Breadcrumb Navigation:

cnr-med.jpg

Department of Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management

http://cnr.ncsu.edu/prtm/


PRTM is committed to educating its students by providing them with the latest knowledge and tools to address society’s most pressing needs. The undergraduate programs focus on ways to promote health and enjoyment in people’s lives as well as contribute to the natural and cultural sustainability of recreation resources in communities. PRTM’s unique undergraduate programs combine relevant class time with hands-on field experiences and service learning. The department strives to enroll and graduate a highly motivated and culturally diverse student body.

The department has an established reputation for providing comprehensive, professional education programs in Professional Golf Management, Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management, and Sport Management. Each degree is designed to produce well educated graduates who have the skills, knowledge, and attitude needed to plan activities and manage parks, recreation, tourism and sport areas and facilities in a range of environments for all ages and lifestyles.

Opportunities

As increased discretionary time becomes available for large segments of the American population, opportunities for growth in the leisure service professions have increased dramatically. Tourism and sports are two of the world’s largest industries. A recreation and park professional’s goal is to influence people to use their discretionary time wisely and to improve the quality of their lives. This goal is accomplished by providing recreation programs and facilities for people in a variety of settings.

Career opportunities include employment by park and recreation departments operated by county and municipal governments; state agencies, such as state parks; federal government, with agencies such as the National Park Service, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and U.S. Forest Service; resorts and country clubs; and sport agencies.

Other major employers include youth and family service organizations, such as the YMCA, YWCA, Boy’s Clubs, and Boy and Girl Scouts. Industries employ recreation directors to head employee recreation programs. Areas with perhaps the greatest growth potential for employment are tourism agencies and commercial recreation establishments, such as resorts, private clubs, theme parks, and convention and conference centers. Sport management is also a growing profession with career opportunities in sports marketing and sales, game day operations, facility management and community athletics.

Scholarships

The Department of Parks, Recreation, and Tourism Management annually awards scholarships that are available to freshmen and advanced students. Approximately 12 academic scholarships varying between $500 and $5,000 are awarded in the spring for the following academic year and are renewable provided that superior progress is made toward a degree.

Curriculum in Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management

The curriculum in Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management is a professional program accredited by the Council on Accreditation of Parks, Recreation, Tourism and Related Professions. The curriculum produces graduates with a broad education in natural science, humanities and social science, and communication skills and the professional and technical skills to plan recreation programs and manage facilities, manage parks, and operate tourism services and agencies. General education courses include geology, biology, psychology, sociology, English, mathematics, communication, and economics. A specialized course is required in statistics.

The curriculum is designed to prepare students for a variety of positions in a dynamic and challenging profession. The focus of the curriculum is on management rather than face-to-face leadership. The curriculum provides 35 hours of professional course work that includes recreation philosophy, recreation facility management techniques, fiscal management, supervision, facility and site planning, recreation programming, administration, and evaluation.

In addition to the general education requirements and the core professional requirements, students can attain specialized training through concentration courses. They choose one of the following concentrations: tourism and commercial recreation, park and natural resource management, or program management.

Academic studies on campus are supplemented by practical laboratory experiences in the Raleigh area, out-of-state field trips and service learning opportunities, and a 10-week internship with a park, recreation or tourism agency. Cooperative work-study programs are available. Study abroad opportunities are also encouraged.

Concentrations

Park and Natural Resource Recreation (18 hours)

This concentration is well suited for people who enjoy working outdoors, who are interested in environmental protection and conservation, facility planning and development, and for those wanting to make a positive impact on the lives of others and on the natural environment. Concentration courses include ecology, GIS, outdoor recreation management and adventure education. Students are prepared for positions in planning, managing and maintaining parks and other natural resource oriented areas at the federal, state, regional or local levels in settings ranging from primitive to urban.

Tourism and Commercial Recreation (18 hours)

This concentration is for students who enjoy working with people; who are interested in business management, marketing, travel, and event planning; and, for students who want to make a positive impact on the leisure experiences of others. Concentration courses include sustainable tourism, resort management, accounting, marketing, event planning, and business management. The tourism and commercial recreation concentration prepares students for positions in planning, marketing and managing tourism facilities, attractions, and products. The positions could be with private companies, nonprofit groups or public agencies.

Program Management (18 hours)

Program Management is designed for students interested in designing and delivering recreation programs or events for diverse audiences in a variety of settings. Students take classes in special event programming adventure programming, marketing, community development and interpretive programs. Possible professional positions include recreation program director, event planner, outdoor adventures instructor, youth director and facility manager. Positions could be with public agencies, nonprofit group or private companies.

Specific curriculum requirements are available on the Registration and Records website or the PRTM website.

Curriculum in Professional Golf Management

NC State University is one of a select few universities across the United States to offer a PGA of America Accredited Bachelor of Science degree in Professional Golf Management. Located in the heart of a great golf state, NC State’s PGM program is uniquely qualified to become one of the best in the nation.

