Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education

Apply Now

The STEM Education Program offers a Master’s of Education (MEd) with concentration in Science Education, Engineering and Technology Education, and Mathematics and Statistics Education. We prepare educators and researchers for positions as teachers, leaders, and university faculty of the highest quality. We are particularly proud of our emphasis on the use of technology to enhance teaching. Students take courses in their educational specialty and in academic discipline areas.

Our Master’s program (MEd) leads to North Carolina M-licensure as a teacher of science at grades 6-12 or advanced credentials for informal educators. Programs are also available for those seeking advanced graduate-level certification as a teacher. Finally, students may design a program to prepare for teaching careers in post-secondary education.

Some of our students elect to move directly from our master’s into our doctoral program in Learning and Teaching in STEM – Science Education, Engineering and Technology Education or Mathematics and Statistics Education. These students are knowledge-seekers and are eager to pursue educational problems and develop critical thinking skills in a collaborative environment. The programs prepare individuals for positions in their fields of study related to:

  1. scholarly inquiry and discourse in science education,
  2. preparation of K-12 teachers and informal science educators,
  3. instruction and development issues in K-16, and
  4. leadership positions.

Admission Requirements

Applicants for the M.Ed. degree must submit a completed application specific to the program concentration. No GRE is required. Please see the concentration degree requirements pages for more information:

The deadlines for submission of an application, and academic and professional background necessary for admission differ by specific concentration.

Student Financial Support

A small number of scholarships may be available through the College of Education or NC State University. For those who apply for financial aid, there may be some grants available through the university. There are also federal loan forgiveness programs. Please discuss these opportunities directly with program area faculty.

Full Professors

  • Margaret R. Blanchard
  • Aaron Catron Clark
  • Karen Flanagan Hollebrands
  • Carla Johnson
  • Melissa Gail Jones
  • Hollylynne Stohl Lee
  • Soonhye Park

Associate Professors

  • Sarah J. Carrier
  • Cesar Delgado
  • Cameron DeLeon Denson
  • Jessica Heather Hunt
  • Temple A. Walkowiak

Assistant Professors

  • Robin Keturah Anderson
  • Kirstin Collette Rogis Busch
  • Sunghwan Byun
  • Ruby LaTeshia Ellis
  • Tamecia Raishaun Jones
  • Erin Krupa
  • Jonee Wilson

Practice/Research/Teaching Professors

  • Cynthia Page Edgington
  • W. Matthew Reynolds
  • Kevin Gregory Sutton

Professor emeritus

  • Jere Confrey

Courses

EMS 505  Methods of Teaching Science I  (3 credit hours)  

Graduate students new to science teaching will read current research literature that defines best practices and incorporate these practices to lesson planning that enhances student learning. Classroom, laboratory, and school-based experiences in middle and secondary science classrooms and instructional laboratories will help students to effectively prepare, plan, and assess learning environments. Emphasis placed on the development of knowledge, skills, and dispositions for inquiry-based learning environments. Underlying theoretical framework is constructivism, and experiences will be discussed using current learning theory. PBS or Graduate Standing.

Typically offered in Spring only

EMS 506  Methods of Teaching Science II  (3 credit hours)  

This course is designed to provide graduate-level pre-service teachers with meaningful and practical learning experiences that will prepare them to create effective science learning environments for secondary school age students and to construct a vision of themselves as a teacher of secondary science. In the course, pre-service teachers will have opportunities to apply research-supported best practices to planning and enacting science lessons and to critically analyze current trends, issues and problems in science education.

Typically offered in Fall only

EMS 510  Interactions In the Mathematics Classroom  (3 credit hours)  

This course focuses on interactions between students and teachers in the mathematics classroom. Topics studied will include: whole class instruction, small group activity, questioning and facilitating classroom discussion. This course will include a field experience in the schools for which students will be required to provide their own transportation. Course restricted to mathematics education students in the MED, MS or MAT programs.

Typically offered in Spring only

EMS 512  Teaching and Learning Elementary and Middle Grades Mathematics  (3 credit hours)  

Focus on theory, research, and methodology of teaching and learning mathematics in elementary and middle grades. Emphasizes the development of a foundation for understanding and assessing mathematical growth and learning through historical and psychological sources, research, and reflective practice. Emphasis is placed upon understanding how children come to learn elementary mathematics meaningfully and what this necessarily implies about the way mathematics is taught and how elementary and middle grades education can be improved.

