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Veterinary Medicine-Companion Animal & Sp Species (VMC)

  • Courses
  • VMC - Veterinary Medicine - CASS Courses

    VMC 901 Advanced Small Animal Medicine 2.
    Prerequisite: 3rd year DVM student.

    This course provides more advanced instruction on medical and surgical diseases of dogs and cats. Pathophysiology, diagnostic evaluation and medical and surgical management of diseases in nephrology, urology, oncology, respiratory medicine, infectious diseases, gastroenterology, cardiology and endocrinology are contained within this course. This advanced content of this course is designed to run alongside the content in VMC 951.

    VMC 904 Advanced Equine Theriogenology 1.
    Prerequisite: 3rd year DVM student.

    This course provides more advanced instruction in equine Theriogenology (mare and stallion). Diagnostic evaluation and techniques, with expansion on basic core concepts introduced in previous course content are contained within this course.

    VMC 905 Advanced Topics in Small Animal Dermatology 1.
    P: VMC 951.

    This course will provide broad understanding of small animal dermatology by building upon the basic foundation principles covered in VMC 951. Students will learn to recognize, diagnose and treat both common and uncommon skin diseases of small animals.

    VMC 906 Equine Field Skills Elective 2.
    Prerequisite: 3rd year DVM student.

    This course will provide practical instruction in commonly used skills and techniques necessary for equine primary care practice. It is an intensive, team taught series of individual laboratories that provide students with experience in the varied skill set required of an equine general practitioner. This course is designed for students that are in the third year of the DVM curriculum, have good horse handling skills and a desire to practice equine veterinary medicine upon graduation. Registration for this course is by instructor permission only.

    VMC 909 Feline Medicine 1.
    Prerequisite: 3rd year DVM student.

    This course will equip students for success in feline practice or in small animal or mixed practice with a feline component. The course will address the basic behavioral and nutritional needs of cats, and students will learn how the unique physiology of this species affects feline health and feline disease management.

    VMC 910 Careers in Veterinary Medicine 1.

    Specialists and invited speakers from multiple areas of veterinary medicine will present information about career opportunities.

    VMC 911 Advanced Topics in Equine Medicine and Surgery 1.
    Prerequisite: VMB 921.

    The major objectives are to expose students to additional in-depth information related to equine medicine and surgery. This course will build on information covered in equine portions of the veterinary curriculum. Students must have a degree in veterinay medicine, enrollment in the veterinary curriculum, or approval of the course coordinator.

    VMC 913 Advanced Clinical and Professional Communication 1.
    Prerequisite: 3rd year DVM student.

    The ability to communicate with clients is important to successful veterinary practice. This course explores how to effectively communicate with clients in a clinical context during problem appointments. Students will develop verbal and nonverbal communication skills and an understanding of how to manage difficult client interactions including 1) communicating about money, 2) communicating during adverse events, and 3) communicating during euthanasia. Examples and cases from veterinary medicine and simulated client interactions will guide application of clinical communication in context.

    VMC 914 Group Communication in Veterinary Medicine 1.

    This course explores how to effectively communicate in small groups in a professional veterinary context. Students will develop verbal and nonverbal communication skills, an understanding of task/process balance, meeting management and facilitation techniques, and communication styles and strategies for dealing with challenging group situations and conflict management. Examples and cases from veterinary medicine will guide application of group communication in context. Course limited to students enrolled in the DVM curriculum.

    VMC 915 Ethic Jurispru 2.

    VMC 917 Pre Hlth & Mgmt I 1.

    VMC 920 Subtropical Zoology and Medicine in Bermuda 1.
    Requisite: Currently enrolled DVM student.

    This unique opportunity will allow DVM students to experience a subtropical island and much of its natural history offerings. The internationally renowned Bermuda Institute of Ocean Science (BIOS) will serve as the base of operations where students will be housed, fed, and taught. Lectures, laboratory sessions, and field trips will cover a wide variety of zoological and medical topics.

    VMC 921 Special Topics in Zoological Medicine 1-3.
    Prerequisite: 1st, 2nd, or 3rd year DVM student.

    This elective course allows students to participate in customized laboratory and field experiences in zoological medicine (avian, aquatic, reptile, amphibian, invertebrate, and mammalian species). This course is designed to be adapted to the needs of students in the DVM program who desire practical experiences in the discipline. Specific details of individual projects are developed by the course coordinator and participating faculty. this elective course can provide partial fulfillment for elective credit for Zoo Focus Area.