The golf profession today requires expertise in a variety of areas, including turf grass management, retail operations and merchandising, food and beverage management, personnel management, accounting, risk management, marketing, and customer services in addition to golf instruction. A unique interdisciplinary combination of golf management, business, life sciences, turf grass management, food & beverage management, parks, recreation and tourism management courses, with extensive co-op experiences, will help students become leading professionals in the golf industry.

In addition to PGM course requirements, PGM students will complete 16 months of cooperative education at approved golf facilities. PGM students are also required to complete all requirements for levels one, two, and three of the PGA-Professional Golf Management Apprentice Program prior to graduation.

Specific curriculum requirements are available on the Registration and Records website or the PGM website

Curriculum in Sport Management

The Sport Management degree provides students with high quality educational experiences to enable their success as managers in sport and sport related industries and organizations. NC State’s Sport Management program will provide students with a multidisciplinary perspective that includes sound management principles combined with a global understanding of sport and the impact of sport in social, economic, political and technological environments. Sport can be viewed as both an industry and an academic discipline. This program will educate students in the theoretical principles of sport management as well as the application of those principles. The interdisciplinary curriculum, including courses in recreation and accounting, will enable students to develop leadership, communication, evaluation and problem-solving skills in a “real world” environment.

The curriculum provides 38 hours of professional course work that includes recreation philosophy, management techniques and skills, sport finance and economics, sport law, programming, administration, and analysis and evaluation. Students can use the 30 hours of free electives in this program to pursue a minor or design a special track that will meet their career goals. Academic studies on campus are supplemented by a 10-week internship with an approved sport agency.

Specific curriculum requirements are available on the Registration and Records website or the PRTM website.

Minor in Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management

The academic minor in Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management is offered to students interested in gaining a basic knowledge of the parks, recreation and tourism fields and an understanding of the importance of leisure and recreation in American society. It is not intended to prepare students for a professional career in parks, recreation, sport, and tourism. Six hours of required courses and nine hours of electives are necessary to complete the minor. The program provides a background in recreation and park management which is useful to students who will assume full-time careers associated with recreation and park services and become involved in the park and recreation field as a volunteer, program leader, or policy making board member with such organizations as the Scouts, Y’s, art advisory councils, and conservation organizations.

Admission

Any undergraduate student enrolled in the university as a degree candidate is eligible for admission to the minor program. The undergraduate curriculum coordinator of Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management will advise students regarding their plan of work and process all necessary records.

Requirements for Admissions and Completion

Students should see the minor adviser, Dr. Candace Goode Vick, for both admission and certification of the minor. She can be reached at (919) 513-3939, or cvick@ncsu.edu. The minor must be completed no later than the semester in which the student expects to graduate from his or her degree program.

Online application for the minor should be completed during the registration period for the student’s final semester at NC State.

Requirements

A minimum of 15 hours (5 courses required to complete the minor in Park, Recreation & Tourism Management)Student must take PRT 152 and PRT 358 grade of “C-” or better is required in all courses to be used toward the minor.

Department Head

M.F. Floyd


Associate Department Head

C. G. Vick


Director of Undergraduate Programs

C. G. Vick


Director of Graduate Programs

Y. Leung


Director of Professional Golf Management Program

R.W. Wade


Professors

M.F. Floyd

M. Kanters

Y. Leung


Professors Emeriti

H.A. Devine

K.A. Henderson

P.S. Rea

C.D. Siderelis

M.R. Warren

J.D. Wellman


Associate Professor

C.E. Barbieri

J. Bocarro

G.L. Brothers

J. M. Casper

M. Edwards

R.L. Moore

D.B. Morais

E. Seekamp

C.G. Vick


Associate Professor Emeritus

A. Attarian

L.D. Gustke

B.E. Wilson


Research Associate Professor

P.K. Baran


Assistant Professor

K. Bunds


Teaching Associate Professor

K.A. Bush

K.B. Gore

A.C. Moore


Teaching Assistant Professor

E. Lindsay

S.D. Morais

R.W. Wade


Lecturer

J. Moretz


PGM Internship Coordinator

A.P. Betz


Part-time Professor

A.H. Bruneau


Part-time Lecturer

D. Carter

P. Pritchard

PRT - Parks, Recreation, and Tourism Management Courses

PRT 150 Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management Orientation 1.

Introduction topics related to the department of Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management; The recreation, tourism, sport and golf industries; all PRTM curricula; advising, academic skills, and team work; and research and personnel involved in the department and college. PRT, SMT and PGM Majors Only.

PRT 152 Introduction to Parks, Recreation and Tourism 3.

Introduction to the professional field of recreation by presenting the basic principles, fundamentals and concepts of recreation as related to such factors as recreation history and objectives, sociological and economic aspects of recreation, leadership qualities and facility provision; and settings for organized recreation in modern society.

