning of ideas about religious toleration. Credit will not be given for both HI 411 and HI 511.

HI 412 The Sexes and Society in Early-Modern Europe 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

Examination of changes in gender relations; ideas about the sexes, femininity, and masculinity; the roles of women and men in political, religious, economic, scientific, and family life in Europe between the late Middle Ages and the French Revolution. Credit for HI 412 and HI 512 is not allowed.

HI 414 From Kings to Revolution: The History of Early-Modern France 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

Examination of the most politically powerful and culturally dominant kingdom in early-modern Europe, which dissolved into a revolution that destroyed its monarchy while establishing ideas about democracy and equality. From the glories of the Versailles palace to the misery of peasant villages, topics include the beginnings of the French state and nation in the warfare and religious conflicts of 1500s, political and economic developments, the growth of an internationally influential French culture, religious change, controversies over gender roles, and the origins of the French Revolution. Credit will not be given for both HI 414 and HI 514.

HI 415 The French Revolution 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

Broadly based analysis of France's first revolutionary era; the enlightenment and its impact, the causes and character of the Revolution in France; impact of these events in France and Europe. Credit will not be given for both HI 415 and HI 515.

HI 418 Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

Fascism as a theoretical concept, rise of fascism in Italy and Germany, seizure of power by Mussolini and Hitler, organization of the economy, churches, military, women, youth, and culture under the dictatorships. Students will not receive credit for both HI 418 and HI 518.

HI 419 Modern European Imperialism 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

Historical background of European overseas expansion; its impact on the economics, politics and culture of both Europe and the colonized world; the significance of imperialism and anti-colonial nationalism in shaping the modern world. Credit will not be given for both HI 419 and HI 519.

HI 421 European Intellectual History: The Eighteenth Century 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

Historical examination of some of the major figures of the European Enlightenment, beginning with Locke and ending with Kant. Credit will not be given for both HI 421 and HI 521.

HI 422 European Intellectual History: The 19th Century 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

Historical examination of some of the major figures of European thought during the 19th century, beginning with the enthusiasm of the period of the French Revolution and ending with the disillusionment of the fin de siecle. Credit will not be given for both HI 422 and HI 522.

HI 423 Women in European Enlightenment 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

Historical analysis of feminist thought and action during the Enlightenment of the 1700s. Topics include women's role in the development of Western knowledge and science, historical construction of the gendered "nature" of women, education and political resources available to women, and their strategies for emancipation. Credit will not be given for both HI 423 and HI 523.

HI 425 Tudor and Stuart England 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

British history from the Reformation through the Civil War. Emphasis on key developments in social, political and economic life: The development of a new concept of kingship, the growing independence of Parliament, the search for religious uniformity and the changing status of the aristocracy and gentry. Credit will not be given for both HI 425 and HI 525.

HI 429 20th Century Britain 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History.

British political, social and economic history since 1914, with reference to the effects of two world wars, the growth of the Welfare State, Britain's decline as a power, and its search for a new role in the world. Credit will not be given for both HI 429 and HI 529.

HI 430 Modern France 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

French history from the downfall of Napoleon I to the present, with a short introductory survey of the Old Regime and the French Revolution. Cultural, social and economic developments and political trends. Credit will not be given for both HI 430 and HI 530.

HI 437 Topics in Central and East European History 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

Topical focus on specific problems and events occurring in the region in and between Germany and Russia in modern history. The course is designed to expose advanced undergraduates, principally history majors, to intensive reading, writing, and discussion of focused topics in the subject area. Previous modern European history credit is advised. This course is repeatable once for credit when offered with a different topic.

HI 440 American Environmental History 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History.

Interactions between humans and their environments in America; environmental focus on themes in American history such as colonial settlement, industrialization, progressivism, the New Deal, the 1960s. Credit will not be given for both HI 440 and HI 540.

HI 441 Colonial and Revolutionary U.S 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

Origins of the English colonies in America to the American Revolution. European background to colonization, merging of different cultures, effects of mercantile doctrine, causes of revolution. Credit will not be given for both HI 441 and HI 541.

HI 442 Creating the Constitution : Origins and Development 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History.

Analysis of state and federal constitutions developed in the United States after 1776. Theories behind a federal constitution; the Philadelphia Convention of 1787; the ratification debate; and the bill of rights. Credit will not be given for both HI 442 and HI 542.

HI 443 U.S. Constitutional History to 1883 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

This course examines the origins and development of the U. S. Constitution from the Articles of Confederation to 1883. The course specifically looks at the federal Convention of 1787, the national bank debate and early constitutional interpretation;the constitution and its interaction with politics, economics, and society; the powers of Congress-taxation, contracts, commerce and war. The course also examines sovereignty, slavery and civil rights. It ends with an analysis of the Civil War Amendments and the transformation in American constitutionalism. Credit for both HI 443 and HI 543 is not allowed.

HI 444 U.S. Constitutional History Since 1870 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

Examines the transformation of American Constitutional thought after the Civil War; the triumph of nationalism and the evolution of a new federal theory; the rise and fall of federal protections of civil rights in the late 19th-century and the CivilRights Revolution in the 20th century. Explores key concepts as civil liberties, judicial activism and judicial restraint; procedural and substantive due process, liberty of contracts and entrepreneurial liberty, Japanese internment, privacy, women and gender issues; explores free speech, religious freedom, civil liberties. Credit for both HI 444 and HI 544 is not allowed.

