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Zoology (ZO)

ZO - Zoology Courses

ZO 233 Human-Animal Interactions 3.

This course is designed to explore the relationship humans share with other animals and nature. We will study the early history of animal domestication and the influence of animals on human culture and religion. We will also explore our relationships to animals as pets, food, research subjects, and wildlife. All subjects will be covered through interaction with quest speaker, assigned readings, case studies, and class discussion.

ZO 250 Animal Anatomy and Physiology 4.
Prerequisite: C- or better in BIO 183.

Roles of physical laws, environmental challenges, and evolutionary history in shaping animal structure and function. Selected examples from invertebrates and vertebrates. Laboratory in anatomy and physiology, hypothesis generation and testing and data analysis and presentation.

ZO 317 Primate Ecology and Evolution 3.
Prerequisite: C- or better in BIO 181 & BIO 183, and one of the following courses: ANT 251, BIO 212, BIO 250, BIO/PB 330, BIO 350, BIO/PB 360, BIO 410 , BIO 422, BIO 424, or BIO 488.

A comprehensive survey of the behavior, evolution, and ecology of nonhuman primates. Special emphasis will be placed in the evolution of cognitive abilities, social systems, and behavioral patterns that are unique to primates, including the evolution of language. Topics include primate taxonomy, evolution of the extant primates, geographic distribution, social behavior, reproductive behavior and strategies, parental behavior, communication, and cognitive. Classes will consist of interactive lectures, films, and class discussions.

ZO 333 Captive Animal Biology 3.

This course serves to introduce interested students to historical and current captive animal conservation efforts. We will discuss in detail a variety of issues essential to the management of wild animals in a captive setting including ethics, nutrition, reproduction, behavior, and population management.

ZO 350 Animal Phylogeny and Diversity 4.
Prerequisite: A grade of C- or better in BIO 181 and sophomore standing. Credit is not allowed for both BIO 350 and BIO 402/403.

Phylogenetic history and adaptive radiation of animals; contrast of environmental determinants of biodiversity in tropical and polar regions; modern approaches to phylogeny; role of humans in influencing biodiversity. Students may not receive credit for both BIO 350 and BIO 140 or ZO 150 or BIO 402 or BIO 403.

ZO 402 Invertebrate Biology 4.
Prerequisite: A grade of C- or better in BIO 181 and BIO 183. Credit is not allowed for both BIO 350 and BIO 402/403..

Over 90% of all animals are invertebrates, and many invertebrate species have proven extremely useful in medical and research applications. This course will survey invertebrate groups or clades (excluding the Protista), and will emphasize their functional biology, phylogeny, ecology, behavior, and use as models in research. Lab will emphasize an experimental approach and will involve work primarily with live material. Students may not receive credit for both BIO 402 and BIO 350 or BIO 140.

ZO 410 Introduction to Animal Behavior 3.
Prerequisite: C- or better in BIO 181and BIO 183.

Studies in animal behavior in vertebrates and invertebrates, focusing on the mechanisms and evolution of animal behavior. Topics include neural, hormonal, and genetic bases of behavior; foraging; anti-predator defenses; mating systems and sexual selection; social behavior; communication; parental care; territoriality and habitat selection.

ZO 444 Mammalogy 3.

The biology of mammals: evolution, functional morphology, reproduction, behavior, ecology, population biology, classification and identification. One weekend field trip planned. One independent field research project is required. Graduate students will prepare a full written report of their research projects, which will not be required of the undergraduates.

ZO 449 Principles of Biological Oceanography 3.

Environmental dependencies, biological productivity, and trophic relationships in plankton, nekton and benthos; Sampling methods and experimental design; Human impacts on marine systems.Credit is not allowed for both MEA 449 and MEA(ZO)549.

ZO 486 Capstone Course in Zoology 3.
Prerequisite: C- or better in BIO 250, BIO/PB 360, and one of the following: BIO 350 or BIO 402/403 or GN 311 or ST 311..

Topical problems in zoology. BIO 486 provides a challenging opportunity for students to integrate and apply knowledge and skills gained from their major studies. Emphasis will be placed on collaborative learning and effective, professional communication. Topics and instructors will vary from semester to semester. Priority will initially be given to seniors in the SZO curriculum; other students with the necessary prerequisites will be admitted on a space available basis.

ZO 503 General Physiology I 3.
Prerequisite: Senior standing or Graduate standing, the following courses are recommended: ZO 421, BCH 451, a yr. of physics.

Discussion of general principles of homeostasis, emphasizing importance of integrative action. Following systems studied: muscular, cardiovascular and nervous systems.