    VMC 922 Veterinary Acupuncture in China 2.
    Prerequisite: VMB 911 and VMB 921; Corequisite: Current enrollment in the DVM program.

    This elective course is a two week international experience in China that will introduce DVM students to Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine (TCVM), including acupuncture, moxibustion, and related therapies. The course will include an overview of TCVM history, terminology, theory, and practical applications using equine (horse or donkey) and canine species. In addition, the course will include elective opportunities to meet and interact with Chinese veterinary students, and opportunities to explore the many cultural options available in China.

    VMC 923 Research in Zoological Health 1-4.
    Restriction: DVM student status. By Instructor Permission only..

    This course provides an opportunity to pursue mentored research projects relevant to zoological health while in the DVM curriculum. Projects may be but are not limited to those related to the zoological focus thesis option.

    VMC 924 Equatorial Zoology and Medicine In Galápagos 1.
    Requisite: Currently enrolled DVM student.

    This unique opportunity will allow DVM students to experience a unique, equatorial archipelago and much of its natural history offerings. The Galápagos Science Center (GSC) will serve as the base of operations. Dr. Gregory Lewbart, who has worked at the facility four separate times, will be the local program leader and guide. He will be assisted by local and visiting scientists. Lectures, laboratory sessions, and field trips will cover a wide variety of zoological and medical topics dealing with native invertebrates, fishes, reptiles, birds, and mammals. There will be an emphasis on aquatic species and a paper is required.

    VMC 927 Introduction to Companion Animal Behavior 2.
    Doctor of Veterinary Medicine Majors Only.

    This course explores the behavior of companion animals from a veterinary perspective. An emphasis is placed on behavior as an indicator of welfare and health, humane handling of animals, prevention of behavior problems, and treatment of common behavior problems. In addition the nature of human-animal bond and ethical issues relating to human-animal interactions will be discussed. Students will learn how to diagnose and treat common behavior problems on the basis of video-rich case presentations, lecture material, and class discussion. This course is restricted to students enrolled in the DVM Curriculum.

    VMC 928 Chelonian Medicine and Surgery 1.

    The NCSU-CVM Turtle Rescue Team treats sick and injured wild turtles belonging to nine different species. First, second, and third year veterinary students will be responsible for case management, coordinating consultations, diagnostic testing within the hospital, and placing recuperating animals with local wildlife rehabilitators. Students are also required to attend weekly rounds and make an oral presentation.

    VMC 930 Rehabilitation and Mobility Clinical Rotation 2.
    Requisite: Currently enrolled DVM student.

    In this course, students will gain a general understanding of veterinary rehabilitation therapy, including principles and protocols of assessment and treatment, tissue healing, the theory and application of treatment modalities and the common conditions treated.

    VMC 932 Principles of Surgery 3.
    Prerequisite: 2nd year DVM student.

    This course covers the science, art and craft of surgery, as a foundation for clinical applications. The principles you learn will give you a foundation for performing surgery on all species, even though the examples in this course are centered on the dog and cat.

    VMC 933 Theriogenology 2.
    Prerequisite:Successful completion of the second year of the DVM program.

    The physiology, endocrinology, and pathology of the reproductive system are presented. Emphasis includes genital anatomy and function, endocrine interrelationships, and methods for examination of mammary gland and reproductive tract function, including diagnosis and treatment of clinical disorders.

    VMC 937 Introduction to Physical Examination Skills- Small Animal 1.

    Introduction to physical examination, laboratory sample collection, and medication administration skills in dogs and cats. Students will also be taught how to understand and use the problem oriented approach for patient management. Students must be enrolled in the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine program. Enrollment in year 2 of Doctor of Veterinary Medicine Program.

    VMC 939 General Limited Small Animal Practice 2.

    Will expose clinical year veterinary students to a general small animal veterinary practice. There will be several areas of focus: learning clinical skills relevant to a general veterinary practitioner; developing strong problem solving abilities; developing the strong communication skills necessary to interact effectively with client, colleagues and staff, incorporating and conducting behavioral evaluations of pets during wellness examinations. Enrollment in this course is limited to students in the DVM professional program.

    VMC 940 Clinical Theriogenology 2.

