University Catalog 2023-2024

Paleontology (Minor)

To see more about what you will learn in this program, visit the Learning Outcomes website!

Paleontology Minor (17PALM)

The Minor in Paleontology provides undergraduate students with a foundational knowledge of the fossil record and modern techniques used to study the evolutionary patterns recorded within the fossil record. The Paleontology Minor is available to undergraduate students in all majors at NC State University but may be especially appropriate for students majoring in the life sciences, agricultural sciences, physical sciences, natural resources, or science education. Students should be aware that many of the courses in the Paleontology Minor have pre-requisites and others are taught in alternate years, so plan accordingly.


Students who plan to minor in Paleontology should contact the Minor Coordinator listed below for information on how to enroll. Students must have credit for BIO 181 or BIO 230 or BIO 270 before enrolling in the Paleontology minor. Students are strongly encouraged to declare the minor early in their studies so they receive information on relevant courses, events, and other opportunities from the Department of Biological Sciences. To be admitted to the program, a student must have a GPA of at least 2.0. Application for admission to any University minor program is now available via MyPack Portal. Admission will be based upon the student’s academic record, and in most cases no longer requires departmental review. To apply to Add a Minor, go to:


All requirements for the minor must be completed no later than the semester in which the student expects to graduate from his or her major degree program. Students apply to graduate in the minor through MyPack at the same time that they apply to graduate in their major program.

Contact Person

Bostian Hall 2727


Dr. Terry Gates
David Clark Labs 280


  • A grade of C- or better is required for all minor courses with a 2.0 GPA required in the minor for
  • No course used in the minor can be taken for credit only (S/U).
  • Courses taken for the minor can also be used toward major requirements, GEP Electives, or Free
  • At least 9 credit hours of the minor must be completed at NC State.
Required Courses
BIO 270Introduction to Evolution3
BIO 323Paleoecology3
MEA 369Life on Earth: Principles of Paleontology3
Elective Courses9
Elective List A (At Least 2)
The Science of Studying Dinosaurs
Paleontological Field Methods
Geology II: Historical
Introductory Sedimentology and Stratigraphy
Environmental Archaeology
Paleontology Research or Teaching Experience 1
Elective List B (One or More) 2
Evolutionary Biology
Developmental Anatomy of the Vertebrates
The Human Animal: An Evolutionary Perspective
Animal Anatomy and Physiology
Primate Ecology and Evolution
Animal Phylogeny and Diversity
Invertebrate Biology
Geology II Laboratory
Dinomania: Dinosaurs in Culture and Science
Science, American Style
Darwinism in Science and Society
Human Osteology
Human Paleopathology
Statistical Methods
Introduction to Statistical Programming- SAS
Introduction to Statistical Programming - R
Introduction to Statistics II
Total Hours18