HI 445 Early American Frontier 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

Examines the social, political, and cultural development of the eastern American frontiers between the early seventeenth and mid-nineteenth centuries. Addresses the relationships between settlers and environments, settlers and Native Americans. Explores the structure and life of pioneer families, the development of new institutions, the role of governments in regulating settlements, and the evolution of the "frontier myth." Credit cannot be given for both HI 445 and HI 545.

HI 446 Civil War and Reconstruction 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

Examination of the historiography of the American Civil War and Reconstruction. Topics include the origins of the war, military strategy, the northern and southern homefront, nationalism and citizenship, slavery and freed labor, changing gender roles and ideologies, struggles over racial inequality, and conservatism and radicalism during Reconstruction. Credit will not be given for both HI 446 and HI 546.

HI 447 History of American Women to 1900 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History.

The historical experience of women in America from the colonial period to 1890. Women's work, education, legal and political status, religious experience, and sex roles: age, class, race, sexual preference, and region as significant variables in women's experience. Credit will not be given for both HI (WGS) 447 and HI (WGS) 547.

HI 448 American Women in the Twentieth Century 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

Women's historical experience in America, 1890-1990. Changes in women's work, education, legal and political status, and sex roles, age, class, race, sexual preference and region as significant variables in women's experience.Credit will not be given for both HI (WGS) 448 and HI (WGS) 548.

HI 449 U.S. Labor to 1900 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

This course explores the history of work, workers, and working-class life and labor in the United States from the founding of the first European colonies to the beginning of the twentieth century: bound and free labor in colonial America, the transformation of urban worklife in the decades preceding the Civil War, slavery and class formation in the antebellum South, the effects of immigration on American workers, and the impact of race and gender on workers' solidarity. Credit will not be given for both HI 449 and HI 549.

HI 450 U.S. Labor Since 1900 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

This course explores the history of work, workers, and working class organizations in the twentieth century United States; with particular attention to three core issues in twentieth-century American labor history: whether the US South has a particular form of labor history; the historical struggle for workersÀ rights to collectively act and protest; and the intersections between race, ethnicity, immigration and labor in the twentieth-century US. Credit will not be given for both HI 450 and HI 550.

HI 451 The Vietnam War 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History.

The Vietnam War in Vietnamese historical context. A study of major works on the legacy of French colonialism; the growth of Vietnamese radicalism and communism; World War II and the Vietnamese Revolution; the French Indochina War and political division; nation building in north and south Vietnam; conflict between north and south; American intervention; and the memory of war in Vietnam. Credit for both HI 451 and HI 551 is not allowed.

HI 452 Recent America 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

Examination of contemporary opinions and historical interpretations of major problems in American life since 1939, including World War II, its social and economic consequences; Korea and the Cold War, big business and labor; civil rights and feminist movements; countercultures, Vietnam and Watergate. Credit will not be given both for HI 452 and HI 552.

HI 453 United States-Latin American Relations Since 1823 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

Critical analysis of the last two centuries of relations between the US and Latin America. Exploration of major policies using primary sources and declassified CIA documents. Major themes include US economic, political, and military influence, covert and overt US interventions, and response by Latin American governments. Historical perspectives on contemporary inter-American problems on drugs, environment, debt crisis, human rights abuses, and the impact of the Latino population in the U.S. Credit will not be given both for HI 453 and HI 553.

HI 454 History of U.S. Foreign Relations, 1900-Present 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

America's emergence as a world power; American diplomatic history since 1900; the expansion of American economic and cultural relations; the evolution of the American foreign policy bureaucracy; and the historical forces and personalities that have shaped American relations with other nations. Credit for both HI 454 and HI 554 will not be allowed.

HI 455 History of the Civil Rights Movement 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

The black revolution; stages and leaders of the movement; successes and failures in the fight for desegregation, the vote, and economic opportunity; impact of Civil Rights movement on the United States. Credit will not be given both for HI (AFS) 455 and HI 555.

HI 456 Early American Thought 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History.

American intellectual history to 1865. Influence of reformation, enlightenment, scientific revolution, capitalism and romanticism on social and political order. Credit will not be given for both HI 456 and HI 556.

HI 457 Twentieth-Century U.S. Intellectual History 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

American intellectuals and their views on 20th-century topics such as politics, culture, race and gender in historical context. Credit for both HI 457 and HI 557 is not allowed.

HI 458 American Historical Biography 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

Learn about the past through the eyes of those who made it. This course explores the multiple ways that historical biographers construct narratives of an individual life and how these relate to broader themes in American history. Credit will not be given for both HI 458 and HI 558.

HI 459 The Early American Republic 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

Examines the social, political, and cultural development of the Early Republic, the period in American history roughly from the Revolutionary War through the Administration of John Quincy Adams. Employs the life of Thomas Jefferson-the quintessential American, as the foundation for delving into the historical problems, interpreting primary sources, and analyzing secondary sources. encourages graduate students to analyze the ways in which historiographic debates complicate our understanding of the Early American Republic. Credit will not be given for both HI 459 and HI 559.

HI 461 Civilization of the Old South 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

The distinctive features of the Old South as part of the regional development of United States history. Consideration of colonial factors in the making of the South, development of the plantation system and slavery, Southern social order, intellectual and cultural life, economic development, and rise of Southern nationalism. Credit will not be given for both HI 461 and HI 561.