    This course is designed to instruct veterinary students to make clinical diagnoses and problems of the reproduction system of domestic animals. Instruction is provided on medical and surgical correction of clinical reproductive system problems, such as infertility, obstetrical procedures, assisted reproductive techniques, and traumatic injuries. Must be enrolled in fourth year clinical rotations.

    VMC 941 Special Topics in Theriogenology 2.

    The primary objective of this course is to provide additional information and training to veterinary students that have taken the VMP 980 (VMC 940 new course #) clinical theriogenology senior clinical rotation. Emphasis will be directed to acquaint students with modern and current practices of clinical Theriogenology. It is expected that the majority of the information and activities offered in this course will involve equine species (80%) and, to a lesser extent, canine (10%) and bovine species (10%). Requires satisfactory completion of 3rd year of professional program and clinical theriogenology senior rotations.

    VMC 942 Principles of Medicine 2.
    Prerequisite: 2nd year DVM student.

    This cross-species course provides an introduction to the principles of disease and injury state common to all species. Content in this course is intended to prepare the students for third year DVM medicine and surgery courses.

    VMC 943 Laboratory Animal and Zoological Species Health and Disease I 1.
    P: Admission to professional veterinary program.

    Principles of applied biology, management, physical examination, and medical techniques, health problems and medical treatment of laboratory and companion fishes, amphibians, and reptiles will be presented. Laboratory sessions will include handling of live animals, examination of necropsy specimens, and case discussions. Students must be enrolled in the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine program.

    VMC 944 Introduction to Clinical and Professional Communication 1.
    Corequisite: Current enrollment in DVM program.

    The ability to communicate with clients is important to successful veterinary practice. The focus of this course is to explore how to effectively communicate with clients in a clinical context. Students will develop verbal and nonverbal communication skills, an understanding of relationship-centered care, management of client interactions, getting informed consent, and communicating complex information. Examples and cases from veterinary medicine will guide application of clinical communication in context.

    VMC 948 Clinical Rotation in Veterinary Radiation Oncology 2.
    Prerequisite: VMB 960.

    This is an elective rotation during the 4th year of CVM professional studies providing an introduction to veterinary radiation oncology. Basic information about radiation therapy equipment, treatment planning and delivery, and outcome of patients treated for various cancers with radiation therapy will be emphasized. Students will be assigned cases being seen by the radiation oncology service as inpatients, outpatients, and new referral appointments.

    VMC 949 Equine Primary Care 4.
    Prerequisite: 4th year DVM student.

    This 4 week course will provide students with an initial one week of intensive clinical experience in equine primary care and three weeks with a NCSU CVM approved equine primary care practice. Students will be seeing a variety of primary care cases from CVM staff and faculty owned horses, state owned horses, and horses from non-profit organizations during the first week at Southern Pines; including vaccinations, dentistry, lameness, imaging, nasogastric intubation, and field surgery. This course is not an externship and students will have outcome assessments from the instructor as well as the veterinarian at the equine primary care practice. During the final three weeks, students will be exposed to a general equine primary care practice. Students will be expected to examine cases, discuss differentials, provide a treatment plan, perform treatments, and provide client communication. Instructor approval for enrollment required.

    VMC 950 Sea Turtle Medicine and Rehabilitation 2.
    Prerequisite: 4th year DVM student.

    This course provides practical experience in husbandry and disease diagnosis and treatment in rehabilitating sea turtles at the Karen Beasley Sea Turtle Rescue and Rehabilitation Center (KBSRRC) in Topsail Beach, NC. Skills to be acquired in clinical and didactic setting include sea turtle husbandry and rehabilitation techniques, diagnostic sample collection and interpretation, physical examination and safe handling, medication delivery, wound treatment, and necropsy protocols.

    VMC 951 Companion Animal Medicine and Surgery I 4.
    Prerequisite: Successful completion of the 2nd year of the professional curriculum.

    Overview of medical and surgical management of selective metabolic, neoplastic, nutritional, immune-mediated, developmental and degenerative diseases of companion animals.

    VMC 952 Equine Medicine and Surgery 3.

    Medical conditions in large domesticated animals are presented in this course. Discussions involve the agents causing diseases and the therapeutic methods used to correct. 3 semester hours.

    VMC 953 Laboratory Animal and Zoological Species Health and Disease II 3.

    Principles of applied biology, management, physical examination and medical techniques, health problems and medical treatment of laboratory animals,small companion mammals and zoological species will be presented. Laboratory sessions may include handling of live animals, examination of necropsy specimens, and case discussions. Laboratory Animal and Zoological Species Health and Disease II will focus on avian and mammalian species. Students must be enrolled in the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine program.