PRT 156 Professional Golf Management Orientation 3.
Prerequisite: PGM Majors.

Overview of the golf industry and introduction to the concepts and practices of effective golf management including turfgrass management, golf shop operations, food & beverage control, customer services, personnel management, and tournament operations. Theoretical foundations for understanding leisure behavior and the parks, recreation and tourism management profession.

PRT 200 Leisure Behavior, Health and Wellness 3.

Leisure as a lifelong resource for human satisfaction and fulfillment; its potential for physical, mental, social and emotional growth and emotional growth and development of the individual. Leisure opportunity areas presented and evaluated.

PRT 210 Golf Management I 1.
Prerequisite: PRT 156.

Emphasis on concepts, techniques, and practices of teaching golf skills; understanding the Professional Golfers' Association Constitution; rules of golf, golf tournament operations; and golf car fleet management.

PRT 211 Golf Management II 1.
Prerequisite: PGM Majors, PRT/PEG 210.

Advanced concepts, techniques, and practices of teaching golf; golfer development programs, golf club design and repair.

PRT 212 Golf Instructor Development 2.
Prerequisite: PRT 156 and PRT 210.

Students will learn to teach using a variety of instructional methods including various technologicalmethods. Students will also learn to teach to students with a variety of learning styles including visual, auditory and kinesthetic. The students will learn the fundamental theories and concepts of the golf swing as well as basic ball flight laws.

PRT 214 Introduction to Adventure Education 3.

History and philosophy, social psychology of adventure, theories of adventure, benefits, risk-taking behavior, current rends and issues, research and evaluation, and model programs. Field trip required. Students are responsible for their own transportation for field trip.

PRT 215 Principles and Practices of Outdoor Leadership 3.

Principles and practices of leadership in adventure education and recreation programs: group management, trip planning, staffing, group dynamics, health and safety issues, risk management and other relevant topics.

PRT 220 Commercial Recreation and Tourism Management 3.
Prerequisite: PRT 152.

Commercial recreation and the tourism industry, including its origin, present characteristics, behavioral foundations and societal impacts. Emphasis on recreation administration in the commercial sector.

PRT 238 Diversity and Inclusion in Recreation and Sport 3.
Prerequisite: PRT 152.

Provides knowledge, attitude awareness and resources needed to provide programs, services and facilities for all people. Students gain an understanding of people's differences and potential barriers to participation. 10 hours of volunteer work with people who have disabilities is required. Students are responsible for providing their own transportation to and from volunteer work. PRT, SMT and PGM Majors Only; PRT minors.

PRT 250 Management of Park and Recreation Facilities 3.
Prerequisite: PRT 152.

Management principles applied to park, recreation, sport areas and facilities. Emphasis on operational efficiency, quality service, fiscal responsibility and maintenance management. Laboratory provides for application of management and maintenanceprinciples.

PRT 266 Introduction to Sport Management 3.

Introduction to concepts and practices of effective sport programming and management at the professional, collegiate and community levels. Overview of various program delivery systems such as fitness, instructional sport, informal sport, and intramural sport. Examination of management elements of sport programming, including planning, personnel, finance, facilities, risk and liability and marketing.

PRT 277 Psychological & Cultural Dimensions of Sport 3.
Prerequisite: Sport Management or PRT Majors, PRT 266.

The psychological behavior of the individual in physical activity and sport. The development of sport and the sports industry, political and cultural significance of sport, and sport in international relationships. The relationship between sport, gender, class, ethnicity, health, drugs, violence, education, and life long physical activity.

PRT 286 Writing and Speaking in Sports Organizations 3.
Prerequisite: Sport Management or PRT Majors, PRT 266.

Concepts related to effective communication within sport organizations. Including interpersonal communication, group communication, public speaking, use of electronic media, and basic knowledge and understanding of media in sport and sport enterprises.

PRT 292 External Learning Experience 1-3.
Prerequisite: PRT 152 and Sophomore Standing.

Learning experience in parks, recreation, tourism, and sports within an academic framework with agencies external to the department. Contact and arrangements with prospective supervisors initiated by the student. Approval by prospective supervisor and departmental undergraduate coordinator necessary. Students can receive between 1 and 3 hours credit for the the learning experience (1 credit = 45 hours) PRT and SMT majors only.

PRT 293 Independent Study in Parks, Recreation, & Tourism Management 1-6.

Independent Study for Parks, Recreation, & Tourism Management students at the freshman and sophomore level developed under the direction of a faculty member. Individualized/Independent Study and Research courses require a "Course Agreement for Students Enrolled in Non-Standard Courses" be completed by the student and faculty member prior to registration by the department.

PRT 294 Independent Study in Parks, Recreation, & Tourism Management 1-6.

Independent Study for Parks, Recreation, & Tourism Management students at the freshman and sophomore level developed under the direction of a faculty member. Individualized/Independent Study and Research courses require a "Course Agreement for Students Enrolled in Non-Standard Courses" be completed by the student and faculty member prior to registration by the department.