Prerequisite: EMS 471

Typically offered in Fall only

EMS 513  Teaching and Learning of Algebraic Thinking  (3 credit hours)  

Teaching and learning of algebra from a developmental perspective; research-based methods for developing students' algebraic thinking; structure and processes used in algebra. Focus on how students develop algebraic ideas from upper elementary grades through Algebra I.

Prerequisite: EMS 471 or equivalent teaching experience.

Typically offered in Fall only

EMS 514  Teaching and Learning of Geometric Thinking  (3 credit hours)  

Focus will be on the development of geometric thinking in grades K-12 using multiple instructional approaches, including technology, and considered using different theories of learning and frameworks (e.g., Van Hiele, SOLO taxonomy). Topics may include: measurement, similarity, congruence, properties of 2 and 3 dimensional figures, circles, non-Euclidean geometries. Synthetic, analytic and transformational, formal and informal approaches will be highlighted.

Prerequisite: EMS 471 and either MA 308 or MA 408

Typically offered in Fall only

EMS 519/ST 519  Teaching and Learning of Statistical Thinking  (3 credit hours)  

This course is designed to bridge theory and practice on how students develop understandings of key concepts in data analysis, statistics, and probability. Discussion of students' understandings, teaching strategies and the use of manipulatives and technology tools. Topics include distribution, measures of center and spread, sampling, sampling distribution, randomness, and law of large numbers. Must complete a first level graduate statistics course ( ST 507, ST 511, or equivalent) before enrolling.

Prerequisite: ST 507 or ST 511

Typically offered in Spring only

EMS 521  Advanced Methods in Science Education I  (3 credit hours)  

Contemporary learning theories and current research will guide students to create effective science learning environments for all students. Students will engage in critical analysis of current trends, issues and problems in science education in terms of multiple perspectives. Students will also have opportunities to contemplate what it means to teach science, what it means to teach a diverse population of students and how to develop, interpret, and implement alternative assessment.

Prerequisite: Graduate Standing in MAT: STEM-Science Education and Doctoral Standing in Learning and Teaching in STEM

Typically offered in Fall only

EMS 522  Advanced Methods in Science Education II  (3 credit hours)  

Examines science instruction through analysis of curriculu, instructional practices, current research on science learning and teaching. Five areas of interest: curriculum, instruction, assessment, diversity, learning environments and technology in science education.

R: Graduate Standing in MAT: STEM-Science Education

Typically offered in Fall only

EMS 531  Introduction to Research in Science Education  (3 credit hours)  

Introduction to science education research, within two focal areas. One focus is to learn to read, understand, evaluate, and apply published educational research in your own practice, with scaffolding to support your understanding of techniques and designs specific to and/or in the context of science education research. Another focus is to learn to conduct research in order to improve your effectiveness as an educator or solve educational problems. You will learn about ethics connected with research and will perform and interpret quantitative and/or qualitative analyses commonly used in science education research while carrying out a research project that you designed. You will learn about how research papers are structured and organized, and communicate your research findings in both oral and written form.

Prerequisite: Graduate standing in Science Education

Typically offered in Spring only

EMS 570/EMS 470  Methods and Materials for Teaching Mathematics  (3 credit hours)  

Purposes, methods, curricula, and evaluation practices for teaching mathematics in middle and high school levels.

Prerequisite: C or better in EMS 480 and EMS 472 or EMS 474 and admittance to Teacher Candidacy.

Typically offered in Fall only

EMS 572/EMS 472  Teaching Mathematics Topics in Senior High School  (3 credit hours)  

Preparation for teaching mathematics in grades 9-12. This course includes a school-based field experience. Students are required to provide their own transportation. MED Majors only.

Prerequisite: Admittance to Teacher Candidacy

Typically offered in Spring only

EMS 573  Design of Tools and Learning Environments in STEM Education  (3 credit hours)  

The course aims to develop: familiarity with research related to the teaching and learning of STEM content within technological learning environments, advanced knowledge of the ways technology can support teaching and learning in STEM, and ability to design technology-enabled learning experiences. Course activities are designed to enhance understandings and applications of technological tools within and across STEM disciplines.