    VMC 954 Companion Animal Medicine for Food Animal Students 2.
    Prerequisite: Senior DVM student.

    Small animal medicine clinical rotation emphasizing the disciplined detection, prioritizing and planning for therapy of medical diseases in small companion animals. Development of medical judgment and the use of the problem oriented medical record is stressed. This course is intended for DVM students in the food animal focus area.

    VMC 955 Extramural Experiences in Lab An Med 2.
    Corequisite: Current enrollment in DVM program..

    DVM students will have the opportunity to undertake a two-week rotation in an approved labratory animal facility under the supervision of a labratory animal veterinarian. This opportunity will meet the need to increase "hands-on" experience as partof the focus area requirements or recommendations.

    VMC 957 Introduction to Clinical Practice 1.
    Corequisite: Current enrollment in DVM program.

    This course has 4 components: a surgery laboratory, a clinical skills laboratory, a communication and wellness case-based facilitated session and community-based experiences. Taken together, these experiences are designed to give students practice and confidence in skills related to small animal general practice.

    VMC 958 Advanced Prosimian Medicine 2.
    Prerequisite: VMC 991, restricted to 4th year DVM students.

    This course is designed to provide senior veterinary students with clinical experience in prosimian medicine. Students will gain practical experience in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease in captive prosimians maintained in research facilities. Students participate in formal rounds, autodidactic exercises, and case management at the Duke Lemur Center. Limited to 4th Year DVM curriculum students.

    VMC 959 Advanced Primate Medicine 2.
    Prerequisite: VMC 991 Primate Medicine.

    This course is designed to provide senior veterinary students with clinical experience in nonhuman primate medicine. Students will gain practical experience in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease in captive research primates maintained in research facilities. Students participate in formal rounds, autodidactic exercises, and case management at Primate Center at Wake Forest University. Limited to 4th year DVM curriculum students.

    VMC 960 Small Animal Emergency Service 2.
    Prerequisite: fourth year clinics student, DVM student.

    Assessment, triage, and management of canine and feline patients admitted to the small animal emergency service after hours.

    VMC 961 Comp An Med Sur II 4.

    This course is an overview of medical and surgical management of selected metabolic, neoplastic, nutritional, immune-mediated, developmental, and degenerative diseases of companion animals. 4 semester hours.

    VMC 963 Extramural Experience in Zoo Medicine 2.
    Requisite: Currently enrolled DVM student.

    This elective senior year rotation allows students to obtain clinical, laboratory, field, and research experiences in zoological medicine that augment the basic rotations in the zoological medicine focus area. Students can customize their training through participation in a variety of opportunities including epidemiology projects, other basic or clinical research projects, and externships involving captive and free-ranging wildlife & zoo species. does not fulfill senior year requirement for elective credit in Zoo Focus Area.

    VMC 964 Zoological Husbandry and Nutrition 2.
    Prerequisite: Successful completion of 3 Zoological Medicine Selectives or course coordinator permission.

    This course is designed to provide senior veterinary students with husbandry and background experience in a zoo setting as a foundation for health management. Students will gain practical experience in the husbandry and nutrition of zoo animals while learning the importance of prevention of disease in captive wildlife. Students participate in formal rounds, autodidactic exercises, and hands on animal care delivery.

    VMC 965 Advanced Principles of Surgery 1.
    Prerequisite: DVM student, Completion of fall semester, VM3 students.

    This laboratory includes induction and maintenance of anesthesia in representative companion animal, food animal, and equine species; the practice of surgery on anesthetized animals and cadaver specimens; and experience with diagnostic and therapeutic techniques. Students examine, assess, and provide preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative management of their patients.

    VMC 966 Equine Emergency and Critical Care 2.
    Prerequisite: 4th year DVM student, Third year veterinary curriculum.

    An intensive course in the assessment and management of equine emergencies. This would include evaluation of patients, surgical and medical treatment of in house and emergency critical care patients, and post-operative assessment and management. Students will gain valuable practical experience of critically ill patients and rounds will be held daily to ensure a high level of learning.

    VMC 967 Clinical Veterinary Dentistry 2.