PRT 295 Special Topics in Parks, Recreation, and Tourism Management 1-3.

Special topics in the Department of Parks, Recreation, and Tourism Management at the 200 level for offering of courses on an experimental basis.

PRT 311 Golf Course Turf Grass Management 3.
Prerequisite: PGM Majors, Sophomore standing, PRT 211.

Introduction to the roles and responsibilities of the golf course superintendent as well as the practices and procedures associated with golf course turfgrass management. Preparation for completion of Level II Turfgrass Management, elements of the Professional Golfers' Association of America's Professional Golf Management apprentice program. Periodically class/lab meetings require transportation to area golf facilities. Students are expected to provide their own transportation accommodations.

PRT 312 Golf Management III 1.
Prerequisite: PGM Majors, PRT 311.

Advanced concepts, techniques, and practices of golf management: business analysis, planning and operations, and analysis of the golf swing. Preparation for completion of PGA of America's Professional golf Management Level II knowledge tests and skills simulations.

PRT 315 Organization and Administration of Adventure Programs 3.
Prerequisite: PRT 152.

Overview of the organizational and administration of adventure programs and services, professional standards, programming, management, staffing, budgeting, public relations, liability and risk management.

PRT 350 Outdoor Recreation Management 3.
Prerequisite: PRT 152.

Concepts and methods of outdoor recreation planning and management explored with emphasis on the public sector. Current issues relative to recreation provision identified and debated.

PRT 351 Outdoor Consortium 3.

Examines outdoor recreation and resource management approaches and research results from an applied perspective. Students will practice problem-solving techniques and interact with a wide variety of park managers and planners. This course culminatesin a week-long field experience that may conflict with other scheduled courses. Field experience held in conjunction with four other universities in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. A fee will be assessed for the trip.

PRT 358 The Recreation Program 3.
Prerequisite: PRT 152.

Theoretical and applied approaches to the recreation program planning process. Basic elements of programming using a variety of recreational settings and diversity of practical experience.

PRT 359 Leadership and Supervision in Recreation 3.
Prerequisite: PRT 250.

Systematic principles for managing human resource component of parks, recreation and tourism organizations. Leadership, group dynamics, human resources planning and organizing, employee recruitment, selection and supervision.

PRT 366 Sport Programming 3.
Prerequisite: Sport Management and PRT Majors, PRT 266.

Foundations, administrative support systems, delivery systems and desirable practices of sport programming. Program delivery systems overview with emphasis on problems and solutions associated with sport programs. Topics include sport league administration, youth sport delivery issues, sport tournament operations, community based sport delivery issues, college/university recreation sport delivery.

PRT 375 Internship Orientation 1.
Prerequisite: PRT 152.

Preparation for recreation and park internship. Resume writing, interviewing skills, cover letters and internship search techniques and resources.

PRT 376 Sport Administration 3.
P: PRT 266 and Sports Management students only..

Concepts related to policy development, organization and management specific to sport organizations. Including theories and practices of policy development and implementation, management theories, organizational behavior, the strategic management process, organizational design, managing change, and operational planning.

PRT 380 Analysis and Evaluation in Parks, Recreation 3.
Prerequisite: 300-level Statistics course, PRT 359.

Examination of the steps involved in analyzing and estimating the impact of recreation and parks services. Includes relevant issues and useful approaches for systematic analysis. Emphasis is placed on an understanding and development of various types of systematic evaluation designs. Activities leading to the analysis and development of performance reports to assess and improve managerial operational efficiency are covered.

PRT 406 Sports Law 3.
Prerequisite: Junior standing..

Fundamental principles of law, especially tort and contract law, applied to sports situations. Analysis of liability of sports personnel in various roles including participant, coach, promoter, trainer and official. Analysis of common law court decisions in sports contexts well as key state and federal statutory legislation such as civil rights and antitrust.

PRT 407 Services, Facilities and Event Marketing 3.
Prerequisite: PRT 358,.

Examination of marketing methods as applied to Parks, Recreation, Tourism and Sport Management facilities and programs. Aspects of advanced marketing: market research, marketing strategy and revenue-generation in both public and private settings. Credit will not be given for both PRT 407 and PRT 507.

PRT 410 Food and Beverage Management 3.
Prerequisite: PGM Majors, Junior standing, PRT 312.

Introduction to practices and procedures in food and beverage service. Basics of food service needs, cost controls, legal issues affecting food and beverage service, staffing, and customer satisfaction. Critical elements of food costing, purchasing, inventory control, menu planning, and security. Preparation for completion of Level III Food and Beverage control elements of the Professional Golfers' Association of America's Professional Golf Management apprentice Program.

PRT 411 Club Management 3.
Prerequisite: Junior standing, PRT 152.

