University Catalog 2023-2024

Environmental Technology and Management (BS)

To see more about what you will learn in this program, visit the Learning Outcomes website!

Environmental Technology and Management offers a comprehensive teaching and research program, preparing students for careers within the arenas of environmental regulation, environmental site assessment, and environmental health and safety. This curriculum prepares graduates to collect data, analyze and interpret those data, and determine appropriate solutions for sound environmental management. The curriculum focuses on the sciences behind the biological and chemical mechanisms of environmental processes. Students learn how to deal with a range of topics from every day environmental management activities to natural and man-made disasters such as chemical spills, fires, hurricanes, oil spills, and more. Many Environmental Technology courses emphasize hands-on training with state-of-the-art monitoring equipment.An internship to obtain actual working-world experience is required.


For information on entrance requirements, contact the program director:

Dr. Angela Allen
Department of Forestry and Environmental Resources
Room 2231 Jordan Hall Addition
Campus Box 8008
Raleigh, NC 27695-8008

Plan Requirements

Orientation Courses
ENV 100Student Success in Environmental First Year1
ENV 101Exploring the Environment2
Mathematical Sciences
MA 131Calculus for Life and Management Sciences A3
or MA 141 Calculus I
ST 311Introduction to Statistics3
Natural Sciences
CH 101
CH 102
Chemistry - A Molecular Science
and General Chemistry Laboratory
BIO 181Introductory Biology: Ecology, Evolution, and Biodiversity4
Select one of the following:4
Introductory Organic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry I
and Organic Chemistry I Lab
Select one of the following:4
Organic Chemistry II
and Organic Chemistry II Lab
Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
SSC 200
SSC 201
Soil Science
and Soil Science Laboratory
PY 131Conceptual Physics4
or PY 211 College Physics I
Ecology Elective4
Required Courses
ET 105Introduction to Environmental Regulations3
Environmental Technology Lab Electives6
Environmental Technology Laboratory I
Environmental Technology Laboratory II
Pollution Prevention
Environmental Technology Laboratory III
Environmental Technology Laboratory IV
Laboratory Safety Systems and Management
Environmental Technology Laboratory V
FOR 353GIS and Remote Sensing for Environmental Analysis and Assessment3
or GIS 280 Introduction to GIS
ET 310Environmental Monitoring and Analysis3
ET 320Fundamentals of Air Pollution3
ET 330Environmental Technology Practicum3
ET 455Adaptive Management and Governance3
FOR 420Watershed and Wetlands Hydrology4
or NR 484 Environmental Impact Assessment
Capstone Elective3
NR 301Practicum for Professional Development I1
MA 231Calculus for Life and Management Sciences B3
or ST 312 Introduction to Statistics II
CH 201
CH 202
Chemistry - A Quantitative Science
and Quantitative Chemistry Laboratory
or NR 300 Natural Resource Measurements
Policy Elective3
Economics Elective3
IP Elective3
Advised Electives15
Students are encouraged to select courses that will fulfill an academic minor. Courses should enhance students’ career objectives and must be approved by faculty advisor.
Note: Courses cannot be counted toward both core course requirements and advised electives.
General Education Program (GEP) Courses
ENG 101Academic Writing and Research 14
GEP Humanities 6
GEP Health and Exercise Studies2
GEP US Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion3
GEP Interdisciplinary Perspectives2
GEP Global Knowledge (Verify Requirement)
Foreign Language Proficiency (Verify Requirement)
Free Electives
Free Electives (12 Hr S/U Lmt) 23
Total Hours120

A grade of C- or better required.


Students should consult their academic advisors to determine which courses fill this requirement.

Ecology Electives

AEC 360Ecology4
FOR 260Forest Ecology4
PB 360Ecology4

Environmental Technology Laboratory Electives

ET 201Environmental Technology Laboratory I1
ET 202Environmental Technology Laboratory II1
ET 203Pollution Prevention1
ET 301Environmental Technology Laboratory III1
ET 302Environmental Technology Laboratory IV1
ET 303Laboratory Safety Systems and Management1
ET 401Environmental Technology Laboratory V1

Capstone Electives

ES 400Analysis of Environmental Issues3
ET 460Practice of Environmental Technology3
NR 406Conservation of Biological Diversity3

Policy Electives

ARE 309Environmental Law & Economic Policy3
FOR 472Forest Soils4
NR 460Renewable Natural Resource Management and Policy3
NR 560Renewable Natural Resource Management and Policy3
PS 320U.S. Environmental Law and Politics3
PS 336Global Environmental Politics3

Economics Electives

ARE 201Introduction to Agricultural & Resource Economics3
ARE 201AIntroduction to Agricultural & Resource Economics3
EC 201Principles of Microeconomics3
EC 205Fundamentals of Economics3

IP Electives

ES 100Introduction to Environmental Sciences3
FW 221Conservation of Natural Resources3
MEA 100Earth System Science: Exploring the Connections4