    Will participate in examination, admission, diagnosis treatment, discharge, and follow-up of patients in dentistry service. Take a clinical history, perform a physical examination, develop appropriate diagnostic plan, discuss the plan with the service's clinicians, and participate in formulation of treatment protocol. Service treats patients Monday-Thursday, Friday reserved for overflow, emergencies, research and teaching. Students given prepared lectures on dental procedures and diseases, and will be allowed to perform supervised procedures on cadavers. (No animals euthanized for this purpose.).

    VMC 968 Equine Orthopedic Surgery and Lameness 2.
    Prerequisite: DVM student, Completion of 3rd year veterinary curriculum.

    Application of problem solving skills and the art, science, and practice of equine orthopedic surgery and lameness in the veterinary teaching hospital setting.

    VMC 969 Equine Podiatry 2.
    Prerequisite: 4th yr. standing in the veterinary curriculum at the CVM, Successful completion of 3rd yr. of Veterinary Curriculum.

    Two-week clinical block in equine podiatry clinic Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday, with guided independent clinically applied study Monday and Friday.

    VMC 970 Companion Animal and Special Species 2.
    Prerequisite: Fourth year student in the professional curriculum at The College of Veterinary Medicine.

    Students on this rotation will have the opportunity for more direct animal experience than they have previously had. They will be exposed to the needs of shelter animals and the care of large populations of dogs and cats. The mobile unit will be used for the provision of off-site medical and surgical care, but will be staffed with student volunteers. The Wake County Animal Shelter is serving as the intake facility for all relinquished animals in Wake County.

    VMC 971 Comp Animal Med II 4.

    1. Obtain a thorough history and perform a complete physical examination. 2. Identifying, defining, and prioritizing problems. 3. Developing and initiating rational diagnostic and therapeutic plans. 4. Performing certain diagnostic and therapeuticprocedures. 5. Interpreting results of diagnostic tests, and determining their importance to the patient. 6. Verbal and written communication with clinicians, clients, veterinary techniques, fellow student veterinarians, and referring veterinarians. 7. Determining the point at which it is time to refer a case to a colleague for ¿another look¿, or to a referral center for specialized diagnostic testing or treatment. 8. Understanding how cases management in private practice compares with referral practice. 9. Approaching issues regarding euthanasia; your decision-making, assisting the owner.

    VMC 972 Clinical Small Animal Veterinary Cardiology 2.
    Prerequisite: 4th yr. standing in the veterinary curriculum at the CVM, Successful completion of 3rd yr. of Veterinary Curriculum.

    Two-week clinical rotation to provide senior veterinary student training in diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of veterinary small animal cardiology. Clinical experience with patients and clents of Veterinary Teaching Hospital and topic and case review rounds.

    VMC 973 Small Animal Surgery 2.
    Prerequisite: Completion of third year veterinary curriculum.

    Clinical rotation on the small animal surgery services. Students will be assigned to one of two services, general surgery or orthopedic surgery. Students see cases and assist with care of small animal surgical patients. Students will be on-call to assist with emergency surgery cases.

    VMC 975 Equine General Surgery 2.
    Prerequisite: DVM student, Completion of 3rd year veterinary curriculum.

    Application of problem solving skills and the art, science, and practice of equine general surgery in the veterinary teaching hospital setting.

    VMC 976 Veterinary Critical Care 2.
    Prerequisite: 4th year DVM student.

    Assessment and management of companion animal emergency and critical care patients, including several 'hands on' laboratories using cadavers to learn and practice emergency and critical care techniques. Principles of emergency and critical patient evaluation, stabilization, and organ system support are the focus of the course. Out-rotations at area emergency clinics are required. Open only to 4th year students in the small animal focus area.

    VMC 977 Equine Preventative Health Care 2.
    Prerequisite: Completion of 3rd year in veterinary curriculum.

    Perform routine preventative health care procedures for the horse in a field setting.

    VMC 978 Equine Lameness 2.
    Prerequisite: DVM student, Completion of the third year of the veterinary curriculum.

    Development and use of problem solving skills and techniques for diagnosis, treatment, and management of lameness in horses.

    VMC 979 Equine Medicine 2.

    Students are responsible for all aspects of patient care and are expected to be dedicated to their patients. Frequent and careful observation of the patients, attention to detail, diligent record keeping, accuracy in formulating and carrying out a treatment plan, and use of common sense are expected. The earlier you note potential problems, the earlier and easier they can be resolved. Irresponsibility, carelessness, lack of accuracy, untruthfulness, or a poor attitude will not be tolerated.