ZO 504 General Physiology II 3.
Prerequisite: PHY (ZO) 503.

Discussion of general principles of homeostasis, emphasizing importance of integrative action. Following systems studied: alimentary, renal, respiratory and endocrine systems.

ZO 512 Animal Symbiosis 3.
Prerequisite: 12 hrs. of biology and zoology.

Symbiotic associations of animals including mutualism, commensalism and parasitism. The morphological, physiological, behavioral and ecological adaptations of symbionts and the complex interactions between partner species.

ZO 513 Comparative Physiology 3.
Prerequisite: ZO 421.

Comparative study of the organ systems of vertebrates and physiological processes involved in maintaining homeostatic state. Various compensatory mechanisms employed during environmental stress included.

ZO 518 Experience and the Brain 3.
Prerequisite: BIO 488 or ZO 588.

This seminar considers how an individual's behavioral interactions with the world (i.e., experience) can alter the structure and/or function of the adult brain. Emphasis will be on reading and critically discussing the primary research literature.

ZO 522 Biological Clocks 3.
Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

The anatomy, physiology and development of biological clocks in a variety of organisms, including humans. Required readings in primary literature.

ZO 524 Comparative Endocrinology 3.
Prerequisite: BIO 421 or PO 405.

Basic concepts of endocrinology, including functions of major endocrine glands involved in processes of growth, metabolism and reproduction.

ZO 542 Herpetology 3.
Prerequisite: ZO 250 and ZO 421.

The biology of the amphibians and reptiles: systematics, life history, anatomy, behavior, physiology and ecology.

ZO 544 Mammalogy 3.
Prerequisite: BIO 250.

The biology of mammals: evolution, functional morphology, reproduction, behavior, ecology, population biology, classification and identification. One weekend field trip planned. One independent field research project is required. Graduate students will prepare a full written report of their research projects, which will not be required of the undergraduates.

ZO 549 Principles of Biological Oceanography 3.
Prerequisite: BIO 181.

Environmental dependencies, biological productivity, and trophic relationships in plankton, nekton and benthos; Sampling methods and experimental design; Human impacts on marine systems.Credit is not allowed for both MEA 449 and MEA(ZO)549.

ZO 553 Principles Of Wildlife Science 3.
Prerequisite: BIO 260 or BIO/PB 360.

The principles of wildlife management and their application studied in the laboratory and in the field.

ZO 582 Medical and Veterinary Entomology 3.
Prerequisite: ENT 425 and ZO 315.

The morphology, taxonomy, biology and control of the arthropod parasites and disease vectors of man and animals. The ecology and behavior of vectors in relation to disease transmission and control.

ZO 588 Neurobiology 3.
Prerequisite: BIO 250 or BIO 212 and Graduate standing.

Overview of the neurosciences, with a focus on fundamental principles in the function, structure, and development of the nervous system. Topics include neuroanatomy, electrical signaling, synaptic transmission, sensory and motor systems, neural development, neural plasticity, and complex brain functions. Multiple levels of analysis, from molecular to behavioral, with an emphasis on the mammalian nervous system.

ZO 592 Topical Problems 1-3.

Organized, formal lectures and discussion of a special topic.

ZO 601 Seminar 1.

The presentation and defense of original research and current literature.

ZO 602 Seminar In Biology Of Reproduction 2.
Prerequisite: ANS(PHY) 702.

Current topics in animal reproduction presented by reproductive physiologists from various Research Triangle institutions. Student presentations of research projects or library projects in area of animal reproduction.

ZO 624 Topical Problems 1-3.

Organized, formal lectures and discussion of a special topic.

ZO 631 Special Topics 1-6.
Prerequisite: Twelve hours ZO.

A directed individual investigation of a particular problem in zoology, accompanied by a review of the pertinent literature. A maximum of three hours allowed toward master's degree.

ZO 685 Master's Supervised Teaching 1-3.
Prerequisite: Master's student.

Teaching experience under the mentorship of faculty who assist the student in planning for the teaching assignment, observe and provide feedback to the student during the teaching assignment, and evaluate the student upon completion of the assignment.

ZO 688 Non-Thesis Masters Continuous Registration - Half Time Registration 1.
Prerequisite: Master's student.

For students in non-thesis master's programs who have completed all credit hour requirements for their degree but need to maintain half-time continuous registration to complete incomplete grades, projects, final master's exam, etc.

ZO 689 Non-Thesis Master Continuous Registration - Full Time Registration 3.
Prerequisite: Master's student.