Advised Electives

AEC 419Freshwater Ecology4
AEC 441Biology of Fishes3
AEC 442Biology of Fishes Laboratory1
AEC 519Freshwater Ecology4
BUS 350Economics and Business Statistics3
COM 436Environmental Communication3
ES 113Earth from Space3
ES 150Water and the Environment3
ES 200Climate Change and Sustainability3
ES 300Energy and Environment3
ES 400Analysis of Environmental Issues3
ET 120Introduction to Renewable Energy Technologies and Assessments3
ET 220Solar Photovoltaics Assessment3
ET 255Hydro, Wind, and Bioenergy Assessment3
ET 262Renewable Energy Adoption: Barriers and Incentives3
FOR 150Critical Thinking and Data Analysis2
FOR 248Forest History, Technology and Society3
FOR 260Forest Ecology4
FOR 304Theory of Silviculture4
FOR 330North Carolina Forests3
FOR 339Dendrology4
FOR 353GIS and Remote Sensing for Environmental Analysis and Assessment3
FOR 414World Forestry3
FOR 420Watershed and Wetlands Hydrology4
FOR 520Watershed and Wetlands Hydrology4
GIS 280Introduction to GIS3
MB 411Medical Microbiology3
MB 412Medical Microbiology Laboratory1
MB 451Microbial Diversity3
MB 452Microbial Diversity Lab2
MEA 101Geology I: Physical3
MEA 110Geology I Laboratory1
MEA 130Introduction to Weather and Climate3
MEA 135Introduction to Weather and Climate Laboratory1
MEA 200Introduction to Oceanography3
MEA 202Geology II: Historical3
MEA 210Oceanography Lab1
MEA 211Geology II Laboratory1
MEA 220Marine Biology3
MEA 250Introduction to Coastal Environments3
MEA 251Introduction to Coastal Environments Laboratory1
MEA 300Environmental Geology4
MEA 323Geochemistry of Natural Waters3
NR 219Natural Resource Markets3
NR 350International Sustainable Resource Use4
NR 400Natural Resource Management4
NR 420Watershed and Wetlands Hydrology4
NR 421Wetland Science and Management3
NR 500Natural Resource Management4
NR 520Watershed and Wetlands Hydrology4
NR 521Wetland Science and Management3
PB 200Plant Life4
PB 213Plants and Civilization3
PB 220Local Flora3
PB 400Plant Diversity and Evolution4
PB 403Systematic Botany4
PB 413Plant Anatomy2
PB 421Plant Physiology3
PB 480Introduction to Plant Biotechnology3
PB 503Systematic Botany4
PB 513Plant Anatomy2
PB 580Introduction to Plant Biotechnology3
PP 315Principles of Plant Pathology4
SMT 200Introduction to Sustainable Materials and Technology3
SMT 201Sustainable Materials for Green Housing2
SMT 310Introduction to Industrial Ecology3
SSC 341Soil Fertility and Nutrient Management3
SSC 461Soil Physical Properties and Plant Growth3
SSC 470Wetland Soils3
SSC 570Wetland Soils3
ST 350Economics and Business Statistics3
ST 370Probability and Statistics for Engineers3
TOX 201Poisons, People and the Environment3
TOX 401Principles of Toxicology4
TOX 415Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry4
TOX 501Principles of Toxicology4

Semester Sequence 

This is a sample.

Critical Path Courses – Identify using the code (CP) which courses are considered critical path courses which represent specific major requirements that are predictive of student success in a given program/plan. Place the (CP) next to the credit hours for the course. 

Plan of Study Grid
First Year
Fall SemesterHours
ENV 100
ENV 101
Student Success in Environmental First Year
and Exploring the Environment
ENG 101 Academic Writing and Research 1 4
MA 131
Calculus for Life and Management Sciences A (CP) 2
or Calculus I
BIO 181 Introductory Biology: Ecology, Evolution, and Biodiversity (CP) 4
GEP Health and Exercise Studies 1
Spring Semester
PY 131 Conceptual Physics 4
ET 105 Introduction to Environmental Regulations 3
Economics Requirement 3
GEP Humanities 3
IP Elective 3
GEP Health and Exercise Studies 1
Second Year
Fall Semester
ST 311 Introduction to Statistics 3
CH 101
Chemistry - A Molecular Science
Environmental Technology Lab Electives 1
Ecology Elective (CP) 4
Policy Requirement 3
Spring Semester
Environmental Technology Lab Elective 1
ST 312
Introduction to Statistics II
or Calculus for Life and Management Sciences B
NR 301 Practicum for Professional Development I 1
SSC 200
Soil Science
CH 201
Chemistry - A Quantitative Science
Summer Session I
ET 330 Environmental Technology Practicum 3
Third Year
Fall Semester
CH 220
Introductory Organic Chemistry
Environmental Technology Lab Electives 1
Spatial Technology Elective 3
Advised Elective 3 3
GEP US Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion 3
GEP Humanities 3
Spring Semester
Environmental Technology Lab Elective 1
Environmental Technology Lab Electives 1
ET 310 Environmental Monitoring and Analysis (CP) 3
ET/MEA 320 Fundamentals of Air Pollution 3
Advised Elective 3 3
CH 223
Organic Chemistry II
Fourth Year
Fall Semester
Environmental Technology Lab Elective 1
ET 455 Adaptive Management and Governance 3
NR 484
Environmental Impact Assessment
or Watershed and Wetlands Hydrology
Advised Elective 3 6
Spring Semester
Capstone Elective 3
GEP Interdisciplinary Perspectives 2
Advised Elective 4 3
Free Elective 3 3
 Total Hours120

A grade of C- or better required.


Students with appropriate math skills are encouraged to take MA 141 Calculus I.


Students are encouraged to select courses that will fulfill an academic minor.


Students should consult their academic advisors to determine which courses fill this requirement.

Career Opportunities

Career opportunities include technical positions with: firms that offer environmental services; manufacturing companies that are required to maintain sophisticated environmental monitoring networks; consulting and audit firms that perform independent environmental audits; and state and federal regulatory agencies. A number of graduates have also pursued graduate degrees. Several professional certifications can be achieved through the major. Students may receive Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response training and are eligible to sit for two professional certification exams: the exam for certification as an Associate Environmental Professional, and the exam Certified Hazardous Materials Manager.