    VMC 980 Vet Clini Oncology 2.

    This is a two-week, two credit elective rotation during the 4th year of CVM professional studies providing experience in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer in animals. Emphasis is on development of comprehensive cancer management strategies including ethical considerations, diagnostic techniques, treatment options, and client communication skills. Students will be assigned cases being seen by the oncology service as inpatients, outpatients, and new referral appointments.

    VMC 981 Lab Animal Medicin 2.

    The block will provide practical experience in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases of laboratory animals. It will include special study of diseases of laboratory animals and the management of laboratory animal facilities. Opportunity to perform surgical procedures on common laboratory animals will be provided in a series of surgical labs. There will be field trips to other laboratory animal resource facilities within the Research Triangle Park and surrounding areas. The student will present a seminar on a selected topic for critical appraisal by students and faculty.

    VMC 982 Ophthalmology 2.

    The purpose of the ophthalmology course is to acquaint the student with examinations, diagnostics and therapeutic practices, and principles of clinical veterinary medicine. There will be direct supervision by faculty and house officers. Attendanceis required at weekly clinical rounds, general medicine rounds, and the patient rounds and mini-seminars conducted within the service. Irregular and/or long hours may be required. Students will be expected to be neatly dressed, well groomed, and conduct themselves in a professional manner at all times.

    VMC 983 Dermatology 2.

    Dermatological disease will represent a significant proportion of your case load, particularly in companion animal practice. Most of the patients that you will see have chronic relapsing disease that can be frustrating, and often costly for the owner. Therefore, whilst an accurate diagnosis represents the first step in dealing with a case, the challenge in this field of medicine is to successfully manage cases in the long term. This requires good and open communication with the client as well as regular patient evaluation. Most of the diagnostic techniques employed in dermatology are very simple and do not require expensive equipment or excessive amounts of time. The key to successful dermatological practice is to use these tools appropriately to recognize conditions such as parasitic infestations and bacterial or yeast infections for which there is a specific course of treatment. It specializes in the diagnosis and management of chronic ear disease and immunological dermatoses such as autoimmune ski.

    VMC 984 Intro Clin Neuro 2.

    This service provides diagnosis and management of nervous system disorders in animals, including nuclear imaging, myelography, CT scans, electromyography, neurosurgery, and postoperative patient rehabilitation including hydrotherapy and treadmill training. Attendance is required at weekly clinical rounds, general medicine rounds, and the patient rounds and mini-seminars conducted within the service. Irregular and/or long hours may be required. Students will be expected to be neatly dressed, well groomed, and conduct themselves in a professional manner at all times.

    VMC 985 Avian and Reptile Medicine 2.
    Prerequisite: 4th year standing in the veterinary curriculum at the CVM, VMC 953, VMF 964.

    The medicine of companion and wild birds and reptiles (turtles, lizards & snakes) will be taught using clinical cases in the Veterinary Teaching Hospital and field service visits to avicultural and herpetological collections. Emphasis will be on proper restraint and handling, physical examination, diagnostic sample collection and routine treatment procedures. A problem orientated approach will be used for all clinical cases.

    VMC 986 Adv Com An Int Med 2.

    This course provides a higher level experience to diagnosis and management of companion animals with complex medical problems. Students may choose to concentrate on particular aspects of internal medicine. Students are not required to participate in emergency/intensive care unit duty.

    VMC 987 Aquatic Medicine 2.

    This course is designed as an elective clinical block rotation in field services, in the final year of the professional DVM curriculum. Students electing the course would have successfully completed the two theoretical/laboratory courses in specialspecies medicine providing the foundation for participation in this course. It is the only clinical course offering hands on experience with medical care delivery to aquatic species.

    VMC 988 Exotic Animal Medicine 2.

    This clinical rotation provides practical experience in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease in privately owned small mammals, birds, reptiles, fish, and amphibians. In addition to assisting with the management of clinical cases, students will participate in daily teaching rounds, laboratory activities to increase their technical proficiency, and field visits to various exotic animal collections in NC. Presentation of a short seminar on a clinically relevant topic is required. Irregular and/or long hours, including on-call duty for after-hours emergencies, may be required.

    VMC 989 Zoological Medicine 4.
    Prerequisite: VMC 964 or successful completion of 3 Zoological Medicine Focus Selectives; and Course Coordinator's Permission.