Introduction to practices and procedures in contemporary club management. Application of general management functions to club environments including human resources, training, financial management marketing; leadership food and beverage service operations facilities and risk management; legal issues; and career planning. Preparation for completion of Club Management elements of the Professional Golfers' Association of America's Professional Golf Management apprentice Program.

PRT 412 Golf Course Architecture 3.
Prerequisite: PRT 211.

Basic principles of golf course design. Historical architectural influences on current golf course design trends. Strategic golf course design principles, shot values, construction practices, environmental issues, and maintenance issues. Golf course design and management implications. Restricted to PGM and Landscape Arch. Majors. Junior Standing.

PRT 413 Golf Management IV 1.
Prerequisite: PGM Majors, PRT 312, Senior standing.

Advanced concepts, techniques, and practices of golf management: swing concepts of teaching, supervising and delegating, merchandising and inventory control. Preparation for completion of PGA of America's Professional Golf Management Level III knowledge tests and skill simulations.

PRT 414 PGA Apprentice Program Completion 0.
Prerequisite: PGM Majors.

Checkpoint mechanism to register the successful completion of the Professional Golfers' Association Apprentice requirement.

PRT 419 Sustainable Tourism 3.

This course introduces the concepts and principles associated with sustainable tourism development, emphasizing on their implications for management and planning purposes. Topics to be addressed include: concept, justification and evolution of sustainable development; socio-cultural, economic, and environmental dimensions of sustainable tourism; positive and negative impacts of tourism development; and principles conducive to sustainable tourism planning and community development. Given that each case of tourism development is unique, examples from the U.S. and around the world will be used to examine and discuss issues and practices of sustainable tourism development within different geo-cultural contexts. This course adopts the Problem-Based Learning Format, which promotes and enhances students' analytical skills, problem solving skill and team working skills. Junior or senior standing.

PRT 420 Resort Planning and Management 3.
Prerequisite: PRT 152.

Theory and practical applications of planning, accommodations management, food and beverage operations, recreation programs and management in the resort industry.

PRT 430 Tourism, Poverty, and Health 3.

Students will learn about the potential role of tourism in fueling equitable development and human health in destination communities, and about the factors that lead to negative social and economic tourism impacts. Students will learn about equitable community development, human health and well-being principles; and about how micro-entrepreneurs and host communities react to the challenges and opportunities posted by tourism development. The course is grounded in scholarly knowledge and is also unreservedly engaged in real life; accordingly, students will work on new ways to help under-resourced individuals pursue dignified livelihoods through tourism. Fieldwork outside of class is required, with a fee of $50.00. PRT majors and PRT minors only.

PRT 442 Recreation and Park Interpretive Services 3.
Prerequisite: Junior standing..

The principles and practices of environmental and historical interpretation. Personal (attended) and non-personal (unattended) interpretive communication techniques. Comprehensive planning and implementation of interpretive programs, and equipment and facilities used in environmental and historical interpretation. One overnight field trip required.

PRT 449 Human Dimensions of Natural Resources in Australia/New Zealand 3.
Corequisite: PRT 450.

This 3.5 week study abroad program examines human dimensions of natural and environmental conservation in Australia. The course will involve an orientation and lectures from faculty at James Cook University. Students wills explore the natural environments in Australia including Great Barrier Reed, Tropical Rainforest and Outback and be introduced to Australian culture and history through interactions with communities. Educational travel, active participation, lectures, seminars, and reflective exercises facilitate learning to improve understanding of relationships between human societies and the natural environment. Students must pay program fees, airfare, some meals, and incidentals.

PRT 450 Sustaining Natural Resources in Australia/New Zealand 3.
Corequisite: PRT 449.

This 3.5 week study abroad program will examine issues related to natural history and environmental conservation in Australia. This course will involve an orientation and lectures from Australian university faculty. Students will explore natural environments in Australia including the Great Barrier Reef, Tropical Rainforest and Outback; learn about sustainable development and protection of the natural environment through educational travel, field trips, active participation, lecture presentations and seminars, written assignments, research projects and reflective exercises. Students must apply through NCSU Study Abroad Office. Students must pay program fees, airfare, some meals and incidentals.

PRT 451 Principles of Recreation Planning and Facility Development 3.
Prerequisite: PRT 358.

Planning activities analyzed as decision-making processes. Identification, interpretation, evaluation and utilization of data and resources necessary for recreation planning. Planning principles applied in the analysis of proposed and existing recreation sites.

PRT 454 Parks and Recreation Finance and Administration 3.
Prerequisite: PRT 359.

Recreation and park fiscal administration, sources of finance for operating and capital expenditures, revenue activities, financial planning, budgeting, expenditure policies, auditing and planning for recreation and park services, decision-making tools, legal aspects of administration.

PRT 458 Special Events Planning 3.
Prerequisite: PRT 358.

Theoretical and applied approaches to the planning of special events. Components and considerations of event planning, applied to various recreational settings. Participation in a community special event is required. Attendance at professional conference also required.