Restriction: Graduate standing in STEM Education

Typically offered in Fall and Spring

EMS 575  Foundations Of Science Education  (3 credit hours)  

Study and analysis of philosophical, historical, sociological, political and economic factors affecting science education in schools of the U.S. Implications for science education of various learning theories along with models for curriculum development and program planning.

Prerequisite: Graduate standing in Science Education

Typically offered in Spring only

EMS 577  Improving Classroom Instruction In Science  (3 credit hours)  

Application of major principles of education and psychology to improvement of science teaching in elementary, middle and secondary schools. Emphasis on critical analysis of research and the development of research-based classroom applications. Goalsand objectives of science teaching, instructional strategies, development or selection of science materials, evaluation of achievement and elements of a desirable classroom climate.

Prerequisite: EMS 475

Typically offered in Spring only

EMS 580/EMS 480  Teaching Mathematics with Technology  (3 credit hours)  

Prepares prospective mathematics teachers to use technology in their classrooms to assist students in formulating and solving math problems in the middle and high school mathematics curricula.

Prerequisite: EMS 204 with a B- or better; MA 131 or 141

Typically offered in Spring only

EMS 581  Advanced Applications of Technology in Mathematics Education  (3 credit hours)  

Research-based applications of technology tools in secondary and middle school mathematics. Advanced use of various technology tools for learning and teaching mathematics, including design of technology environments, appropriate investigation tasks, and professional development.

Typically offered in Spring only

EMS 592  Special Problems In Mathematics Teaching  (1-6 credit hours)  

In-depth investigation of topical problems in mathematics teaching chosen from areas of curriculum, methodology, technology, supervision and research.

Prerequisite: EMS 471

Typically offered in Fall, Spring, and Summer

EMS 594  Special Problems In Science Teaching  (1-3 credit hours)  

In-depth investigation of topics in science education not covered in existing courses. Includes critical analysis of research and may include field work. May be offered on individual basis or as a class.

Prerequisite: EMS 476

Typically offered in Fall, Spring, and Summer

EMS 621  Special Problems In Mathematics Teaching  (1-6 credit hours)  

In-depth investigation of topical problems in mathematics teaching chosen from areas of curriculum, methodology, technology, supervision and research.

Prerequisite: EMS 471

Typically offered in Summer only

EMS 622  Special Problems In Science Teaching  (1-6 credit hours)  

In-depth investigation of topics in science education not covered in existing courses. Includes critical analysis of research and may include field work. May be offered on individual basis or as a class.

Prerequisite: EMS 476

Typically offered in Fall, Spring, and Summer

EMS 630  Independent Study in EMS  (1-3 credit hours)  

Detailed investigation of topics of particular interest to graduate students under faculty direction on a tutorial basis. Determination of credits and content by faculty member in consultation with department head.

Typically offered in Fall and Spring

EMS 641  Practicum In Science and Mathematics Education  (1-6 credit hours)  

Supervised practicum in appropriate settings both on- and off-campus. Provision for opportunity for development, implementation and evaluation in science and mathematics in clinical environment under faculty supervision.

Prerequisite: EMS 770 or EMS 775

Typically offered in Fall and Spring

EMS 651  Internship In Mathematics And Science Education  (1-9 credit hours)  

Utilizing the participant-observed role, required participation in selected educational situations with emphasis upon development of observational skills, ability to record relevant observations by means of written journals, skills in analyzing experiences identifying critical incidents and projection of events and consequences. Student required to develop possible alternative courses of action in various situations, select one of the alternatives and evaluate consequences of selected course of action.

Prerequisite: Nine hrs. in grad. level courses

Typically offered in Fall, Spring, and Summer

EMS 675  Portfolio Development  (1 credit hours)  

Techniques of portfolio construction for documenting attainment of advanced competencies in science training.For students in the last or next to last semester of coursework in the Science Education Masters Program.

Typically offered in Fall only

EMS 685  Master's Supervised Teaching  (1-3 credit hours)  

Teaching experience under the mentorship of faculty who assist the student in planning for the teaching assignment, observe and provide feedback to the student during the teaching assignment, and evaluate the student upon completion of the assignment.

Prerequisite: Master's student

Typically offered in Fall and Spring

EMS 686  Teaching In College  (3 credit hours)  

Focus on development of competencies to perform fundamental tasks of a college teacher as well as consideration of more long-range tasks such as course development and university responsibilities of a professor. In addition to attending lectures andother types of presentations, students make video tapes of their teaching, develop tests, design introductory courses in their teaching fields and consider current issues related to university and college teaching.