HI 462 Southern History since the Civil War 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History.

Exploration of many American "Souths" from Reconstruction to the present. How race/ethnicity, gender, class, geography, sexuality, and culture inform "Southern" identity; major political and economic changes; and the region's relationship to the nation and the world. Credit will not be given for HI 462 and HI 562.

HI 465 Oil and Crisis in the Gulf 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

Historical roots and development of the Persian Gulf region from the late nineteenth century until the present with an emphasis on the social, economic, cultural and political transformations following the discovery of oil, and subsequent events such as the Arab Oil embargo of 1973, the Iranian Revolution, the Iran-Iraq war, and the two Gulf wars.

HI 466 History of the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

Historical roots and development of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict from the late nineteenth century until the present through the study of the history and historiography of Zionism, Palestinian nationalism, creation of the state of Israel, establishment of settlements, conflicts and peace negotiations, as well as a study of the impact of this conflict on both Israeli and Palestinian societies, economies and cultures.

HI 467 Modern Mexico 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History.

Major developments in Mexican national life since 1821. The 19th century: the era of Santa Anna, the war with the United States, the Reform, the French intervention, and the dictatorship of Profirio Diaz. The 1910 Revolution and the resulting transformation of Mexico's political, social and economic institutions. Reading knowledge of Spanish helpful but not required.

HI 469 Latin American Revolutions in the Twentieth Century 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

Comparative analysis of causes, participants, process, and outcome of revolutions in Mexico, Bolivia, Cuba, and Central America. Credit for both HI 469 and HI 569 will not be given.

HI 470 Exploring World History 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History.

Introduction to the methods, themes, and narratives of world history. As a distinct approach to historical study, world history focuses on dynamic connections and relationships among regions of the world and the variety of global processes - related to trade, religion, production, consumption, migration, imperialism, disease, and technologies - that connected them. The course is a suggested elective for future teachers who will teach world history in high school.

HI 471 Revolutionary China 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

China 1900 to present. Examination of political, cultural, and socio-economic revolutionary phases of China's 20th-century transformation from traditional empire to communism. Particular attention to post-1949 problems of nation-building. Credit will not be given for both HI 471 and HI 571.

HI 473 Japan's Empire in Asia, 1868-1945 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

An advanced survey of Japanese relations with Asia in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Structures and ideologies of imperialism and colonialism; modernization, nationalism and social change; migration and mobility; resistance and collaboration; and legacies of empire. Credit will not be given for both HI 473 and HI 573.

HI 474 Modern India 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History.

The history of the Indian sub-continent, from the 16th century to the present. Focus on political, economic and cultural change under the Mughal Empire and the British Raj; the problems of independent India, Pakistan and Bangladesh.

HI 475 History of the Republic of South Africa 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History.

Evolution of the Republic of South Africa's society, with emphasis on the interaction of diverse peoples and cultures. Particular attention is given to the period since 1870. Credit will not be given for both HI (AFS) 475 and HI 575.

HI 476 Leadership in Modern Africa 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History.

Recent sub-Saharan African political history (excluding South Africa). Overview of concepts, vocabulary, historical trends. Detailed examination of specific African countries as case studies, such as Ghana, Nigeria, Zimbabwe, Tanzania. Credit will not be given for both HI (AFS) 476 and HI 576.

HI 477 Women in the Middle East 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History.

The varied forces influencing lives of women in Middle East from beginning of Islam to present.

HI 478 Islam and Christianity in Sub-Saharan Africa 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History.

Expansion and interaction of Islam and Christianity in sub-Saharan Africa in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and their influence and impact on the economy, politics, and society. Topics include missionary activity, resistance to imperial authority, the role of the churches, and the influence of religion on leadership, education, nationalism, and post-colonialism. Credit will not be given for both HI 478 and HI 578.

HI 479 Africa (sub-Saharan) in the Twentieth Century 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History.

Developments in sub-Saharan Africa during the colonial period, from the end of the nineteenth century to the advent of decolonization in the early 1960s. Interplay of political, social, economic and cultural factors in the experiences of African peoples during this period. Credit will not be given for both HI (AFS) 479 and HI 579.

HI 481 History of the Life Sciences 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

Historical context of the individuals, ideas, scientific practices, and social goals that created the core concepts of the modern biological sciences, from Renaissance medicine to molecular biology, with a focus on interconnections of the scientific knowledge and perspective of the life sciences with other aspects of culture, including other sciences, views about nature and life, religious belief, medical practice, and agriculture. Topics include the development of biological experiments; theories of ecology and evolution; the chemical understanding of health, food, and drugs; and the modern molecular revolution. Credit will not be given for both HI 481 and HI 581.

HI 482 Darwinism in Science and Society 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

Scientific development of Darwinism and its reception by the scientific community and the general public. Social impact of theories of evolution as reflected in Social Darwinism, eugenics, sociobiology, and relationship of sciences to ethics and religion. Credit will not be given both for HI 482 and HI 582.

HI 483 Science and Religion in European History 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

Are science and religion inherently in conflict with each other? Historical analysis of the idea of the Àwarfare between religion and science,À treating their complex relationship and respective cultural authority before 1800, including the relationship of science and religion in Europe during periods of the Reformation, the creation of early modern states, and the Enlightenment of the 1700s. Topics include visions of nature and utopias, the creation of mechanistic science in the 1600s, and natural theology. Credit will not be given for both HI 483 and HI 583.