PRT 466 Sport Finance and Economics 3.
Prerequisite: Sport Management and PRT Majors, PRT 266, ACC 210, and (ARE 201 or EC 201 or EC 205).

Concepts include sources of revenue for financing, principles of budgeting, spreadsheet utilization, and financial management of sport facilities and enterprises. Additional topics include fundraising principles and methods, economic impact principles and their application to sport venues and events, economic theory applied to sport manufacturing, service industries, professional sports, stadiums and arenas, intercollegiate sports, and the sport club industry.

PRT 475 Recreation and Park Internship 8.
Prerequisite: PRT 350, PRT 358, PRT 359, PRT 375, PRT 380, 100 hours of approved work experience..

Provides prospective park, recreation and leisure service professionals a 400-hour (ten week) learning experience in a selected agency or organization, under the joint supervision of a qualified manager and a university internship supervisor. Individualized/Independent Study and Research courses require a Course Agreement for Students Enrolled in Non-Standard Courses be completed by the student and faculty member prior to registration by the department.

PRT 476 Sport Marketing 3.
Prerequisite: PRT 486, Sport Management or PRT Majors, PRT 266.

Fundamental marketing principles and concepts related to the sport industry. Overview of marketing mix, marketing strategies and the bases of segmentation, sponsorship, licensing, fundraising and merchandising. Special emphasis on the marketing of sport and its strong relationship to research. Credit will not be given for both PRT 476 and PRT 407.

PRT 477 Park, Recreation and Tourism Management 3.
Prerequisite: Senior standing.

Integration of knowledge, theory and methods from coursework and experience; development and presentation of comprehensive operational and management problems and plans. Designed to encourage students to function as professionals and to relate areas of specialty to the broader Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management profession. Must be taken during student's last semester of coursework.

PRT 486 Senior Seminar in Sports Management 3.
Prerequisite: Sport Management Majors, Senior standing, PRT 476.

Issues affecting sport management at a national and global level. Interactive effect of strategies and decisions in each cognate area in sport management. Professional ethics and the notion of rights and responsibilities will be examined in the context of sport marketing, finance, communications, risk management and other management functions inherent in the sport enterprise. Students will also examine various theories of ethics and concepts of morality and develop a personal philosophy for social responsibility and management values.

PRT 491 Special Topics in Recreation 1-3.

Investigation and analysis of a problem associated with recreation resources.

PRT 493 Independent Study in Parks, Recreation, and Tourism Management 1-6.

Independent Study for Parks, Recreation, and Tourism Management students at the advanced level developed under the direction of a faculty member. Individualized/Independent Study and Research courses require a "Course Agreement for Students Enrolled in Non-Standard Courses" be completed by the student and faculty member prior to registration by the department.

PRT 494 Independent Study in Parks, Recreation, and Tourism Management 1-6.

Independent Study for Parks, Recreation, and Tourism Management students at the advanced level developed under the direction of a faculty member. Individualized/Independent Study and Research courses require a "Course Agreement for Students Enrolled in Non-Standard Courses" be completed by the student and faculty member prior to registration by the department.

PRT 500 Conceptual Foundations of Recreation 3.

Exploration of the conceptual foundations of leisure, recreations, sport, play, and work, the history of ideas in the field and the relationships of these ideas to contemporary professional and social problems. Restricted to PRTM masters and students and others by consent of the instructor. This course will be offered in an accelerated seven-week format.

PRT 501 Research Methods In Recreation 3.
Restricted to: Graduate-level Statistics.

Examination and understanding of advanced scientific investigative methods in their application toward explaining recreation and leisure behavioral phenomena and for resolution of recreation management problems.

PRT 503 Advanced Fiscal Management for Parks, Recreation, Tourism and Sport Organizations 3.

This course is intended to provide students with advanced concepts of fiscal management as applied to the unique industries of parks, recreation, tourism and sport management. Emphasis will be placed on understanding how the receipt, disbursement, and utilization of funds can foster sustainability within these types of organizations. Additionally, this course will focus on developing the skills necessary to apply ethical financial analysis principles through financial risk management. This course is restricted to PRTM masters students and others by consent of the instructor. This course will be offered online in an accelerated seven-week format.

PRT 504 Data Management and Applications in Parks, Recreation, Tourism and Sport Management 3.

Introduction to procedures and techniques used in research and evaluation in parks, recreation, sport, and tourism settings to solve management problems. The course emphasizes techniques for data collection, management, analysis, and communication of research findings. This course is restricted to PRTM masters students and others by consent of the instructor. This course will be offered online in an accelerated seven-week format.

PRT 505 GIS and Spatial Analysis in PRTS 3.
Prerequisite: ST 311.

Introduction to spatial reasoning and spatial analysis as implemented in geographic information systems (GIS) to perform evaluation and research in parks, recreation, tourism, and sport settings. This course is restricted to PRTM master's degree students or others with consent of the instructor.