Typically offered in Summer only

EMS 688  Non-Thesis Masters Continuous Registration - Half Time Registration  (1 credit hours)  

For students in non-thesis master's programs who have completed all credit hour requirements for their degree but need to maintain half-time continuous registration to complete incomplete grades, projects, final master's exam, etc.

Prerequisite: Master's student

Typically offered in Fall, Spring, and Summer

EMS 689  Non-Thesis Master Continuous Registration - Full Time Registration  (3 credit hours)  

For students in non-thesis master's programs who have completed all credit hour requirements for their degree but need to maintain full-time continuous registration to complete incomplete grades, projects, final master's exam, etc. Students may register for this course a maximum of one semester.

Prerequisite: Master's student

Typically offered in Spring and Summer

EMS 690  Master's Examination  (1-9 credit hours)  

For students in non thesis master's programs who have completed all other requirements of the degree except preparing for and taking the final master's exam.

Prerequisite: Master's student

Typically offered in Spring only

EMS 692  Research Projects In Mathematics and Science Education  (1-3 credit hours)  

A project or problem in research in education for graduate students, supervised by members of the graduate faculty. The research chosen on basis of individual students' interests and not to be part of thesis or dissertation research.

Prerequisite: ELP 532

Typically offered in Fall, Spring, and Summer

EMS 693  Master's Supervised Research  (1-9 credit hours)  

Instruction in research and research under the mentorship of a member of the Graduate Faculty.

Prerequisite: Master's student

Typically offered in Fall, Spring, and Summer

EMS 695  Master's Thesis Research  (1-9 credit hours)  

Thesis research.

Prerequisite: Master's student

Typically offered in Fall, Spring, and Summer

EMS 696  Summer Thesis Research  (1 credit hours)  

For graduate students whose programs of work specify no formal course work during a summer session and who will be devoting full time to thesis research.

Prerequisite: Master's student

Typically offered in Summer only

EMS 699/EOE 699/EAC 699/ECD 699/ECI 699/ELP 699  Master's Thesis Preparation  (1-9 credit hours)  

For students who have completed all credit hour requirements and full-time enrollment for the master's degree and are writing and defending their theses.

Prerequisite: Master's student

Typically offered in Fall, Spring, and Summer

EMS 703  Teaching Mathematics and Science In Higher Education  (3 credit hours)  

Examination of collegiate mathematics and science instruction with respect to goals and objectives, design of courses and curricula, innovative programs and facilities, and methods and materials for instruction.

Prerequisite: EMS 770, 621 or 622, Graduate standing

Typically offered in Spring only

EMS 704  Curriculum Development and Evaluation In Science and Mathematics  (3 credit hours)  

Critical study of elements of curriculum design and theory in mathematics education and science education and examination of evaluation procedures for assessing educational innovations.

Prerequisite: 500-level statistics, PSY 535

Typically offered in Spring only

EMS 705  Education and Supervision Of Teachers Of Mathematics and Science  (3 credit hours)  

Critical analysis of theories, programs and techniques designed to promote interpersonal interactions leading to more effective teaching of science and mathematics.

Prerequisite: EMS 770 or 621 or 622

Typically offered in Spring only

EMS 711  Research on the Teaching and Learning of Math at Secondary and Early College Levels  (3 credit hours)  

This course familiarizes students with theories and research related to mathematical thinking, learning and teaching at the secondary and early college levels with a focus on the following topics: function, expressions and equations, geometry, proof, limit, calculus, differential equations, and linear algebra. Students will apply theories to analyze secondary and freshmen/sophomore standing mathematical thinking, synthesize research findings, explain difficulties students experience, and design and conduct research. Restriction: at least 18 hrs of 400-500 level mathematics and a PhD student in Mathematics Education.

Typically offered in Spring only

EMS 712  Teaching Mathematics In Elementary and Junior High School  (3 credit hours)  

Comprehensive study of teaching mathematics in elementary and junior high schools. Major emphasis on building skills in teaching arithmetic, elementary algebra and intuitive geometry. Thorough search of literature relative to mathematics curricula conducted, designing and sequencing of learning activities, teaching mathematical concepts and relationships, building skill in computation, reading mathematics, problem solving and measurement.