HI 484 Science in European Culture 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

The role of science in shaping early modern European identity, culture and polity in the 1600s and 1700s. Drawing on documents and material culture, topics include the meaning of natural wonders, explorations, travel literature, instruments and mapping, colonies and empire, and universal expos. Credit will not be given for both HI 484 and HI 584.

HI 485 History of American Technology 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History.

Technology in American history: the ideological, social, economic, and institutional contexts of technological change from the 1760's to the present. Impacts of new technological systems. Credit will not be given for both HI 485 and HI 585.

HI 486 Science and Empire 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History.

The development of European science in the context of world exploration, global commercial expansion, local knowledge, and visions of colonization and empire. Credit will not be given for both HI 486 and HI 586.

HI 491 Seminar in History 3.
Prerequisite:HI 300 and 18 hours of History.

Detailed investigation of selected topics in history. Consult Department of History for specific topics.

HI 495 Honors Research in History I 2.
Prerequisite: Senior in History Honors Program.

Preparation of the honors thesis. Topics and procedures to be determined by the student and the supervising faculty member. Individualized/Independent Study and Research courses require a Course Agreement for Students Enrolled in Non-Standard Courses be completed by the student and faculty member prior to registration by the department.

HI 496 Honors Research in History II 4.
Prerequisite: HI 495, Senior in History Honors Program.

Completion of the honors thesis. Topics and procedures to be determined by the student and the supervising faculty member. Individualized/Independent Study and Research courses require a Course Agreement for Students Enrolled in Non-Standard Courses be completed by the student and faculty member prior to registration by the department.

HI 498 Independent Study in History 1-6.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History.

Extensive readings on predetermined topics focused around a central theme. Permission of the department is required. Individualized/Independent Study and Research courses require a "Course Agreement for Students Enrolled in Non-Standard Courses" be completed by the student and faculty member prior to registration by the department.

HI 499 Special Topics in History 1-3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History.

Timely topical courses or experimental course offerings in advanced historical study.

HI 500 Civilization of the Ancient Near East 3.

The civilization of Mesopotamia and Egypt from earliest times to the fall of Babylon in 539 B.C. Credit for both HI 400 and HI 500 is not allowed.

HI 503 Ancient Greek Civilization 3.

The history of the Hellenes from the Minoan civilization through Alexander's legacy, with readings in Herodotus and Thucydides. Credit will not be given for both HI 403 and HI 503.

HI 504 Rome to 337 A.D. 3.

The development of ancient Rome from its origins in Italy, through the rise as an Empire embracing the entire Mediterranean World and Western Europe, to Constantine, Christianity and the foundation of Constantinople. Examines critically the political achievement of a people who rose from an obscure Italian city to a world empire, with emphasis on the analysis of primary sources. Credit will not be given for both HI 404 and HI 504.

HI 505 History and Archaeology of the Roman Empire 3.

Analysis of Rome's rule over the Mediterranean World in the first four centuries A.D. through the use of literary and archaelologic sources. Special emphasis on imperial army and frontier security. Credit will not be given for both H1 405 and H1 505.

HI 506 From Roman Empire to Middle Ages 3.

Late Antiquity and the early Middle Ages. The transition from classical civilization to the basis of modern civilizations; the fall of Rome, the Germanic kingdoms, Byzantium, the establishment of Christianity, the birth and growth of Islam. Credit will not be given for both HI 406 and HI 506.

HI 507 Islamic History to 1798 3.
Prerequisite: Graduate Standing.

The history of the Islamic Near East to 1798. Topics include the East Mediterranean before Islam, Muhammad and the development of Islam, sources of Muslim civilization, Islamic law, science, philosophy, art and architecture, Islam in Spain, India, Asia and Africa, the Crusades, the Ottomans, Islam and Europe. Credit will not be given for both REL/HI 407 and REL/HI 507.

HI 508 Islam in the Modern World 3.
Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

Evolution of modern Islam from 17th century to the present. Primary emphasis on North Africa, the Middle East and South Asia. Pre-modern Islamicate empires, reform and revival. Historical origins of current issues in the Islamic world.Students cannot receive credit for both REL/HI 408 and REL/HI 508.

HI 509 The High Middle Ages 3.

Medieval culture from 10th through 13th centuries: revival of the Roman Empire, monastic and papal reform, rise of universities, evolution of representative bodies, the Gothic style, troubadour and goliardic poetry, scholasticism, and revival of Roman law. Credit will not be given for both HI 409 and HI 509.

HI 511 Trials of Faith: Religious Reformation in Early-Modern Europe 3.

Examination of the great disruption in European civilization associated with the Protestant and Catholic Reformations. The course considers the new religious ideas and practices associated with the Reformations and transformation they produced in European political and economic life; the violence they provoked; the new thinking about families and gender roles they encouraged, the spread of European religions around the globe with European voyages of discovery and conquest, and the beginning of ideas about religious toleration. Credit will not be given for both HI 411 and HI 511.

HI 512 The Sexes and Society in Early-Modern Europe 3.

Examination of changes in gender relations; ideas about the sexes, femininity, and masculinity; the roles of women and men in political, religious, economic, scientific, and family life in Europe between the late Middle Ages and the French Revolution. Credit for HI 412 and HI 512 is not allowed.