For students in non-thesis master's programs who have completed all credit hour requirements for their degree but need to maintain full-time continuous registration to complete incomplete grades, projects, final master's exam, etc. Students may register for this course a maximum of one semester.

ZO 690 Master's Examination 1-9.
Prerequisite: Master's student.

For students in non thesis master's programs who have completed all other requirements of the degree except preparing for and taking the final master's exam.

ZO 693 Master's Supervised Research 1-9.
Prerequisite: Master's student.

Instruction in research and research under the mentorship of a member of the Graduate Faculty.

ZO 695 Master's Thesis Research 1-9.
Prerequisite: Master's student.

Thesis research.

ZO 696 Summer Thesis Research 1.
Prerequisite: Master's student.

For graduate students whose programs of work specify no formal course work during a summer session and who will be devoting full time to thesis research.

ZO 699 Research In Zoology 1-9.
Prerequisite: Twelve semester credits in ZO.

Credits Arranged.

ZO 710 Sampling Animal Populations 3.
Prerequisite: ST 512.

Statistical methods applicable to sampling of wildlife populations, including capture-recapture, removal, change in ratio, quadrant and line transect sampling. Emphasis on model assumptions and study design.

ZO 718 Community Ecology 3.
Prerequisite: BO 360 or ZO 260, BO(ZO) 760; BO(ZO) 365.

Animal community structure and function. Effects of competition, predation, coevolution and disturbance on community composition. Emphasis on ecological and evolutionary controversies from empirical and theoretical approaches.

ZO 750 Marine Benthic Ecology 3.

Marine benthic systems in deep sea and in shallow waters, focusing upon abiotic and biotic processes regulating density, diversity and taxonomic and functional composition. Discussions of benthic-pelagic coupling, predation, interspecific competition, biogeography, sampling problems, evolutionary trends, trophic structure and community organization.

ZO 756 Ecology Of Fishes 3.

Physiological ecology of fishes emphasizing energetics, production and adaptations to aquatic mediums. Ecological classification of fishes and theory of resource partitioning in freshwater, estuarine and marine realms.

ZO 770 Advanced Topics In Ecology I 3.

Development of subject matter in major fields of ecology through seminars and lectures and principles illustrated by laboratory exercises and field trips. Microenvironment, population biology, community ecology, ecosystems and nutrient cycling.

ZO 790 Special Topics 1-6.

ZO 791 Topics In Animal Behavior 3.
Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

Intensive examination of selected aspects of animal behavior and their relationship to physiology, ecology and other biological fields. May be repeated for credit when topic changes.

ZO 792 Topical Problems 1-3.

Organized, formal lectures and discussion of a special topic.

ZO 802 Seminar In Biology Of Reproduction 2.
Prerequisite: ANS(PHY) 702.

Current topics in animal reproduction presented by reproductive physiologists from various Research Triangle institutions. Student presentations of research projects or library projects in area of animal reproduction.

ZO 824 Topical Problems 1-3.

Organized, formal lectures and discussion of a special topic.

ZO 829 Special Topics 1-6.
Prerequisite: Twelve hours ZO.

A directed individual investigation of a particular problem in zoology, accompanied by a review of the pertinent literature. A maximum of three hours allowed toward master's degree.

ZO 831 Special Topics 1-6.
Prerequisite: Twelve hours ZO.

A directed individual investigation of a particular problem in zoology, accompanied by a review of the pertinent literature. A maximum of three hours allowed toward master's degree.

ZO 885 Doctoral Supervised Teaching 1-3.
Prerequisite: Doctoral student.

Teaching experience under the mentorship of faculty who assist the student in planning for the teaching assignment, observe and provide feedback to the student during the teaching assignment, and evaluate the student upon completion of the assignment.

ZO 890 Doctoral Preliminary Examination 1-9.
Prerequisite: Doctoral student.

For student who are preparing for and taking written and/or oral preliminary exams.

ZO 893 Doctoral Supervised Research 1-9.
Prerequisite: Doctoral student.

Instruction in research and research under the mentorship of a member of the Graduate Faculty.

ZO 895 Doctoral Dissertation Research 1-9.
Prerequisite: Doctoral student.

Dissertation research.

ZO 896 Summer Dissertation Research 1.
Prerequisite: Doctoral student.

For graduate students whose programs of work specify no formal course work during a summer session and who will be devoting full time to thesis research.

ZO 899 Doctoral Dissertation Preparation 1-9.
Prerequisite: Doctoral student.

For students who have completed all credit hour, full-time enrollment, preliminary examination, and residency requirements for the doctoral degree, and are writing and defending their dissertations.