Prerequisite: EMS 471

Typically offered in Spring and Summer

EMS 730  Trends and Issues in Science Education  (3 credit hours)  

Provides an in-depth examination and analysis of literature and research in science education as well as current trends in science education reform. Emphasis is placed on the analysis of theoretical models of inquiry. Course includes the development of a review of literature and the formation of research questions specific to science education.

Prerequisite: Graduate standing

Typically offered in Fall only

EMS 731  Fundamentals of Research in Science Education: Qualitative and Quantitative Inqu  (3 credit hours)  

Analyze the range of research designs currently utilized by science education reseachers. Develop an understanding of the assumptions and frameworks of different types of inquiry in science education. A brief history of research in science education is examined as a means to orient students to the trends that have taken place. Read, comprehend, and critically analyze qualitative and quantitative designs in science education.

Prerequisite: Graduate standing and ST 507 or 511, Corequisite: ST 508 or 512

Typically offered in Spring only

EMS 732  Theoretical and Critical Perspectives of Science Education  (3 credit hours)  

Examines current theoretical and critical perspectives of science education. Examines a variety of approaches which re-assess cultural notions of meaning, identity, power, and representation in the sciences and science education. Applies research theory to reform in science education.

Prerequisite: Graduate standing

Typically offered in Fall only

EMS 770  Foundations Of Mathematics Education  (3 credit hours)  

The current status of mathematics education with special emphasis on study and critical analysis of current practices in mathematics instruction from elementary school through college.

Prerequisite: EMS 471

Typically offered in Spring only

EMS 775  Foundations Of Science Education  (3 credit hours)  

Study and analysis of philosophical, historical, sociological, political and economic factors affecting science education in schools of the U.S. Implications for science education of various learning theories along with models for curriculum development and program planning. Critical analysis of current trends, issues and problems in science education in terms of multiple perspectives.

Prerequisite: EMS 475

Typically offered in Spring only

EMS 777  Improving Classroom Instruction In Science  (3 credit hours)  

Application of major principles of education and psychology to improvement of science teaching in elementary, middle and secondary schools. Emphasis on critical analysis of research and the development of research-based classroom applications. Goalsand objectives of science teaching, instructional strategies, development or selection of science materials, evaluation of achievement and elements of a desirable classroom climate.

Prerequisite: EMS 475

Typically offered in Spring only

EMS 780  Foundational Learning Theories in STEM Education  (3 credit hours)  

This course is an introduction to the field of learning sciences related to STEM education. Students examine the learning theories as they relate to STEM disciplines and apply the theories to the design of research. Applications of learning theory to STEM education reform will be discussed.

Restriction: Doctoral Standing in Learning and Teaching in STEM

Typically offered in Spring only

EMS 786/EAC 786  Teaching in College  (3 credit hours)  

Focus on development of competencies to perform fundamental tasks of a college teacher as well as consideration of more long-range tasks such as course development and university responsibilities of a professor. In addition to attending lectures andother types of presentations, students make video tapes of their teaching, develop tests, design introductory courses in their teaching fields and consider current issues related to university and college teaching.

Typically offered in Fall and Summer

EMS 791  Contemporary Research and Critical Issues in STEM Education  (3 credit hours)  

This course is designed to provide disciplinary and interdisciplinary overviews of STEM issues and trends that will help graduate students construct their own theoretical foundations and practical understanding of STEM education. In the course, students will discuss a wide range of current issues, movements, and research-supported practices in STEM education not only in K-16 classrooms but also informal education settings. Students will also have opportunities to conceptualize their own framework for quality STEM education connecting research and practice in the field. A main course activity will be reading, analysis, and discussion of selected readings in each topic area. Students will share the responsibility of guiding class discussions, write up reflection and conceptualization, and conduct individual project that relates directly to the main topics explored in the course.

Prerequisites: Doctoral Standing in Learning and Teaching in STEM

Typically offered in Fall only

EMS 792  Special Problems in Math Teaching  (3-6 credit hours)  

In-depth investigation of topical problems in mathematics teaching chosen from areas of curriculum, methodology, technology, supervision and research.

Typically offered in Fall, Spring, and Summer

EMS 794  Special Problems in Science Teaching  (3-6 credit hours)  

In-depth investigation of topics in science education not covered in existing courses. Includes critical analysis of research and may include field work. May be offered on individual basis or as a class.