PRT 506 Organizational Behavior and Leadership in Parks, Recreation, Tourism and Sport 3.

This course will focus on the organization and administration of public, private and not-for-profit park, recreation, tourism and sports (PRTS) agencies. Emphasis will be placed on understanding the structural, human, political, and cultural factors that impact organizational efficiency and effectiveness - specifically focusing on these environments. The course will primarily address issues related to organization, management, ethical leadership, human personnel supervision, theory, and research. This course is restricted to PRTM master's degree students or by permission of instructor. This course will be offered online in an accelerated seven-week format.

PRT 507 Strategic Marketing Management in Parks, Recreation, Tourism and Sport Organizations 3.

This course examines the theoretical principles and applications of marketing and promotion strategies for recreational sport and key marketing concepts and strategies using case studies. There is significant discussion on marketing activation, leveraging strategies of sport/event sponsor brands/ companies, and developing a marketing plan. This course is restricted to PRTM master's degree students and others with the content of the instructor. This course will be offered online in an accelerated seven-week format.

PRT 508 Risk Management for Parks, Recreation, Tourism and Sport Organizations 3.

This course explores risk management in PRTs organizations with an emphasis on ethical managerial strategies. The topics include legal concepts related to specific managerial functions, impacts on functions in recreation environments that result in more efficient and successful operation and protection for the organization. In addition, effective strategies for risk management related to facilitating active-healthy lifestyles and sustainable communities will be explored. This course is restricted to PRT master's degree students and others by consent of the instructor. This course will be offered online in an accelerated seven-week format.

PRT 509 Program Evaluation for Parks, Recreation, Tourism and Sport Organizations 3.

This course focuses on the development of a working knowledge of the rationale, procedures and tools for conducting sound program evaluation assessments in parks, recreation, tourism, and sport organizations. Effective skills for mastering comprehensive program evaluation strategies including formative, summative, and knowledge building strategies are taught. Students explore social science methods specifically appropriate for evaluation of youth programs.

PRT 510 Active Recreation and Community Health 3.

This course focuses on the association of active recreation in communities and community health. Students explore individual, social, community, environmental, and policy factors that affect community health and the contribution of recreation and park programs and facilities. This is a seven week course.

PRT 550 Outdoor Recreation Behavior 3.
Prerequisite: PRT 501.

An understanding of outdoor recreation behavior in natural resource-oriented areas such as state and national parks and national forests. Nature of resource-based recreation experience, influencing factors and implications of this behavior for park management.

PRT 555 Environmental Impacts of Recreation and Tourism 3.

Understanding of environmental impacts of recreation and tourism, and different methods for assessing and managing such impacts. Examination of the scientific and management literature and application of impact assessment techniques.

PRT 595 Special Topics In Recreation Resources 1-6.
Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

Special topics in various aspects of recreation resources developed under direction of a graduate faculty member on a tutorial basis. Subjects offered under this course listing also used to test and develop new courses.

PRT 601 Seminar In Recreation Research 1.
Prerequisite: PRT 501.

Research studies, scientific articles and progress reports on research effects presented and critically evaluated. Each student pursuing a graduate degree expected to take this offering twice for one hour of credit each time.

PRT 610 Special Topics In Recreation Resources 1-6.
Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

Special topics in various aspects of recreation resources developed under direction of a graduate faculty member on a tutorial basis. Subjects offered under this course listing also used to test and develop new courses.

PRT 620 Recreation Resources Problems 1-4.
Prerequisite: Advanced Undergraduate standing or Graduate standing.

Assigned or selected problems in field of recreation administration, planning, supervision, maintenance, operations, financing or program. Special research problems selected on basis of interest of students and supervised by members of graduate faculty.

PRT 650 Professional Electronic Portfolio for Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management 1.
Prerequisite: Graduate Standing and PRT 500 and PRT 504 and PRT 505 and PRT 506 and PRT 508 and PRT 503 and PRT 507..

Students will develop a personalized digital portfolio of the work completed in all required courses in the Masters of Parks, Recreation & Tourism Management program. The portfolio should include evidence, reflection, and critical analysis of core competencies achieved throughout their academic course of study. This course must be taken during a student's last semester after he or she has completed all the required courses.

PRT 660 Professional Practicum 3.

Provides prospective park, recreation, sport or tourism professionals with a 200-hour learning experience in a selected agency or organization, under the joint guidance of a qualified manager and a university supervisor. Requires completion of a project or analytical report for the agency.

PRT 665 Professional Project 3.
Prerequisite: 12 credits of PRT graduate courses.

Directed study in a specialized phase of parks, recreation, sport or tourism management such as supervision, evaluation or administration.

PRT 685 Master's Supervised Teaching 1-3.
Prerequisite: Master's student.