    This course is designed to introduce the senior veterinary students to clinical zoological medicine. Students will gain practical experience in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease in captive zoological specimens maintained in zoos.Students participate in formal rounds, autodidactic exercises, and case management at the N.C. Zoological Park.

    VMC 990 Musculoskeletal Ultrasound in the Horse 2.
    Prerequisite: VMC 975.

    Develop and use problem solving skills during management of clinical cases incorporating diagnostic ultrasound in a number of different clinical situations. Physics of ultrasound and the resultant sound beam-tissue interactions, mainly musculoskeletal diagnostic ultrasound.

    VMC 991 SP Top in DOCS 1.
    Corequisite: Current enrollment in DVM program.

    One week special topic course in the Department of Clinical Sciences.

    VMC 992 SP Top in DOCS 1-4.

    Two week special topic course in the Department of Clinicial Sciences.

    VMC 993 Special Problems Equine Medicine and Surgery 2.

    This course is offered to students that have already signed up to take any two of the following courses: Preventative Health Care, Equine Medicine, Equine Surgery, or Equine Theriogenology. The course is designed to give additional experience in equine-oriented clinical services at NCSU. Students will not be able to participate in this block off campus, unless working directly with a NCSU faculty member. A faculty mentor must be identified within one month of signing up for this course and awritten proposal of activities planned submitted to Dr. Gardner.

    VMC 994 Small Animal 4th Year Extramural Studies 1-6.

    This course is a recommended rotation designed to expand opportunities for senior veterinary students to participate in small animal private practice a) enhance and learn clinical and technical skills, b) develop effectice client communication skills and time management, and c) observe elements of small business management, including personnel involved and professional financial interactions with private clients. Students will work at a private or corporate veterinary practice under the directsupervision of a licensed veterinarian engaged in small animal practice. Must be senior student in the DVM program.

    VMC 995 Clinical Conference 1.

    Each senior student is required to do a 25 minute presentation during their senior year. The presentation may involve a case report, series of cases, or epidemiological study. Retrospective study of a disease or syndrome including data drawn from other institutions or published findings may be used as well as topics of general interest to veterinary medicine of an innovative nature.

    VMC 996 Advanced Avian Clinical Medicine 2.
    P: VMC 988.

    Students will work with teaching birds to develop skills in avian handling, diagnostic sample collection, anesthesia and radiology. Cadavers will be used to teach orthopedic and soft tissue surgical procedures. Students and faculty will spend approximately 5 days in the field, working with psittacine birds, waterfowl and raptors at Sylvan Heights Waterfowl park in Scotland Neck, NC and at the Carlina Raptor Center in Charlotte, NC. Restricted to senior DVM students.

    VMC 997 Raptor Medicine and Rehabilitation 2.

    This elective senior year rotation allows students to obtain clinical experience in raptor medicine and rehabilitation at Carolina Raptor Center in Charlotte, N.C. Students will develop skills with species identification, capture and handling, physical examination, bandaging, diagnostic sample collection and interpretation, emergency stabilization and treatment techniques, necropsy, anesthesia and surgery assistance, and captive management and husbandry issues. A maximum of 2 students will be permitted in each 2-week clinical rotation. For students enrolled in DVM Curriculum. Will partially fulfill senior year requirement for elective clinical rotation credit in Zoo Focus Area.

    VMC 998 Basic Wildlife Rehabilitation Medicine 2.
    Prerequisite: VMC 964 or successful completion of 3 Zoological Medicine Focus Selectives, VMC 989, and Course Coordinator's Permission.

    Wildlife rehabilitation medicine, the delivery of health care and management to free-ranging native wildlife with the goal of re-release is an important component of clinical veterinary medicine. Students in this basic course will work with instructors to learn to apply practical medical and surgical techniques and methods for diagnosing disease, delivering health care, and implementing appropriate triage for injured and ill North Carolina native wildlife. Restricted to DVM Curriculum 4th year students.

    VMC 999 Advanced Wildlife Rehabilitation Medicine 2.
    Prerequisite: VMC 964 or VMC 998.

    Wildlife rehabilitation medicine, the delivery of health care and management to free-ranging native wildlife with the goal of re-release is an important component of clinical veterinary medicine. Students in this advanced course will apply practical medical and surgical techniques and methods learned in the basic course for diagnosing disease, delivering health care, and implementing appropriate triage for injured and ill North Carolina native wildlife. They will assist staff and faculty in managing cases native to North Carolina.