HI 514 From Kings to Revolution: The History of Early-Modern France 3.

Examination of the most politically powerful and culturally dominant kingdom in early-modern Europe, which dissolved into a revolution that destroyed its monarchy while establishing ideas about democracy and equality. From the glories of the Versailles palace to the misery of peasant villages, topics include the beginnings of the French state and nation in the warfare and religious conflicts of 1500s, political and economic developments, the growth of an internationally influential French culture, religious change, controversies over gender roles, and the origins of the French Revolution. Credit will not be given for both HI 414 and HI 514.

HI 515 The French Revolution 3.

Broadly based analysis of France's first revolutionary era; the enlightenment and its impact, the causes and character of the Revolution in France; impact of these events in France and Europe. Credit will not be given for both HI 415 and HI 515.

HI 518 Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany 3.
Prerequisite: 6 hours of Advanced History.

Fascism as a theoretical concept, rise of fascism in Italy and Germany, seizure of power by Mussolini and Hitler, organization of the economy, churches, military, women, youth, and culture under the dictatorships. Students will not receive credit for both HI 418 and HI 518.

HI 519 Modern European Imperialism 3.
Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

Historical background of European overseas expansion; its impact on the economics, politics and culture of both Europe and the colonized world; the significance of imperialism and anti-colonial nationalism in shaping the modern world. Credit will not be given for both HI 419 and HI 519.

HI 521 European Intellectual History: The Eighteenth Century 3.

Historical examination of some of the major figures of the European Enlightenment, beginning with Locke and ending with Kant. Credit will not be given for both HI 421 and HI 521.

HI 522 European Intellectual History: The 19th Century 3.

Historical examination of some of the major figures of European thought during the 19th century, beginning with the enthusiasm of the period of the French Revolution and ending with the disillusionment of the fin de siecle. Credit will not be given for both HI 422 and HI 522.

HI 523 Women in European Enlightenment 3.

Historical analysis of feminist thought and action during the Enlightenment of the 1700s. Topics include women's role in the development of Western knowledge and science, historical construction of the gendered "nature" of women, education and political resources available to women, and their strategies for emancipation. Credit will not be given for both HI 423 and HI 523.

HI 525 Tudor and Stuart England 3.

British history from the Reformation through the Civil War. Emphasis on key developments in social, political and economic life: The development of a new concept of kingship, the growing independence of Parliament, the search for religious uniformity and the changing status of the aristocracy and gentry. Credit will not be given for both HI 425 and HI 525.

HI 530 Modern France 3.

French history from the downfall of Napoleon I to the present, with a short introductory survey of the Old Regime and the French Revolution. Cultural, social and economic developments and political trends. Credit will not be given for both HI 430 and HI 530.

HI 533 Theory and Practice of Oral History 3.

Explores the practice of oral history. Examines historical works drawn primarily from oral sources. Teaches students to design and implement oral history projects based on independent research.

HI 534 Theory and Practice of Digital History 3.

Introduces students to the theory and practice of digital history. Students will examine theoretical scholarship on digital practices in history, exploring issues of capacity, accessibility, interactivity, and hypertextuality. Students will critique examples of digital history including digital archives, exhibits, scholarships, and teaching resources, and then apply conceptual knowledge in the creation of their own digital history projects. Graduate standing or PBS status.

HI 539 History Of the Soviet Union and After 3.

History of the Soviet state and society from the 1917 Revolution, including post-Soviet situation. Political disarray and resistance to the Bolshevik regime, 1917-21; industrialization, urbanization and application of coercive techniques of rule; popular reconciliation with Party state and great power status during World War II and after; fate of non-Russian nationalities; de-Stalinization, stagnation and failed attempt at Party renewal after 1985. Credit for both HI 439 and HI 539 is not allowed.

HI 540 American Environmental History 3.
Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

Interactions between humans and their environments in America; environmental focus on themes in American history such as colonial settlement, industrialization, progressivism, the New Deal, the 1960s. Credit will not be given for both HI 440 and HI 540.

HI 541 Colonial and Revolutionary U.S 3.
Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

Origins of the English colonies in America to the American Revolution. European background to colonization, merging of different cultures, effects of mercantile doctrine, causes of revolution. Credit will not be given for both HI 441 and HI 541.

HI 542 Creating the Constitution : Origins and Development 3.
Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

Analysis of state and federal constitutions developed in the United States after 1776. Theories behind a federal constitution; the Philadelphia Convention of 1787; the ratification debate; and the bill of rights. Credit will not be given for both HI 442 and HI 542.

HI 543 U.S. Constitutional History to 1883 3.
Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

This course examines the origins and development of the U. S. Constitution from the Articles of Confederation to 1883. The course specifically looks at the federal Convention of 1787, the national bank debate and early constitutional interpretation;the constitution and its interaction with politics, economics, and society; the powers of Congress-taxation, contracts, commerce and war. The course also examines sovereignty, slavery and civil rights. It ends with an analysis of the Civil War Amendments and the transformation in American constitutionalism. Credit for both HI 443 and HI 543 is not allowed.

HI 544 US Constitutional History Since 1870 3.
Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

Examines the transformation of American constitutional thought after the Civil War; the triumph of nationalism and the evolution of a new federal theory; the rise and fall of federal protections of civil rights. Explores key concepts such as civil liberties, judicial activism and judicial restraint; analyzes procedural and substantive due process, liberty of contracts and entrepreneurial liberty; evaluates Japanese internment, privacy, gender equality, free speech, religious freedom, civil liberties. credit not given for both HI 444 and 544.