Teaching experience under the mentorship of faculty who assist the student in planning for the teaching assignment, observe and provide feedback to the student during the teaching assignment, and evaluate the student upon completion of the assignment.

PRT 688 Non-Thesis Masters Continuous Registration - Half Time Registration 1.
Prerequisite: Master's student.

For students in non-thesis master's programs who have completed all credit hour requirements for their degree but need to maintain half-time continuous registration to complete incomplete grades, projects, final master's exam, etc.

PRT 689 Non-Thesis Master Continuous Registration - Full Time Registration 3.
Prerequisite: Master's student.

For students in non-thesis master's programs who have completed all credit hour requirements for their degree but need to maintain full-time continuous registration to complete incomplete grades, projects, final master's exam, etc. Students may register for this course a maximum of one semester.

PRT 690 Master's Examination 1-9.
Prerequisite: Master's student.

For students in non thesis master's programs who have completed all other requirements of the degree except preparing for and taking the final master's exam.

PRT 693 Master's Supervised Research 1-9.
Prerequisite: Master's student.

Instruction in research and research under the mentorship of a member of the Graduate Faculty.

PRT 695 Master's Thesis Research 1-9.
Prerequisite: Master's student.

Thesis Research.

PRT 696 Summer Thesis Research 1.
Prerequisite: Master's student.

For graduate students whose programs of work specify no formal course work during a summer session and who will be devoting full time to thesis research.

PRT 699 Master's Thesis Preparation 1-9.
Prerequisite: Master's student.

For students who have completed all credit hour requirements and full-time enrollment for the master's degree and are writing and defending their thesis. Credits Arranged.

PRT 700 Advanced Theories of Leisure 3.

This course is designed to examine theory as it can be applied to understanding of leisure behavior and parks, recreation, and tourism management research. The goal is to provide a foundation for identifying, evaluating, and applying theoretical perspectives to PRTM research. Students are expected to engage in a critical analysis of theory in PRTM. Ph.D. student.

PRT 705 Qualitative Approaches to Recreation Research 3.
Prerequisite: Doctoral student.

This course provides an introduction to post-positivist and interpretive paradigms as well as the management of qualitative data used in recreation-related research. The interpretive approach and the relationship between methods and research questions are examined along with an assessment of qualitative approaches and applied techniques for data management. Procedures for data analysis and interpretation, the role of the "self" in conducting research, and the issues and ethics that arise in using qualitative approaches are discussed.

PRT 730 Tourism, Community Health, and Sustainability 3.

In this course students will examine the potential role of tourism in mitigating or exacerbating health disparities and environmental degradation in rural poor areas. The course endorses an academic ethic of engaged scholarship. Students will be asked to make original contributions to participatory development scholarship, and they will be asked to collaborate with community partners on an applied project addressing tourism, health disparities and environmental degradation in an economically depressed rural community. Consistent with the engaged nature of this course, we will travel to rural communities to meet stakeholders, collect data, and provide coaching/training to tourism micro-entrepreneurs.

PRT 795 Special Topics in Recreation Resources 1-6.

PRT 801 Seminar In Recreation Research 1.

Research studies, scientific articles and progress reports on research effects presented and critically evaluated. Each student pursuing a doctoral degree is expected to take this offering four times for one hour of credit each time.

PRT 810 Special Topics In Recreation Resources 1-6.
Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

Special topics in various aspects of recreation resources developed under direction of a graduate faculty member on a tutorial basis. Subjects offered under this course listing also used to test and develop new courses.

PRT 820 Recreation Resources Problems 1-4.
Prerequisite: Advanced Undergraduate standing or Graduate standing.

Assigned or selected problems in field of recreation administration, planning, supervision, maintenance, operations, financing or program. Special research problems selected on basis of interest of students and supervised by members of graduate faculty.

PRT 885 Doctoral Supervised Teaching 1-3.
Prerequisite: Doctoral student.

Teaching experience under the mentorship of faculty who assist the student in planning for the teaching assignment, observe and provide feedback to the student during the teaching assignment, and evaluate the student upon completion of the assignment.

PRT 890 Doctoral Preliminary Exam 1-9.
Prerequisite: Doctoral student.

For students who are preparing for and taking written and/or oral preliminary exams.

PRT 893 Doctoral Supervised Research 1-9.
Prerequisite: Doctoral student.

Instruction in research and research under the mentorship of a member of the Graduate Faculty.

PRT 895 Doctoral Dissertation Research 1-9.
Prerequisite: Doctoral student.

Dissertation research.

PRT 896 Summer Dissertation Research 1.
Prerequisite: Doctoral student.

For graduate students whose programs of work specify no formal course work during a summer session and who will be devoting full time to thesis research.

PRT 899 Doctoral Dissertation Preparation 1-9.
Prerequisite: Doctoral student.

For students who have completed all credit hour, full-time enrollment, preliminary examination, and residency requirements for the doctoral degree, and are writing and defending their dissertations.