Prerequisite: EMS 476

Typically offered in Fall, Spring, and Summer

EMS 802  Seminar In Mathematics Education  (1-12 credit hours)  

In-depth examination and analysis of literature and research in a particular topic(s) in mathematics education.

Prerequisite: Departmental Majors

Typically offered in Fall and Spring

EMS 803  Seminar In Science Education  (2 credit hours)  

In-depth examination and analysis of literature and research in a particular topic(s) in science education.

Prerequisite: Department Majors

Typically offered in Fall and Spring

EMS 821  Special Problems In Mathematics Teaching  (1-6 credit hours)  

In-depth investigation of topical problems in mathematics teaching chosen from areas of curriculum, methodology, technology, supervision and research.

Prerequisite: EMS 471

Typically offered in Summer only

EMS 822  Special Problems In Science Teaching  (1-6 credit hours)  

In-depth investigation of topics in science education not covered in existing courses. Includes critical analysis of research and may include field work. May be offered on individual basis or as a class.

Prerequisite: EMS 476

Typically offered in Fall, Spring, and Summer

EMS 832  Research Applications in Science Education  (3 credit hours)  

Provides students with the opportunity to design science education research including formulating research questions, designing the methodologies to be used in the study, selecting assessments and protocols, and identifying appropriate analyses. Theoretical frameworks and associated assumptions are identified and critiqued. Develop advanced skills in reviewing different types of science education research and identifying issues of validity and reliability.

Prerequisite: EMS 730, EMS 731, ST 508

Typically offered in Spring only

EMS 841  Practicum In Science and Mathematics Education  (1-6 credit hours)  

Supervised practicum in appropriate settings both on- and off-campus. Provision for opportunity for development, implementation and evaluation in science and mathematics in clinical environment under faculty supervision.

Prerequisite: EMS 770 or EMS 775

Typically offered in Fall, Spring, and Summer

EMS 851  Internship In Mathematics and Science Education  (1-9 credit hours)  

Utilizing the participant-observer role, required participation in selected educational situations with emphasis upon development of observational skills, ability to record relevant observations by means of written journals, skills in analyzing experiences identifying critical incidents and projection of events and consequences. Student required to develop possible alternative courses of action in various situations, select one of the alternatives and evaluate consequences of selected course ofaction.

Prerequisite: Nine hrs. in grad. level courses

Typically offered in Fall, Spring, and Summer

EMS 885  Doctoral Supervised Teaching  (1-3 credit hours)  

Teaching experience under the mentorship of faculty who assist the student in planning for the teaching assignment, observe and provide feedback to the student during the teaching assignment, and evaluate the student upon completion of the assignment.

Prerequisite: Doctoral student

Typically offered in Fall and Spring

EMS 890  Doctoral Preliminary Exam  (1-9 credit hours)  

For students who are preparing for and taking written and/or oral preliminary exams.

Prerequisite: Doctoral student

Typically offered in Fall, Spring, and Summer

EMS 892  Research Projects In Mathematics and Science Education  (1-3 credit hours)  

A project or problem in research in education for graduate students, supervised by members of the graduate faculty. The research chosen on basis of individual students' interests and not to be part of thesis or dissertation research.

Prerequisite: ELP 532

Typically offered in Fall, Spring, and Summer

EMS 893  Doctoral Supervised Research  (1-9 credit hours)  

Instruction in research and research under the mentorship of a member of the Graduate Faculty.

Prerequisite: Doctoral student

Typically offered in Fall, Spring, and Summer

EMS 895  Doctoral Dissertation Research  (1-9 credit hours)  

Dissertation research.

Prerequisite: Doctoral student

Typically offered in Fall, Spring, and Summer

EMS 896  Summer Dissertation Research  (1 credit hours)  

For graduate students whose programs of work specify no formal course work during a summer session and who will be devoting full time to thesis research.

Prerequisite: Doctoral student

Typically offered in Summer only

EMS 899  Doctoral Dissertation Preparation  (1-9 credit hours)  

For students who have completed all credit hour, full-time enrollment, preliminary examination, and residency requirements for the doctoral degree, and are writing and defending their dissertations.

Prerequisite: Doctoral student

Typically offered in Fall, Spring, and Summer