HI 545 Early American Frontier 3.

Examines the social, political, and cultural development of the eastern American frontiers between the early seventeenth and mid-nineteenth centuries. Addresses the relationships between settlers and environments, settlers and Native Americans. Explores the structure and life of pioneer families, the development of new institutions, the role of governments in regulating settlements, and the evolution of the "frontier myth." Credit cannot be given for both HI 445 and HI 545.

HI 546 Civil War and Reconstruction 3.

Examination of the historiography of the American Civil War and Reconstruction. Topics include the origins of the war, military strategy, the northern and southern homefront, nationalism and citizenship, slavery and freed labor, changing gender roles and ideologies, struggles over racial inequality, and conservatism and radicalism during Reconstruction. Credit will not be given for both HI 446 and HI 546.

HI 547 History of American Women to 1900 3.
Prerequisite: 6 hours of Advanced History.

The historical experience of women in America from the colonial period to 1890. Women's work, education, legal and political status, religious experience, and sex roles: age, class, race, sexual preference, and region as significant variables in women's experience. Credit will not be given for both HI (WGS) 447 and HI (WGS) 547.

HI 548 American Women in the Twentieth Century 3.

Women's historical experience in America, 1890-1990. Changes in women's work, education, legal and political status, and sex roles, age, class, race, sexual preference and region as significant variables in women's experience.Credit will not be given for both HI (WGS) 448 and HI (WGS) 548.

HI 549 U.S. Labor to 1900 3.
Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

This course explores the history of work, workers, and working-class life and labor in the United States from the founding of the first European colonies to the beginning of the twentieth century: bound and free labor in colonial America, the transformation of urban worklife in the decades preceding the Civil War, slavery and class formation in the antebellum South, the effects of immigration on American workers, and the impact of race and gender on workers' solidarity. Credit will not be given for both HI 449 and HI 549.

HI 550 U. S. Labor Since 1900 3.
Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

This course explores the history of work, workers, and working class organizations in the twentieth century United States; with particular attention to three core issues in twentieth-century American labor history: whether the US South has a particular form of labor history; the historical struggle for workersÀ rights to collectively act and protest; and the intersections between race, ethnicity, immigration and labor in the twentieth-century US. Credit for both HI 450 and HI 550 is not allowed.

HI 551 The Vietnam War 3.
Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

The Vietnam War in Vietnamese historical context. A study of major works on the legacy of French colonialism; the growth of Vietnamese radicalism and communism; World War II and the Vietnamese Revolution; the French Indochina War and political division; nation building in north and south Vietnam; conflict between north and south; American intervention; and the memory of war in Vietnam. Credit for both HI 451 and HI 551 is not allowed.

HI 552 Recent America 3.

Examination of contemporary opinions and historical interpretations of major problems in American life since 1939, including World War II, its social and economic consequences; Korea and the Cold War, big business and labor; civil rights and feminist movements; countercultures, Vietnam and Watergate. Credit will not be given both for HI 452 and HI 552.

HI 553 United States-Latin American Relations Since 1823 3.

Critical analysis of the last two centuries of relations between the US and Latin America. Exploration of major policies using primary sources and declassified CIA documents. Major themes include US economic, political, and military influence, covert and overt US interventions, and response by Latin American governments. Historical perspectives on contemporary inter-American problems on drugs, environment, debt crisis, human rights abuses, and the impact of the Latino population in the U.S. Credit will not be given both for HI 453 and HI 553.

HI 554 History Of U. S. Foreign Relations, 1900-Present 3.

American diplomatic history since 1900; the expansion of American economic and cultural relations; the evolution of the American foreign policy bureaucracy; and the historical forces and personalities that shaped American relations with other nations. Credit for both HI 454 and HI 554 is not allowed.

HI 555 History of the Civil Rights Movement 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

The black revolution; stages and leaders of the movement; successes and failures in the fight for desegregation, the vote, and economic opportunity; impact of Civil Rights movement on the United States. Credit will not be given both for HI (AFS) 455 and HI 555.

HI 556 Early American Thought 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History.

American intellectual history to 1865. Influence of reformation, enlightenment, scientific revolution, capitalism and romanticism on social and political order. Credit will not be given for both HI 456 and HI 556.

HI 557 Twentieth-Century U.S. Intellectual History 3.

American intellectuals and their views on 20th-century topics such as politics, culture, race and gender in historical context. Credit for both HI 457 and HI 557 is not allowed.

HI 558 American Historical Biography 3.

Learn about the past through the eyes of those who made it. This course explores the multiple ways that historical biographers construct narratives of an individual life and how these relate to broader themes in American history. Credit will not be given for both HI 458 and HI 558.

HI 559 The Early American Republic 3.

Examines the social, political, and cultural development of the Early Republic, the period in American history roughly from the Revolutionary War through the Administration of John Quincy Adams. Employs the life of Thomas Jefferson-the quintessential American, as the foundation for delving into the historical problems, interpreting primary sources, and analyzing secondary sources. encourages graduate students to analyze the ways in which historiographic debates complicate our understanding of the Early American Republic. Credit will not be given for both HI 459 and HI 559.

HI 561 Civilization of the Old South 3.

The distinctive features of the Old South as part of the regional development of United States history. Consideration of colonial factors in the making of the South, development of the plantation system and slavery, Southern social order, intellectual and cultural life, economic development, and rise of Southern nationalism. Credit will not be given for both HI 461 and HI 561.

HI 562 Southern History since the Civil War 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of History.

Exploration of many American "Souths" from Reconstruction to the present. How race/ethnicity, gender, class, geography, sexuality, and culture inform "Southern" identity; major political and economic changes; and the region's relationship to the nation and the world. Credit will not be given for HI 462 and HI 562.

HI 563 Topics in History and Memory 3.

Explores how "collective memory" develops. Examines how memory is represented through public speeches, civic celebrations, monuments and memorials, and other forms of popular and political culture. Analyzes what is recalled, what is forgotten, and who decides. Asks why memory is made public.May be repeated for credit with a different topic.

HI 566 Readings in Native American History 3.

Readings in the varied historical experiences of nations native to North America from the first migrations of peoples into the continent until the present, including the variety and diversity of native cultures and experiences; native resistance to colonialism, expansion, and U.S. federal policies; and the survival and continuity of native cultures and peoples through more than four centuries of contact, conquest, and change.

HI 569 Latin American Revolutions in the Twentieth Century 3.

Comparative analysis of causes, participants, process, and outcome of revolutions in Mexico, Bolivia, Cuba, and Central America. Credit for both HI 469 and HI 569 will not be given.

HI 571 Revolutionary China 3.

China 1900 to present. Examination of political, cultural, and socio-economic revolutionary phases of China's 20th-century transformation from traditional empire to communism. Particular attention to post-1949 problems of nation-building. Credit will not be given for both HI 471 and HI 571.

HI 572 The Rise of Modern Japan, 1850-Present 3.
Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

Japan's emergence as a modern nation and world power. Topics include nation-state formation; modernization and its dislocations; democratization and authoritarianism; imperialism, international politics, and war; postwar reforms; changing gender relations; popular culture; and social problems. Credit will not be given for both HI 472 and HI 572.

HI 573 Japan's Empire in Asia, 1868-1945 3.
Prerequisite: 6 hours of advanced history.

An advanced survey of Japanese relations with Asia in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Structures and ideologies of imperialism and colonialism; modernization, nationalism and social change; migration and mobility; resistance and collaboration; and legacies of empire. Credit will not be given for both HI 473 and HI 573.

HI 575 History of the Republic of South Africa 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hrs. of History.

Evolution of the Republic of South Africa's society, with emphasis on the interaction of diverse peoples and cultures. Particular attention is given to the period since 1870. Credit will not be given for both HI (AFS) 475 and HI 575.

HI 576 Leadership in Modern Africa 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of history.

Recent sub-Saharan African political history (excluding South Africa). Overview of concepts, vocabulary, historical trends. Detailed examination of specific African countries as case studies, such as Ghana, Nigeria, Zimbabwe, Tanzania. Credit will not be given for both HI (AFS) 476 and HI 576.

HI 578 Islam and Christianity in Sub-Saharan Africa since the 19th Century 3.

Expansion and interaction of Islam and Christianity in sub-Saharan Africa in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and their influence and impact on the economy, politics, and society. Topics include missionary activity, resistance to imperial authority, the role of the churches, and the influence of religion on leadership, education, nationalism, and post-colonialism. Credit will not be given for both HI 478 and HI 578; graduate standing for HI 578.

HI 579 Africa (sub-Saharan) in the Twentieth Century 3.
Prerequisite: 3 hours of history.

Developments in sub-Saharan Africa during the colonial period, from the end of the nineteenth century to the advent of decolonization in the early 1960s. Interplay of political, social, economic and cultural factors in the experiences of African peoples during this period. Credit will not be given for both HI (AFS) 479 and HI 579.

HI 581 History of the Life Sciences 3.

Historical context of the individuals, ideas, scientific practices, and social goals that created the core concepts of the modern biological sciences, from Renaissance medicine to molecular biology, with a focus on interconnections of the scientific knowledge and perspective of the life sciences with other aspects of culture, including other sciences, views about nature and life, religious belief, medical practice, and agriculture. Topics include the development of biological experiments; theories of ecology and evolution; the chemical understanding of health, food, and drugs; and the modern molecular revolution. Credit will not be given for both HI 481 and HI 581.

HI 582 Darwinism in Science and Society 3.
Prerequisite: 6 hours of Advanced History.

Scientific development of Darwinism and its reception by the scientific community and the general public. Social impact of theories of evolution as reflected in Social Darwinism, eugenics, sociobiology, and relationship of sciences to ethics and religion. Credit will not be given both for HI 482 and HI 582.

HI 583 Science and Religion in European History 3.
Prerequisite: 6 hours of Advanced History.

Are science and religion inherently in conflict with each other? Historical analysis of the idea of the Àwarfare between religion and science,À treating their complex relationship and respective cultural authority before 1800, including the relationship of science and religion in Europe during periods of the Reformation, the creation of early modern states, and the Enlightenment of the 1700s. Topics include visions of nature and utopias, the creation of mechanistic science in the 1600s, and natural theology. Credit will not be given for both HI 483 and HI 583.

HI 584 Science in European Culture 3.
Prerequisite: 6 hours of Advanced History.

The role of science in shaping early modern European identity, culture and polity in the 1600s and 1700s. Drawing on documents and material culture, topics include the meaning of natural wonders, explorations, travel literature, instruments and mapping, colonies and empire, and universal expos. Credit will not be given for both HI 484 and HI 584.

HI 585 History of American Technology 3.
Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

Technology in American history: the ideological, social, economic, and institutional contexts of technological change from the 1760's to the present. Impacts of new technological systems. Credit will not be given for both HI 485 and HI 585.

HI 586 Science and Empire 3.

The development of European science in the context of world exploration, global commercial expansion, local knowledge, and visions of colonization and empire. Credit will not be given for both HI 486 and HI 586.

HI 587 Cultural Resource Management 3.

Theoretical and practical overview of U.S. federal and state laws, institutions, and practices related to the inventory, evaluation, preservation, protection, and overall management of cultural resources; history and philosophical bases of Cultural Resource Management (CRM); professional ethics; indigenous and other stakeholder interests in CRM; and comparative national regulations outside the U.S. and the international heritage management and organizations. Graduate standing in history required.

HI 588 Family and Community History 3.

Theory and research in family history, local history, and community studies, as well as application to public history presentation and community development. Graduate standing in history required.

HI 589 Interpretation in Historic Sites and Parks 3.
Requisite: NCSU Graduate Students (MR or DR), NDS Students Only.

Methodologies of interpreting history at historic sites and parks; training in interpretive tools linking historiography and research methodology with real places for presentation to the public; considerations of practical application. Five day trips required. Graduate standing or NDS.

HI 591 Museum Studies 3.

Organization and operation of museums as historical agencies. Role of museums in historical research and education. Graduate standing or NDS.

HI 593 Material Culture 3.

Current theories of material culture analysis and their application to history museums. Graduate standing or NDS.

HI 594 Cultural Heritage 3.

Use of the past and its cultures in reinforcing identities. Global development of heritage preservation, cultural resource management, and heritage tourism. Role of heritage professionals in identification, study, assessment, preservation, interpretation, management, and promotion of historic and cultural resources. Law and regulations that protect and preserve cultural resources.Graduate standing or NDS.

HI 595 Special Topics in History 1-6.
Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

Topical courses or experimental course offerings in advanced historical study.

HI 596 Introduction To Public History 3.

Historical origins of public history, applications of history to public life, historiography and major paradigms in the field, and debates about the public role of historians. Graduate standing in History.

HI 597 Historiography and Historical Method 3.

Major steps in development of historical investigation; analysis of elements of historical research; discussion of methodology and archival materials used by contemporary scholarly historian.

HI 598 Historical Writing 3.
Prerequisite: Graduate standing or PBS status.

Critical studies in the methods and practice of contemporary historical writing.

HI 599 Independent Study 1-3.
Prerequisite: Graduate standing or PBS status.

Individualized study conducted under supervision of graduate faculty. Course of study, assigned readings, course projects or papers, and methods of evaluating work to be detailed in writing and approved by department head.

HI 642 Internship In Public History 3.

Supervised internship experience with a public or private historical agency or institution or local, regional, or national significance. Graduate standing in History.

HI 685 Master's Supervised Teaching 1-3.
Prerequisite: Master's student.

Teaching experience under the mentorship of faculty who assist the student in planning for the teaching assignment, observe and provide feedback to the student during the teaching assignment, and evaluate the student upon completion of the assignment.

HI 693 Master's Supervised Research 1-9.
Prerequisite: Master's student.

Instruction in research and research under the mentorship of a member of the Graduate Faculty.

HI 695 Master's Thesis Research 1-9.
Prerequisite: Master's student.

Thesis Research.

HI 696 Summer Thesis Research 1.
Prerequisite: Master's student.

For graduate students whose programs of work specify no formal course work during a summer session and who will be devoting full time to thesis research.

HI 699 Master's Thesis Preparation 1-9.
Prerequisite: Master's student.

For students who have completed all credit hour requirements and full-time enrollment for the master's degree and are writing and defending their thesis. Credits Arranged.

HI 787 African American Public History 3.

Issues in public history practice as they relate to the collection, preservation, and interpretation of African American cultural history. Graduate standing in history required.

HI 788 Native American Public History 3.

Issues in public history practice as they relate to the collection, preservation, and interpretation of Native American history. Graduate standing in history required.

HI 789 Public History in International Context 3.

Global public history since 1945, including functions of historical memory as they relate to global economics of public history, world heritage, and the transnational contexts for the work of historians.

HI 791 Research Seminar in Public History 3.

Identification and development of public history research subjects, sources and their evaluation, research techniques and problems, and writing and argumentation. Graduate standing only.

HI 792 Colloquium in History 3.

Advanced historiographical readings on major topics in history. May be repeated for credit with different topic. Graduate standing in History only.

HI 795 Special Topics 1-6.

HI 799 Independent Study 1-3.

Independent Study.

HI 885 Doctoral Supervised Teaching 1-3.

HI 889 Doctoral Dissertation Seminar 1.

Development of a solid dissertation structure, research strategy and drafting of framing chapters, preparation of dissertation proposal and proposal presentation, strategies for revision of dissertation. Three consecutive semesters beginning in semester of exams. Graduate standing in history only.

HI 895 Doctoral Dissertation Research 1-9.

HI 896 Summer Dissert Res 1.

HI 899 Doctoral Dissertation Preparation 1-3.